Wednesday, September 18, 2019

New infrastructure

We have all heard this over the past couple of decades. Well, we can finally say that things are at a crux, especially with the emergence of DL's facilities. They were always there; of late, people learned how to exploit.

Create or discover? Well, like the chicken and egg, which is first? I'm of both minds where 'discover' is given respect. So, Poisson's name is on stuff. He created this. Or, was he describing what he saw and we labelled it with his name as if the underlying ability came about with observation?

With the internet, we get to reason on these things, again, albeit with some practical focus as the intent is to use the thing properly, smartly, and to the best of our ability. I've put out a few posts about this. In July, it was Techie stuff. There were things before, say the technology blog. This started at WordPress[dot]com but, recently, moved to be under our 'portal to truth' (lots to discuss there). At that site, we have continued our blogging about decisions.

I have been working alone, for the most part, just following my intuition. 'Minimal' was one goal. Last fall, I mentioned some Google discussions that were right on (in this old guy's mind) and comforting, actually. Though, as an aside, they own this blog space. We're looking to pull it, too, under our portal.

In the meantime, AI is going bonkers. It's obvious, to me, that the black box can be tamed. It'll take us getting back to logic. What the hey? Minsky of MIT went to his grave arguing that the aNN (no matter the variations, thereof) as not the way. Not that I agree with him entirely, but he was not off the mark. Everywhere, we see AI this and AI that. Makes one wonder if some parts of the populace have lost their marbles.

As an aside, our portal thoughts make use of the fact that Thomas Gardner is almost a tabula rasa given that we know only a little but have the huge set of progeny to ponder. That means, in other words, the 'every man' is the theme or meme. We'll get back to that.

This blog has been going for 10 years. We started the WordPress one due to the details being handled with regard to choices. Of course, as we studied, we had to see where the crowd was going (below). And (yes, this is real), every time, we looked at what led to the current state (our's and the world of computing's) and tsk'd (want to know why? paying attention to the messes?). Sheesh. Do we ever get anything right? For anything of benefit, there are a slew of side-effects, costs (what have you) that are negatively imposing. This is without fail.

AI came on the scene, again, the past few years. Gaga time. This time, though, the older minds were saying, wait, let's talk: ACM, IEEE, etc. So, that's something else to discuss.

But, with regard to what the TGS needs, we have to develop. I have run across roll-your-own schemes. Guess what? The monied crowd does this to remove dependencies upon others. I'm stressing it due to issues of truth engineering. In any case, code will be to the fore. What? Yes, too many are being led down paths to perdition, it seems. We have been right so far in that assessment. I don't see glowing examples, yet.

As an aside, with regard to the below, we were doing Microsoft in the (mis-guided?) notion of going with ASPX and its way of the world. We'll mention this again.

But, the tools are there for us to do things better. Metrics, in other words, used wisely can be quite helpful. The benefits that have accrued properly to technology are examples. Lots of them. So, getting back to the theme of the post, here is an example.

This image comes from a post that is worth reading: How WordPress Changed the Internet - 17 Facts about WordPress. I like it if only it shows that the old guy isn't off the wall.


In the 2012 time frame, as we were being kicked off of Microsoft's site, I looked at all three of these. In fact, I prototype'd a TGS site. At the time, I was up to my ears in new information having started to really get into the history and genealogy of the Cape Ann crew. So, there wasn't time to play with configuration when 'content' was the key thing. Notice the comparative growth of these three.

Aside, content and configuration? These differ (the media is not the message).

I looked at WordPress, again, in 2014. Those prototypes had been done under our own server. In the new mode, I went and built under WordPress' site (in the beginning, there were no ads; they came later; hence, we're moving). But, in 2012, I fell back to HTML, tables, icons, and mouse handling. It worked. On the 2014 go around, I brought in CSS and some javascript. The latter was, finally, made more central as it builds the page.

Now, what was one problem in 2012? The database. Too much of it (let's discuss). We can go into this, but the TGS site uses Linux and files. Guess what? Recently, after reading some UBerkeley stuff on AI, I went to GitHub, finally. Ah, the choices, related to text or graphics, etc., were all there for daily discussion while people were, at the same time, doing useful stuff within their chosen framework.

Talk diversity. This is one type that we need and can handle. Though, there are always forces pushing for homogeneity. Mathematicians love this.

BTW, on the latest look at WordPress, as I was bringing it into our portal, I looked at the 'biz' aspects of its use. Nickel and dime'ing was my reaction; like the menu that is ala carte. Nice, but, I want to see what's under the cover (or hood or ... - we used to say). Too, I want more than mere parametric influences. BTW, that is one issue with DL and AI, right now.

Yes, again, anyone interested in machine learning in the context of TGS, pipe up, please.

Closing this out, we have lots of things pending. See this blog that will move (https://jmswtlk.github.io/GitHub-ing/) which will cover the deeper technical issues as we go along. So, indeed, we're talking infrastructure in a new sense, actually senses.

Oh yes, ASPX. Recently, I have been helping in a situation where this is the framework. Not as a developer, but rather as a late tester of a new process. Interesting. Some things I liked, others not. How to get the proper balance will always be a key thing? And, whose balance?

Aside, again. The earlier post pointed to a project management scheme that has gotten a lot of attention. It reminds me of the old Apple package that was card-based. That is, one had cards that linked in a manner that was fairly powerful (we're talking 80s, folks). I see it referenced from time to time. Lift the covers, and you'll find old routines still supporting the computing world. Trouble is, though, that it's in the GUI world. Most stuff is. Developers? Many stay away from that. Actually, WikiTree is balanced and a joy to use. GitHub is more textual with add-ons for the GUI'ness.

How ought we to go? Decisions will be made. None will be in concrete.

When looking at Drupal and Joomla, I also looked at Concrete 5. It's still around. The Army picked it. Okay. How does one decide in all of this? Want to know. Computational sustainability. That'll be a future topic.

Remarks: Modified: 09/18/2019

09/18/2019 --

Saturday, September 14, 2019

Charter Street Cemetery, Salem, MA

Seems that this year, we're looking at cemeteries. Early on we were considering what happened to the one at Gardner's Hill. This will feature in our 400th planning. We were also looking at some grave decisions in Lynn, MA.

In this case, one of the oldest cemeteries in the U.S. (1637) is being closed before the Halloween season. Many of us are happy about this as we have heard stories of misuse for several years. Thousands descend upon Salem in order to celebrate various views. This year, the cemetery will be off limits, as the city of Salem had planned some renovations (Preserving Salem) to start soon. This will also give them a chance to further assess ways and means. Some renovations will be established paths through the area which is adjacent to the Witch Trials Memorial (lots to study in that regard: Dr. Frank's grandmother - Lucy Foster Wilson Gardner).


The blog, Streets of Salem, looked at the subject which motivated this post: Cemetery under siege.

The Cemetery has a Gardner Annex which we will be looking at further. Jonathan Gardner #105, for whom Rev. Bentley preached a sermon, was buried there along with his wife, Sarah Putnam. We will research burials of others, in this cemetery, who are related. Dr. Frank mentions several Gardners with stones in the cemetery.

This cemetery is also known as Burial Point Cemetery (findagrave). The 'Famous Memorials' comes up with five names, all related: Simon Bradstreet, John Hathorne, Francis Higginson, Samuel McIntire, and Capt. Richard More. There are 18 graves with the name 'Gardner' associated with them. There are 12 graves with the name 'Higginson' on as last name.

---

Part of the renovations concerns headstones. This image is of Mary Blakeman Higginson's stone being reset. She was the wife of Rev. John Higginson who was the son of Rev. Francis Higginson (Wikipedia). A grandson of Rev. John, named John Higginson (WikiTree), married Hannah, daughter of Samuel Gardner who was son of George who was son of Thomas and Margaret. A descendant was Col. Thomas W. Higginson.


Remarks: Modified: 09/16/2019

09/14/2019 -- Updated material about the Higginson family. Rev. Francis is the one who wrote, glowingly, of the Great House (Cape Ann) that had been moved to Salem by John Endicott.



Wednesday, September 11, 2019

Planning, TGA, Vol V, No 1

Earlier, we had notes about the research for this issue of TGA. Now, we're to considering having two issues, again, as we did with earlier releases of the report. As we pull things together, we remind those interested that we can accept submissions for publication.

As well, after this volume is completed (Vol V), we will pull the first five volumes together into a book suitable for gifting to libraries. Support  would be appreciated.

This is a sketched table of contents for this volume that is provided to promote discussion and help keep us organized.
  • recap our 10 years of work and give a look at the different means that we are using to provide information.
  • finalize our review of Dr. Frank's lineage as we found his notes about his mother's family.
  • write up an appreciation for Sidney Perley's work which was carried on by Dr. Frank's sister after Sidney quit his Essex Antiquarian efforts and went on to write the History of Salem.
  • initiate a biz section that will provide a status, starting with a look at 5 years of Incorporation.
  • initiate an art section, starting with a narrative of old Ipswich, that will be a regular feature and will look at, and use, art as information.
  • initiate a tech section, starting with an overview of issues related to technology and media especially in the climate of growing uncertainty about web-based information.
  • initiate a details section, starting with an update to the index to cover the 10 volumes of Gardner's Beacon.
Given the decade of work, we need to stop to pull things together. Or start to do that. As well, we have gathered lots of information about Dr. Frank. There is more pending. So, we will offer that in a cohesive manner.

Remarks: Modified: 09/11/2019

09/11/2019 --


Tuesday, September 10, 2019

Families, sites and such

On 26 Sept 2010, I did the third post of this blog: Families, related families, sites and questions.
  • 'Families' were other Gardners; this was taken over by a well-read post: Gardners and Gardners. This was written two days later. 
  • 'related families' had to do with websites of families who have Gardner in their index.  This was partly handled by the post, Electronic footprint, from 4 Feb 2014. Several sites have considerable information about Thomas, on-line. 
  • 'sites' point to information by other families. Pointing to this resource is part of our What we know? series which started on 27 Nov 2012. 
  • 'questions' were many from the beginning, however we did establish a FAQ on 04 March 2015. Well, at least, we waited almost five years before assuming to know enough to start answering questions, as well as asking them. 
The following is a list of sites that have Gardner. We are restarting the list since technology changes and websites reconfigure. Updates here will be reflected in the original material.

Gardner
Collateral
Leveraging off the work of others has benefits for the several parties involved.

Remarks: Modified: 09/14/2019

09/10/2019 --


Monday, September 9, 2019

Edward III and Boris

I couldn't resist this. Earlier, I did an answer on Quora to this question:
First, note that it says 'related to' not 'descendant from.' So, that is one key. Another is that modern technology allows a little more precision in this type of search. Of course, there are more things to discuss, but let's avoid those this time. The answer allowed me to feature WikiTree using Dr. Frank A. Gardner's lineage to the extent that we know it (we extended this last fall using his notes about his mother's heritage). Later, I was able to see his father's notes in an early copy of the 1907 book (given to Stephen Wilson Gardner by Dr. Frank).

The work, notes, books and such went along with a burst of energy and activity related to genealogy and family history motivated, in part, by the 300th celebration. Now, we have the 400th look-backs either coming up or having already started, such as the Mayflower activity. Due to several factors (location, family ties, and more), the Mayflower descendants have been more scrutinized than many others. Yet, the information is not entirely complete according to one blog post. We will get back to that, take the case of Richard More who will be mentioned in a coming post. We looked at him earlier: seemingly lost, rediscovered, related to the family, etc.

In fact, Richard came up as I was going through notes to find the earliest Mayflower connections with the children of Thomas and Margaret, eight of whom had children. Richard's daughter married the son (Joshua Conant) of Thomas' daughter (Seeth) and her daughter. Further, Richard's sister-in-law married a Woodbury so there are all sorts of relationships to follow through on. Even with technology, those things are tedious and error prone: tired/or eyes, say, or quality of the provenance of the material being used.

Oh for a good database to start with. Well, there are several, hence the Mayflower reference. We can use those as a yardstick for comparison. There is more, as many who came over had known histories. The Mayflower look back is considering their ancestors in this regard. And, their data can be used for studies, such as mentioned in this answer:
There is a chart to a related theme of 'How long is a generation?' The data from the 'fifth generation' from the Mayflower one provides a view that only technology can give us. We need to keep that in mind.

Everyone, for the most part, has Edward III as some focal point, for Americans. Later ties are clearer and less prevalent. Earlier ties are associated with huge amounts of hits. BTW, WikiTree's efforts at their Magna Carta Gateway study are apropos. Lineage path by lineage path, the route from Gateway Ancestor to a Baron is being confirmed, using Richardson's books, for one.

What of the other side of the waters? Well, this recent blog post looks at one person of current interest: Edward to Boris, how many times? The author did the generation length study mentioned above. He references work by both Douglas Richardson (mentioned above) and Gary Roberts.

Relevance? This same type of work and technology needs to be done with Thomas, Margaret and all who relate to them. What Edward III studies allow is sufficient material that has been scrutinized for centuries. Getting away from that brings in all sorts of uncertainties that can be interesting in themselves.

BTW, Boris, of course, is the newly appointed (as of August 2019) U.K. Prime Minister Boris Johnson. He has an American Ancestry. But, we can use this work for other families, too, as Gateway Ancestors left family in the old country.

It's nice to see this type of thing where news motivates research and holes close. Then, the small folk can leverage off the work of the big-time folks ;>).

There are several hundred mappings from Boris to Ed III. The post's image looks at one. That is one aspect of the situation. Say, for lineage? One maps directly. Or with the one with the most documentation. Maybe, later, one goes back and fills in collateral information. But, other people (cousins) can leverage off of this work, if they have siblings of someone on a pedigree line.

We'll have several posts later related to this 'open issue' for Gardners.

Remarks: Modified: 09/10/2019

09/09/2019 --


Monday, September 2, 2019

3 trails

We have had several posts looking at places with the Gardner name. One of these is Gardner, KS near which is Gardner Junction which was on the three trails: Santa Fe, Oregon, California. This is unique, to be where the travelers all were at the same place. The research query was in regard to some particular places, but we know that we need to get a more full list (pending).

Recently, we were in the area where the Trails were going toward Gardner. As well, we thought to look at more details (below). This same route was taken by the New England party (men and women) that left via a port in New York and sailed to Chicago before traveling over to St. Louis and west to Kansas City. They got to an area and established Lawrence, KS (Final migration, Lawrence and Kansas).

On looking deeper, we found the 3-Trails Corridor. This was funded by a school initiative that looked to be associated with the Lewis and Clark celebration: 3-Trails Village Community Improvement District. We will look at this further. But, here are a couple of maps. One is from our earlier post. The other depicts points along the route.

Gardner, KS
3-Trails
We have had several posts on this theme and will be adding more. It's about time for a summary look which will appear in the next issue of The Gardner Annals, Vol. V, No. 1. The trails played a major role in the western movement. Too, we need to add in the Mormon experience.

As mentioned in an early post, there were to sea routes to California: around the Cape, two  voyages linked by a trek across Central America.

The gist is that this type of detail work is what one expects from a location. Same goes for a family. There may be major overviews, but a lot of the grunt work needs to be done by the family. Dr. Frank showed us one example. We still have lots of work to do.

So, there are several pending bits of work with Gardner Junction which is the southern trek out of the Kansas City area. This route was fine for the folks going to Santa Fe. But, it was out of the way for the California (gold rush) and Oregon trekkers. It went too far south. Young bucks figured out that they could continue north by water to St. Joseph, MO. This area became last stopping point where dry goods and other merchants had supplies at hand. The travelers still had to cross the Missouri river.

As an aside, some earlier posts looked at the trek from New England to Lawrence, KS. The movement was by foot, for the most part, in the last part of the journey. And, there was a river to be forded prior to arriving at Lawrence. So, this was practice for something that would be a continual source of grief all of the way across the country.

Far cry, one might say, from the easy of rushing down the Interstate. BTW, that subject is of interest, too, since many of those merchants were Yankees.

Perspective: From the KC area to Fort Larned (see the Kansas part of the Santa Fe trail - about 2/3 across the State), the experience was a daily grind for three weeks (makes "are we there yet?" known from another perspective. At least, at some point, those same persons saw the Sangre de Cristo mountain range. We have a post on that, too.

This image shows the area near Gardner KS where one finds a kiosk with information about the 3 Trails and Gardner Junction.

Remarks: Modified: 09/02/2019

09/02/2019 --

Saturday, August 17, 2019

Thomas Needham Gardner

On FB, there is a group where people post interesting photos (Images of yore). Recently, there was one of a Thomas Gardner (Cutter's Memoirs). He is mentioned in Dr. Frank's book as the son of Daniel Gardner #338 on page 275. He married Agnes Littlefield. On a closer look, Thomas is a great-uncle of Dr. Frank. FindAGrave for Thomas N. Gardner.

Follow the discussion about Thomas via the New England Family Genealogy and History FB group.

His mother was Elizabeth B. Manning. Thomas lived from 1804-1875, so he is of the same time frame as is Nathaniel Hawthorne whose mother was Elizabeth C. Manning. Any connection? It will be interesting to look at this; it is nice to see the interconnections between the families of Salem. On his father's side, Nathaniel was a descendant of sons, George and Thomas, of Thomas and Margaret.

Thomas married 1) Mary E. Fabens, daughter of Joseph Fabens and Elizabeth Curtis. She died in 1857. He married 2) Agnes Leslie Littlefield, daughter of Edson Lysander Littlefield and Lydia (Smith) Davis. Find A Grave, for Agnes' mother: Lydia Smith Davis Littlefield.

Note: Some work needs to be done with the FindaGrave records. Thomas' FAG only shows his first wife, Mary. Lydia's FAG does not show Agnes (she died as Winchester).

Remarks: Modified: 08/16/2019

08/16/2019 --


Thursday, August 15, 2019

Streets of Salem

This is a blog that has very interesting posts as Donna, the blogger, does walk-abouts as did our friend, Sidney Perley. I have commented a couple of times of late: Massey's Cove and Tale of Benjamin West, the Patriot. The first post came about by seeing the Cove on one of Sidney's maps. Conant and crew spent their first winter in that location (1626). The second post related to a veteran of Bunker Hill who was overlooked. Turns out that Benjamin West was the only casualty from Salem.

Of late, there was this post: Cemetery under Siege. Of course, that called for bringing some attention to the experience of Gardner's burial plot. We covered that in several posts, with the first one from 2010; this deals with the question: Where is Thomas?

This is the text of the comment (unaltered).
    It isn’t as if a cemetery or two has not already been destroyed in little Essex County of Massachusetts. At last count, there were over 200 graves that would need attention.

    Start to read about it here: https://thomasgardnerofsalem.blogspot.com/2019/02/another-twist.html. I point to a report by a Trask researcher about Lynn’s movement of stones, leaving the remains. But, have, since, found other references to this sort of thing.

    Before discovering that little jewel of news about disappear cemeteries, and after much reading and talking to people, it became evident to me that we had this very thing in Salem. In short, the Gardner burial plot, which was near the current Trask one, was disturbed. It was violated in the interest of commerce which is not unlike now with the witch mania (every fall). At first, this news was troublesome, I took a long while before accepting the fact. But, I heard from people about missing bodies. Also, I went deeper into Sidney’s (need I mention his last name, Perley’s) work. Later I saw that he mentioned that some bodies had been moved to the Trask plot. https://thomasgardnerofsalem.blogspot.com/2018/10/new-twist.html

    Lots of research pending.

    Some graves had already been destroyed in the Gardner plot when Simon Pickering Gardner visited the site in the 1830s (stones thrown about). I have tracked down who sold the land, etc. This is a story waiting to be told. The property had been in the Gardner family since Thomas’ time.

    But, about October’s cah’ching of the registers due to visitors and tramplers of graves. Right near where the Gardner plot had been (according to Sidney, again), we now have the Holy Ghost Center. To me, how appropriate it would be for Salem to mark that area and direct some attention that way. Say, before getting in revelries, consider that some of this stuff is real.

    Some have argued this, well, Harmony Grove is where this site was. These two (HGC and Gardner’s plot) were on different sides of the brook/river (Gardner/Proctor/North, what have you) that disappeared, evidently filled in with the bones of our ancestors.

    Much to discuss, especially given the 400th that is pending.
I wrote 'Simon' rather than 'Samuel' for the 1830s visitor. But added in a correcting comment. Again, we're putting together the next issue of The Gardner Annals. Contributions of articles is encouraged.

Remarks: Modified: 08/15/2019

08/15/2019 --


Friday, August 9, 2019

Samuel and John

As in Samuel Gardner (Gardner-614) and John Curwen (Corwin-10). John was the step-brother of Mary (White-3107), Samuel's wife.

This is cursory and will be filled in further. We were looking to see who was Mary's father. Anderson did not mentioned her maiden name (Great Migration). But, then, Torrey did not either.

Dr. Frank did. Was he correct? Well, Frank mentioned that Elizabeth was Mary's mother and she had married Herbert. Mary's father died, and Elizabeth married George Curwen (Corwin). We know this from Torrey (New England marriages prior to 1700).

But, we know more. The NEHGR published an article about Elizabeth. In it, Mary and Samuel are mentioned. So, Dr. Frank was correct. However, this work was after Anderson published, so he is off the hook. As we can note, the research had to be carried out in England.

See NEHGR Vol 163 starting at page 192. It is an example of the type of thing that families need to do and which the TGS sees as in its mission.

Remarks: Modified: 08/09/2019

08/09/2019 --

Seeth Gardner

More specifically, Seeth (Gardner) Conant Grafton, the youngest daughter. She was buried with Thomas at the Gardner burial plot and is mentioned in several post related to the question of 'Where is Thomas?' (continuing research theme). Her stone is in Harmony Grove Cemetery. Her bones? We don't know.

Her nephew, Abel and his wife Sarah, were buried there, too. Abel was son of Samuel and progenitor of Dr. Frank.

It's about time that we looked at Seeth. Earlier, we looked at her sisters, Sarah Balch and Miriam Hill. This is an introduction; there will be more as we fill in her WikiTree Profile (Gardner-592) of her children. We just started to update the Profile for Seeth (Grafton) Andrew Hicks.

Turns out that a descendant of Seeth wrote for The American Genealogist about her. See TAG, Vol 71, pg 26. Craig Partridge, the researcher, was a professor at Stanford.

Remarks: Modified: 08/09/2019

08/09/2019 --

Saturday, August 3, 2019

Threads through five generations

When we did the list of descendants that is on the Wikipedia page for Thomas, we browsed books, other genealogical sites, found connections, and did a quick assessment. For each entry, we put a year to relate their period plus identified the child.

Yesterday, we looked at some of these. And, picked Ezra Pound since he was documented on WikiTree. For Ezra, there was a link to his Wikipedia page, a note that he was ca. 1880s, and that his ancestor was Richard. We also looked at several others. Ezra Cornell is of Richard, too, but we need to review what has been done for him as there is some conflicting information. We found out that Gilbert Hovey Grosvenor is a descendant of Lion Gardner. In the mode of 'All things Gardner' work, we will move these to a side list showing these other families.

Today, we checked several other entries and considered that we need to approach this from the viewpoint of getting descendants of the children identified which would lead to the first five generations being written up. Along that line, the below list is a start. For now, we'll show the chart that maps to Henry VIII for its potential to show how collateral families come into play.

These can be thought of as threads. Some research might find them useful. I did. Those with resources have more motivation, too. I found that looking at work done by those folks would help with other lines, various ways.

This is a partial list with no particular order.
We still need one from Miriam. 

Remarks: Modified: 08/03/2019

08/03/2019 --

Friday, August 2, 2019

Ezra Pound

There are lots of research areas that we can touch upon. It's an endless bit of stuff. But, we want to stay topical and relevant. Having looked at a couple cases of connections (Julia Ward Howe), we thought that we could pick someone interesting and look at the connections to see what comes up.

How to find someone? Well, we have a standing bit of pending work to prove the list of descendants that we wrote up on Wikipedia, long ago (Thomas Gardner - Planter). We built this list while reading. As we found associations, we recorded them, after finding out what child of Thomas and Margaret was the ancestor. That, of course, assumed that the information was correct. Well, we know that we need to verify everything.

So, we picked Ezra Cornell. Sure enough, he is a Thomas descendant via his mother who was a Barnard out of Nantucket. Now, several sources have this, including a good one, which is the work of William Addams Reitwiesner on the ancestry of William Shattuck. Rather than pick up that quest, for the moment, we decided to pick another name.

In fact, another Ezra. This time, it's Ezra Pound. He was born in Idaho, so we also see the western expansion. Upon querying WikiTree, we see that Ezra has many lines back to Thomas, via Nantucket, again. This comes via his 1st-great-grandmother, Minerva Judith Coleman, both of whose parents were descendants of Thomas and Margaret, several times.

So, let's check some connections. Using Deborah (Macy) Gardner (1658-1712), we get this link back to Henry VIII's mother. The link is via Joseph Gardner and his marriage to Ann Downing who has the link via her second husband, Simon Bradstreet. Using Thaddeus Coleman (1771-1847), we get a link to Henry VIII's wife, Anne Boleyn, via Coffin and West.

Shubael Gorham is on the list, too. So, using him, we get a link to Catherine Parr through Vaughan and Neville. Shubael's wife was Puella Hussey. She has a link back to Henry Fitzroy via Manning and Howard.

Finally, getting from that node and picking the Pound great-grandfather, we get a link to Jane Seymour. In these searches, there are many cultural links that are of the 'in-law' type. Any of these would be interesting to look deeper into.

This post is a look at a descendant with a little peek at the loads of information that would accrue if the tree were to be filled in. He represents one of hundreds of thousands. Meaning? Lots of work to do.

---

So, Ezra was born in Idaho. That's a long way from New England. Of course, by 1883, the railroad made it easier to get out there. Why? Always needs to be asked. Well, we can look more at land management: General Land Office.

---

On Ezra, see the Poetry Foundation.

Remarks: Modified: 08/02/2019

08/02/2019 --

Monday, July 22, 2019

Julia (Ward) Howe

This post continues the theme of preparations for the next issue of The Gardner Annals (Vol. V, No. 1). Last post, we were looking at Dr. Frank and Henry VIII in terms of connections along the line of the Kevin Bacon deal (ALGS is about 3 degrees from Kevin). Those types of connections are open as they include common types of relationships.

We're looking at relationships in terms of nature and nurture. In the former, there would be some DNA linkage such as being descendant from or having a common ancestor. Then, we have the slew of cultural relations. In the above, we saw that Dr. Frank links with Henry VIII through his sister and three of his wives. The graph is on WikiTree and was easily attainable since they compute these for featured Profiles with Henry VIII being the current focus. To isolate some of the other connections, we went and used Dr. Frank's great-grandparents.

This analysis is supposed to work with any two Profiles, however several failed since they had a restriction on 10 links (takes lot of computer time and memory). Today, we were reading an old review in the WSJ about 'Songs of America.' One in particular is the Battle Hymn of the Republic, with lyrics by Julia (Ward) Howe (Wikipediaher genealogy). Julia's husband (Samuel Gridley Howe) was one of the secret supporters (they went underground as the Feds came north, following rumors) of John Brown (she used the tune of John Brown's body), as was Col. Thomas W. Higginson about whom we wrote three years ago. The Colonel worked with Dr. Frank and his sister on The Massachusetts Magazine. So, there is a relationship right there.

But, we wanted to test WikiTree and used another Profile (that of ALGS' 1st-great). The model showed her connected to Henry VIII through his sister. That particular link came in via the Howe family. So, we tried to show the relationship twixt the grandmother of ALGS and the husband of Julia. It went through 66K profiles to form this graph.


#7 is Rev. John Wise (Thomas Gardner of Roxbury), the inspiration for the Declaration of Independence according to Calvin Coolidge. Here is another view.

This is interesting as just two generations removed from Abigail is the Howe connection (see below). This type of analysis is not as easy as it looks. Many times, as in the case of Henry VIII, many links are computed and stored. The query is merely looking for a match within a few generations. WikiTree has been doing this analysis for awhile. It'll be worth while to see how many of those have been stored so that we can retrieve the information.

As well, this is a connection search which has fewer constraints than would relationship one. Now, to do a manual search, we can get both profiles (Samuel Howe and Abigail Swazey) and do an ancestor graph. Then, we can match up nodes that will show the common ancestor.


So, starting with these two, we go back four generations.

Since Samuel is younger than Abigail, we see that in three more generations for him, there is the same ancestor as two more generations for Abigail. So, Samuel's 5th ggp is the same as Abigail's 4th ggp.

Samuel's and Julia's time was the U.S. Civil War. Abigail was the War of 1812 while her father was the Revolutionary War and the French-Indian War.

BTW, the great-uncle of Abigail's husband, and his wife, were the couple who were featured in McCullough's look at the Revolutionary War. McCullough used the The Letters of Joseph Hodgkins and Sarah Perkins – Historic Ipswich to build a story.

One motivation for this analysis will be to write stories related to the extended family of Thomas and Margaret (Fryer) Gardner.

Remarks: Modified: 08/02/2019

08/02/2019 -- Looked briefly at Ezra Pound's link to Thomas and HVIII.

Sunday, July 21, 2019

Dr. Frank and Henry VIII

The order of the names is intentional which we'll get into, eventually. Right now, let's look at a matter that deals with technology. We have touched a little on DNA studies and will have more. Again, it'll be from looking at the underlying frameworks. There are all sorts of genealogy examples related to computing. WikiTree is an example and used here.

The other day, I saw a question on Quora about Edward III. It was from someone who has a large English heritage. It asked: what was the chance of being related to Ed III? Well, I have thought that we need to get people to think of 'related to' and 'descended from' in the various contexts being brought up by technology. The 'related to' is even thought of technically with respect to Kevin Bacon. 'descended from' is biological, however that is becoming more of a mess. With what ramifications is unknown now. Be aware, though.

There are other 'related to' types. One might be in-laws in a huge family (it takes a village sense). Mentioning Kevin showed another.  But, there are many more. Say, the 'step' relationship is commonly found. But, there are so many others which can be itemized, at some point. Right now, we will start by following one line using Dr. Frank that goes through his paternal grandfather.

As well as discussing biological versus not, I thought that I would see how WikiTree's little model worked. There are other sites that offer kin analysis (FamousKin is one), but I wanted to use one that was trustworthy (my judgment after use) to some extent. With the usual caveat, the below analysis will be looked at further.


This shows that Dr. Frank has a series of links that go back to Henry VIII on WikiTree.  The close relationship is with one of HVIII's wives. However, within this graph are several others. My article is going to step through all of these. We can do this time and again.

Actually, this work is the fleshing of history that we really need to do to get a better understanding. The abstract'd view of History leaves much to be desired. Ever wonder about the appeal of the work of McCullough?

So, in this case, we will start with looking at Thomas Cranmer whose brother, Edmund, is an ancestor.

After looking at that one line, we can look for other examples, both from the trees of the other seven grandfathers and the grandmothers tree. So far, we have relationships via Catherine Howard, Mary Tudor, Jane Seymour, and Catherine Parr. I will be looking for some others via later generations.


Remarks: Modified: 07/22/2019

07/22/2019 -- We continue the theme by looking at connections on this side of the pond, motivated by reading about Julia (Ward) Howe (see connections of ALGS and JWH).

Research, TGA, Vol. V, No. 1

We're getting the next issue of TGA ready. The next post (Dr. Frank and Henry VIII) looks at one area of research that will be more common, in the future. We will continue to use Dr. Frank as the focus, due to his hard work and to the fact of being 1st cousin on the Gardner side. As well, we will feature Sidney Perley LLD who was a friend of the family.

Then, we are going to discuss research with respect to what we have done and our intent for future research. We would like to hear of other ideas, as well as see submissions of articles or of evidence resulting from research.

In short, we are always researching and blogging as we go along. After all, that was one purpose for the web (starting with HTTP allowing WWW). From time to time, we want to keep our records up to date. And, web-based information is great, but persistence requires converting to paper with articles (of all sorts) allowing proper formatting for future reference. Our work now will support future research just as we relied on Dr. Frank and Sidney and as they referred back to Felt and others. That's the way it goes.

We are using WikiTree for certain aspects of presentation, but the door is open. Technology? I'm a technologist and want to get at the guts of matters. Many older experts note that things are a mess. They are, really, folks. Thomas Gardner Society, Inc. intends to discuss this matter and demonstrate alternative methods.

When we get TGA_V_1 out, the plan is to get this volume together with the other four. We'll print and bind them with all nine volumes of Gardner's Beacon. That will give us one publication covering the research over the past ten years. It will be suitable for libraries.

Want to weigh in? The opportunity has always been there.

Remarks: Modified: 07/22/2019

07/22/2019 -- We look at a connection to Julia (Ward) Howe from the Gardner family.

Wednesday, July 17, 2019

Top Ten Things

Somewhat following a TV show of long running (what was the host's name?), an author wrote a real nice piece for the ACM Communications. For those who might not be familiar with the Association for Computing Machinery, they have been around since day one of computing. The Turing Award is their's as are other activities, such as the International Joint Conference on AI.

So, the piece was this: Tom's Top Ten Things Executives Should Know About Software. This points to the Queue article, but it's the same. The Communications was a couple of month's later. Now, let me just list the items.
  1. Software is not magic
  2. Software is never 'done'
  3. Software is a team effort; nobody can do it all
  4. Design isn't how something looks; it is how it works
  5. Security is everyone's responsibility
  6. Feature size doesn't predict developer time
  7. Greatness comes from thousands of small improvements
  8. Technical debt is bad but unavoidable
  9. Software doesn't run itself
  10. Complex systems need DevOps to run well
Everyone ought to read this little article and discuss it with friends. The ACM has allowed public access. And, the target audience are managers who may or may not know details of technology. But, this is a common set of concerns for anyone who might be touched by modern computing. 

I had the fortune to work for a company that was highly technical and was allowed to follow the technical track. The idea was to match up all levels with people with corresponding experience. This allowed some technical minds to get similar attention as a VP, for example. 

And, computing is full of problems now and will be more so going into the future. Hence, this focus with regard to the computing exposure of the Society. In particular, we are using TGSoc.org (see part of the discussion and devlog) as a platform for demonstrating issues as well as presenting information. Technology just keeps rolling along; we can tame what we have access to. 

In particular, lots of the approaches web handling have created even more of a mess. But, what is the average Joe to do? One wants a presence, yet all sorts of responsibilities, and potential downfalls, accrue. There is a lot to discuss, hence there will be these posts. Most of the technical aspects will be handled via our technology blog. This started at wordpress[.]com and has been moved to our own server. However, there have been posts in several of the blogs that I'm doing. At some point, I'll do a recap. 

The main emphasis is that every bit of added capability clouds the water. Some feel that web design is not real programming. But, I differ. Bad decisions can have wide impact (think of older people losing money due to not understanding the risks of using some of the modern tools - and I am not only just talking malfeasance - those who think that they grasp all of this need to rethink - hence, we'll continue to have this type of focus). 

I just received a 'cold call' note from a developer. Of course, I looked at the company. Too, I stopped to see what might be a good response. First, this image is from the note (I have redacted any particulars until I discuss issues with the party). It shows some of the capability that is offered. 

Our original effort was using OfficeLive of MS (supposedly to enjoy the asp environment). That went away and forced a look at the industry which was a great opportunity. So, I looked at Drupal, Joomla, and others. I even did a quick demo. Since I was doing a lot of research and writing, I couldn't spend a lot of time playing with the stuff and took a minimal approach, almost by default, which worked. Since I could, essentially. That went well for awhile, but, per expectation, new features came to be required. Each time, I took a minimal approach. 

You see, about that time, I saw several groups with stature going the same route. For one thing, the mobile devices caused several modes to be altered. Then, as that work was done, keeping a proper balance between devices (platforms) helped hone proper common views. Besides, technology crept forward which encouraged more demands for features. 

There is a huge change coming that makes experts cringe for all of the problems associated with it. But, let's save that for another day. 

I just talked to a 'cloud' advocate. Of course, there are plenty good reasons for doing things. Look around. The options seem to be never ending. And, languages and approaches are popping up all over the place. Where is the generality being studied? We need to look at possible ramifications, too, as we think of longevity. I am trying a 'cloud' experiment now and will report at some point. In the meantime, the thrust is to use our own server for TGS. For one thing, it demonstrates a 'local' mode that needs to be considered. Also, we'll try to use 'open' capability when we can. 

Quite frankly, all of this could be resolved easily with a few weeks of work. I  am looking for volunteers who either want to help or want an opportunity to learn a thing or two. Practice beats class work, anytime. We'll provide the necessary sandbox.  

Remarks: Modified: 07/18/2019

07/17/2019 -- This Manifesto comes out of concern for the future and is very much apropos to the theme of this post. Business is run by process; process will be largely influenced by computing. If business wants to cover its basis, then merely relying on the 'cloud' is other than smart. That is, 'infrastructure' has many connotations that are not being considered in current modes.

Tuesday, July 16, 2019

Massachusetts 400

Earlier, we mentioned Plymouth and Gloucester in reference to the upcoming 400th anniversaries. Today, Salem sponsored a meeting at the Hawthorne Hotel that included representatives from some of the earlier towns: Plymouth (1620), Provincetown (1620), Weymouth (1622), and Quincy (1625).

Not that we forgot the overarching view: Massachusetts 400. This seed for this was set by Executive Order No. 502, in 2008.

Using the list provided by the Massachusetts Bay Colony page on Wikipedia that shows the "Time of Settlement" in the area, one would expect commemorations for a few decades.

Early on, we are talking about the area around the three 'red' dots (Plymouth, Salem, Boston) which spreads out over time.


Remarks: Modified: 07/17/2019

07/17/2019 -- Changed to using commemoration.

Tuesday, July 9, 2019

Techie stuff

It's time to look at techie stuff, again. At our portal to truth, we have a page that summarizes our experiences since 2010 with an associated blog. Basically, we stepped from Microsoft (asp) to Linux while trying to maintain our research focus (2012 timeframe, 2013 update). This was the motivation behind our technology blog. From that early time to now, we have, mostly, rolled our own simple approach while surveying the industry.

And, do things ever change. This note is a stop and relook affair. We recently started to look more closely at Trello.com for several purposes. It has interesting features and a few wonderful applications done by clever folk.

So, for now, a list of comparison of applications of this type.
That's quite a bunch and only touches upon a small percentage of the class. And, in considering the other types of applications that can be used by a small business, we're talking a veritable jungle. Except, Trello is extensible through providing an API so one can still 'roll their own' which is not undesirable.

One option is to go with a more cohesive package as was being looked at earlier (Joomla, et al). Or, there is Wordpress which is the basis for our technology blog. It allows one to plug-in from many directions and build a huge package.

The quandary remains? What to do? No complaint. This is fun, as we can still keep working within our little domain covering 400 years of history while we tangle with a mere 15 years of computing.

Note: There will be a post in each of the blogs (TGS and technical) and entries at our site (What's new, technology and practice) that will pull this work together so that we can move ahead yet look at the pros and cons of choices being made.

Guess what? No regrets of the decisions taken so far.

Note: Choice of Trello, as a possible means, comes from talking to a grand-nephew (Steven Huggard - Full-stack developer) about modern methods and software. On looking at it further, the company is out of New South Wales. So, what's not to like? List of products from Atlassian. ... However, Atlassian picked up Trello (a whiteboard) from Glitch (formerly Fog Creek). And, Glitch has it own set of products, such as Stack Overflow.

Note: We would move the technical team from FB to a real project-oriented approach. Other suggestions would be okay. Email me at jmswtlk@tgsoc.org.

Remarks: Modified: 08/09/2019

08/09/2019 -- Started a project on GitHub which will lead toward coordinating several projects. See our PortalToTruth.

Wednesday, July 3, 2019

Gardner's Beacon, Vol IX, No 2

This issue of Gardner's Beacon continues our review which is leading to renovations to our processes and to our sites and looks to the future. As well, we will be looking closely at the work of Dr. Frank and Frances Rose-Troup with regard to the two Thomas Gardners who came to Cape Ann and their relationship. The older one was the brother-in-law of Rev. John White the Dorchester Company founder. The latter is the husband of Margaret and father of the American line of Salem Gardners.


In looking at the commemorations of the past, we see that the first of the U.S. (50 years) coincided with 200th of Salem. Also, we know that there are still things left over from the 300th. For instance, we think that Thomas needs a monument what with 400 years elapsing since his entry into the New World at Cape Ann. Too, what of the other families that were at Cape Ann? These will be researched, too. Some families were known 100 years ago when the Pageant of Salem was performed in 1913.

This  year, we will publish Volume V of The Gardner Annals. That would be a good time to print and bind all five of the volumes with all of Gardner's Beacon issues in a format suitable for contributions to libraries. We still have print copies of the first four volumes.

---

See Vol. IX, No. 2 of Gardner's Beacon for a review of research to date and more. Sources.

Remarks: Modified: 07/17/2019

07/17/2019 -- Changed to using commemoration.


Saturday, June 29, 2019

Back to DNA

The last post looked at the issue of two Thomases in Salem. We have two views on this that we will look at further in order to do a comparison. One was from Dr. Frank. As with everything, we have been following his lead as we got our bearings in order. Today, we looked at both of the books (1907 and 1933). His reference to Troup is the same. They had a correspondence, but there seemed to be no update. Part of this effort with be to go back and compare note to note (even between the two books - as we did with the person list).

So, Frances Rose-Troup provided us with her research results. She was working on the other side of the pond from Dr. Frank. She shows that the Thomas Gardner married to Elizabeth White did not have a son named Thomas. He had a Josiah to whom he left property. So, we went to WikiTree and searched on Josiah Gardner (here he is on WikiTree). Well, there is lots of work to be done with that tree, however his father is noted as a brother of the father of Lionel (Gardiners Island). Too, the profile manager provides his DNA results. Plus, he has lineage documentation.

Earlier, we dabbled a little with DNA and genealogy. The image is from a study as Family Tree. At the time, I got more interested in the technology issues, such as Admissibility, with the thought of getting back to the subject. Now is the time, it seems.


One truism is that DNA does not remove the need for lineage studies and documentation searches. The NEHGS has been publishing interesting studies where they have used DNA to resolve puzzles. We all know the author whose whole lineage was proven to be not true. His book dealt with how he recovered his heritage or the sense of knowing who he was. One might say, scrambling.

There are other sites dealing with DNA, so we'll start to look at those. Too, on WikiTree, there is a One Name Study for Gardner (and variants on the name). I have already added to the list of places with Gardner as name.

We had already widened the scope with the "All things Gardner" perspective (discussed in this post: Renovation, plus). So, the idea will be to be more fully extensive in coverage.

There is plenty to do.

Remarks: Modified: 06/29/2019

06/29/2019 --

Friday, June 28, 2019

Two Thomas Gardners in Salem

We are reviewing research results from the beginning, to now. This will be an iterative task over the next few months as we look at different themes. We will be making changes to our presentation material and format as we go along: Renovation, plus. Since we have a Cape Ann focus and are starting at before the arrival, the first two passes dealt with houses and sources of which there are many. So, as we go along, we will report. But, we will also built a coherent view that seems to be lacking.

Now, another theme dealt with the different Gardner families. There were several views of how many Thomas Gardners there might have been: A Thomas here and a Thomas there. Associated with that issue is this question: Whence came Thomas and [Margaret]? Too, when Roger Conant took the group to Naumkeag, we need to know this: Where was Thomas? What was the story concerning the early times? There is really no end to this.

Our intent is to be thorough, as much as we can, and build coherency as we progress. Too, we will be on the outlook for new material. Example of the latter was the 2014 find by John Cook of the marriage notice. This was taken further in 2018 such that Thomas is seen as having only two wives: Margaret anew.

There are many examples of the first part, that is being thorough. Our bibliography (History of New England) will record what we have accessed and read. We will be adding to that on a regular basis.

Today, let's look at Frances Rose-Troup's study of Rev. John White. This was published in 1930. She spent time looking at records and made some interesting finds. There are two that we summarize.
  • The Thomas who was married to the sister of the Reverend went back to England. "Her husband Thomas Gardner was one of two Overseers of her fathers will and clearly close to and trusted by the family. In 1623/4 as a successful yeoman farmer he was employed by the Dorchester Co to oversee the establishment of their first settlement at Cape Ann in New England. After about a year Roger White arranged for governship of the settlement to be handed over to Roger Conant and Thomas Gardner returned to England." This is quoting Rev John White MA (1574/5-1648) which is hosted at Dorset, England. As well, this Thomas did not have a son named Thomas. Too, he died in England and left a will.  
  • So, Rev. White is not the uncle of the Thomas of Salem of TGS, Inc. We know that there was the Thomas who was the father of the kids that are the focus of our work. These kids were the children of Margaret Fryer. Too, this Thomas died in Salem and was buried at Gardner's Hill (the status of his remains are unclear at this time). How did he relate to the prior Thomas that was related to the Dorchester Company? 
There were lots of tales of two Thomases. Dr. Frank said that he didn't see evidence of this. But, he didn't see the work of Frances Rose-Troup. The post (A Thomas here and a Thomas there) is a 2013 look at the issue. This needs to be brought up to date. It's early, incomplete, and indicative of why we are in the organizing mode. 

For the important themes, we will collect what we have. Also, we can point to additional work that was mentioned but not done. For one thing, the notion from the start was to be thorough and collect all that has been done. It needs to be brought to light for future researchers to not think that they have discovered some missing piece. 

Times are different than when Dr. Frank was working. It is much easier to do this type of consolidation. Too, though, there are technology aspects that will be of on-going concern. Hence, one goal is to have our work be used as an example. Many have started down this type of road, however, with regard to Thomas and Margaret, we'll cover the basis as best we can. 

So, as mentioned. I think that Thomas was related to the Thomas that married into the White family some way. If you look at the Dorchester investors, you will see Conant. So, Roger was sent to Cape Ann due to a business decision. Thomas was chosen, originally, due to family ties, I would bet. That was the norm in those days. He and Roger were not of the same class. Endicott, from what I can see from my reading, knew Thomas' background (talked to him). Called him Mr. They did several things together long before Thomas deigned (I said that before) to become a Freeman. Even in those day, the Church (of whatever variety and its people) was not all powerful. That has been a continual dynamic throughout history. 

It is significant that Thomas married a Quaker right in front of those ones, such as Endicott who put Dyer to the rope. Of course, they did some little fines with her not going to the services. Anything said about stocks, or whatever? 

Thomas seems to be tabula raza. He didn't leave writings. However, his sons spoke of him. Like, John mentioning Sherborne, Dorset. Too, they were well educated. That was due to their folks. Thomas talked to Rev. Hubbard who also talked to Conant (who bemoaned being handled improperly). We didn't see that published until almost 200 years later. Plenty of folks have reported what they saw or thought they saw. 

We'll methodically go through all of this stuff. Actually, already have. Blogs are the best was to organize this stuff. So, we'll use pages (see above (Tabs): What's new, FAQ, Page map, TMM - there are lots more). Plus, we'll write articles. That is what The Gardner Annals is for, in part. 

While working, we always look for new areas to poke into. So, the tasks build as more are pushed on the stack than are ever popped. And, we will get to (through) that (long list) by funding research. Also, there really is no limit in that all of the Cape Ann families need to be looked at. Right now, Conant, Woodbury, Trask, and Palfrey are covered. Why? Due to their being involved with the Old Planters - Beverly. In the beginning, it bothered me, a little, that these other families never mentioned Gardner. 

What was that? At least, Felt, in going through the records, brought out references to activities by Thomas. Dr. Frank wrote of some of these. So, Thomas was here. The kids are evidence of that. 

Did they talk of leaving? As in, what the Paine sisters wrote? You know, the stories of some going back to England or going to Virginia. Well, Thomas and Margaret and the kids were at Cape Ann. Having a good time. 

Lots to do. The 400th will have an entirely different feeling than did the prior commemorations. Oh yes. The 200th? A parade was mentioned (Chronicles of Old Salem). It coincided with the 50th of the U.S.

Remarks: Modified: 07/17/2019

07/17/2019 -- Changed to using commemoration.


Thursday, June 27, 2019

True stories

We are reviewing our material and looking at common themes, such as houses. While researching for Gardner's Beacon, Vol. IV, No. 1, I wrote this post: No shadow over Thomas. The gist of the matter was that a researcher was talking about the motivation for the land grant to the Beverly group, Conant, Balch, Woodbury, and Palfrey. It was noted that the gents were worried of losing privileges.

Thomas isn't recorded as having any reservations. So, we need to discuss that. Endicott called him Mr. Gardner. Whether we're talking strength of character, being knowledgeable, pedigree, or some combination of those and other factors, I have found no bad mouthing of Thomas. Well, Anderson noted the thing of some grave conflict. But, that was son Samuel's doing. Thomas was dead at that point.

So, what is this all about? Well, a recent comment, in a blog, says that Roger found a mess when he appeared at Cape Ann. What? They were quite well and taking care of themselves. From notes for Gardner's Beacon, Vol. II, No. 6.
    That brings up a new view though. Thomas' crew put together a house their first year. Too, they did come prepared and were successful in establishing themselves. The only failure was not having sufficient output to send back to the capitalists in England. What White may have wanted was for them to send what they needed to sustain themselves, but reasonable folks do not do that without the threats of the taxman or strong arm (those who came here were not serfs, in other words).

    When Conant showed up, he didn't find starving people. He found a boisterous group. The use of insubordinate shows White's failure (hey, some descendants of Thomas, such as Dr. Frank, have White on the tree more than once). The effort was not a military expedition. It was a plantation building effort.
I also addressed that, here Cape Ann, Retrospective and elsewhere. We need to focus on the events prior to 1623/24 plus a few years after. And, that means looking at the whole of the affairs.

Take Thomas Weston. Briefly, he is run up the mast several ways. The Maypole affair is associated with his group. But, this was a legit attempt at establishing a colony. We'll get back to this below.

First, there are several motivations, but I know of two that need to be re-addressed. Take Sir Christopher Gardiner. When I first read of him, I only saw the Winthrop-influenced take on the matter. Then, I ran into a re-write that is not generally used. And, found another. That is, the story that is told is not the right one. Propaganda?

Then, after I found out that Dr. Frank was a descendant of Nathaniel Eaton, I saw that he had not raised that to general awareness. Why would he? It's a mess, Harvard (and, we'll retell this story from the perspective of descendants). I have written several posts about this plus one summary overview of Nathaniel's life.

Okay, there had been several attempts prior to the Dorchester effort: Sagadahoc (1607-1608), Plymouth, and Wessagusset (1622-1624). Some minor ones will be added as we continue. And, we want to address these as well as other motivations. For instance, we have these notes for Gardner's Beacon, Vol. III. No. 3:
    Every March small ships of between thirty and eight tons, manned by crews of twenty to forty men and boys ... carried salt, provisions, equipment. Brought material for their boats. Took two months to get here. Put their boats together and fished.

    Split the work between fishing and salting. Fill the hold and return in autumn.

    Crews were gathered yearly by the master. Principally young, fifteen to twenty-five years old. Many were trying to get money to get established in their home area.

    At first, Newfoundland. Then, Gulf of Maine.
There were lots of reasons for people coming over. Whence, origins, and motivations will be a theme for further research for a long while.

Remarks: Modified: 06/28/2019

06/28/2019 -- Added image so that we can index.

Houses, again

Several posts have had a 'house' theme, as did issues of Gardner's Beacon. Early on, there was the realization that a house had been built at Cape Ann in the early period, prior to Roger Conant's arrival.

BTW, a recent blogger said that Roger found a mess when he arrived. No so. I have already written of this and will summarize what we need to do in the next post.

So, that house was the one that Higginson called the 'faire' house. It had been brought from Cape Ann to Salem on the order of John Endicott. Too, it was where John E fed John W upon his arrival. The theme of Gardner's Beacon, Vol. I, No 3 was Margaret's House. An early post said Thomas' house. But, we had it as Roger's house later. Then, of course, Endicott's. Well, Dorchester Company property is what it was.

As we look at the first year, we need to consider this house and things like its use.

There was also Ann's house that she shared with Joseph. Later, it was called the Bradstreet house. Well, it's not around anymore, but a recent blog entry mentioned the house. So, I had to comment: StreetsofSalem.com/2018/03/18/first-period-fantasy/. When Joseph was killed, Ann married Simon. They had a prenup drawn up by her. Joseph was a lawyer, as was her father and brother. So, this story needs a little more attention.

Of course, Sarah Balch had her house, in Beverly. Mary Coffin had her house on Nantucket.

Then we get to the Gardner-Pingree house which still has the Gardner name. I first became aware of this house upon reading the story in the Smithsonian's magazine. The same blog had an entry about this house. Again, a comment: StreetsofSalem.com/2018/07/10/the-most-beautiful-house-in-america-and-the-power-of-place/.

There are others with this theme. Another important post dealt with the Salem Fire of 1914. In reading the Chronicles, we can see that there had been other incidents of such type of destruction.

Remarks: Modified: 06/28/2019

06/28/2019 - Added image to post in our index at the Portal to truth.