Thursday, May 23, 2019

Memorial Day

We have our first post tying together records for a member of the collateral family. In this case, a tersely marked gravestone has been associated with the record of the widow whose record we manage. So, we can update as we research further.

It's  Memorial Day on Monday. The record was of a burial in a G.A.R. plot in Saugus, MS. The widow is the sister of a great-grandparent. In looking at the family clustered around those records, we see several Patriots from the Revolution as well as participants in other events.

So, we'll make a special effort. In this case, the stone only mentions the name of the soldier and his Regiment. We will fill in the rest of the information on the web. His record is tied with that of his widow which then points to our continuing research work.

You heard of augmented reality. This is that, in the sense of a physical gravestone being uploaded to the internet (Find A Grave) and then a link put in to his wife's information. Then, WikiTree is being used to support and help coordinate activities.

This is the stone that has sat there for over 120 years. There is no information about birth or death. But, after a little work today, I can add a few things. He was born in Scotland circa 1817. His death was before 1890 when his wife was documented to have a pension. She was Caroline A. (Blake) Ingalls. They had four children. Her family is out of New Hampshire. Need to check to see what might be in the cemetery records. In any case, we can 'augment' that.

Remarks: Modified: 05/23/2019

05/23/2019 -- BTW, this stone is of a Mayflower descendant and sits in a lonely, damaged way in the middle of the U.S. Of interest since it dates to about the same time as this one in Saugus. And, the burial was of a person of the Civil War time. I need to get back to this story. See Flyover Country. Also, he is a descendant of Major Hathorne.

Thursday, May 16, 2019

Massey's Cove

As mentioned earlier, we're going through Sidney's "The Essex Antiquarian." This is on-line at the Peabody Institute Library. Remember, Sidney was a friend of Dr. Frank. Besides, we like his idea of a walk-about. Quite frankly, his stuff matches up well with modern views (example: How close is close? II).

So, we are not taking them sequentially. And, I am paying attention to the walk-abouts that Sidney did. As, we learned about Gardner Hill (and Gardner's Bridge) from this work. Sidney sketched a map of Salem and the area as he thought it might look in 1700 from his walk-abouts plus reading the official records. So, these volumes are interesting from the first word to the last.

So, in Vol. VIII (1904), we see the area where we have Massey's Cove and the area that leads to Essex Bridge. In all of these maps, we look for obvious Gardner references. Many times, we find this in the text. But, we saw that a Henry Lunt had his name on a lot. This is a Newbury family that came in 1635. It's a grandson of the original water crosser who received land from his father-in-law.

But, you see Massey's Cove mentioned. On the other side, you see 'The Cove' which is now known as Collins Cove. We'll get back to that. On a search, we see an entry in Streets of Salem about this area. It was supposed by Sidney to be where Conant's little crew landed after their move from Gloucester (Cape Ann). Too, there was a painting (I'm trying to collect these - see Gardner Bridge above). It's theme is the first winter. we just did a post on the first year.

The Hardships and Sacrifices, Massey's Cove, Salem, 1626
In the comments for the Streets of Salem post, there is one mention that this might not be correct. So, we'll have to dig deeper in that controversy. Whatever the situation at Naumkeag, Thomas and Margaret were cozy in Gloucester (house and all). As we mentioned, the first idyllic on the American shores (Cape Ann).

But, getting back to the work of Sidney, one of the lots, it is said, had been in the possession of Thomas Gardner, Jr. It was in the area marked "Old Planters Marsh" which is where they got materials, such as thatch. The ownership went Balch, Balch, Gardner, Higginson.

That reminded us of Thomas, Jr. We have not heard much of him. On looking further (Dr. Frank's 1907 book), we see that he had a wide-ranging bit of land, including some that was above Ipswich River. So, we'll be digger deeper to get a better sense, including looking at all of the children.

Before today, we had not looked at this area and find it very interesting. Hence, we'll be going back through Sidney's maps and digging a little deeper than before.

Remarks: Modified: 05/16/2019

05/16/2019 -- Put in a comment at Streets of Salem:

Wednesday, May 8, 2019

Sidney's Antiquarian

Sidney Perley has been mentioned a lot over the years. He wound down his Antiquarian look at Essex County and Salem at the time that Dr. Frank's The Massachusetts Magazine was starting up. We probably ought to have a page for Sidney (will, at some point) as he did so much work. Too, he published Dr. Frank's early draft of the 1907 book on Thomas Gardner (Planter).

Recently, while researching a plate that was in Dr. Frank's 1907 book, I got into Sidney's walkabout. His maps are phenomenal. He showed where Gardner's Bridge was. He mapped other areas of Salem, as well. Too, he published material from the early records of Salem and other towns. These we will go through just like we did all issues of Dr. Frank's magazine.

For starters, here are pointers to all of the issues of The Essex Antiquarian that are hosted at the Peabody Institute Library.
This resource will be greatly used in the future.

Remarks: Modified: 05/26/2019

05/08/2019 -- While reading Volume VII, I ran across Sidney's story on Lord Timothy Dexter (page 107). So, I go to Wikipedia to see that they have: Timothy Dexter. Yes, there was a page, however there were issues related to sources. And, Sidney was not referenced. So, we'll correct that oversight. Too, the page on Sidney needs a little work: Sidney Perley. This is one example of many of continuing (curating) work that might get more attention as the 400ths loom for other towns.

05/16/2019 -- Lots going on that can get in the way, but we persist. The first of many posts: Massey's Cove. This came about by seeing Henry Lunt mentioned on one of Sidney's maps in an area downstream along North River. 

Tuesday, May 7, 2019

Which railroad?

We are in the process of finding maps close to the area of Gardner's hill. This was precipitated by seeing an early edition of Dr. Frank's 1907 book. Here are two posts to note:
  • How close is close, III? -- wherein we compare Sidney's walkabout with Google, again. 
  • Stephen Wilson Gardner -- original post with a photo of the dedication to Dr. Frank's father plus our attempt at a photo of the plate. There are other posts between these two. 
This map is really instructive. It shows the railroad that might have been seen in the 1848 view (2nd image - a decade before the Civil War). It looks like the choo-choo was either Salem & Lowell or the Essex. The Wakefield Branch is on the other side of the church. 

As an aside, Gardners left Salem. John and Richard went to Nantucket. Thomas Jr. went north. We need to look closer at that. George went to Connecticut leaving his daughter, Ruth, behind. That left Samuel and Joseph. Joseph was kill in the King Philip war. So, Samuel bore the Gardner name; he acquired most of what Thomas left in terms of real property, including Gardner Hill

Remarks: Modified: 05/08/2019

05/08/2019 --

Friday, May 3, 2019

How close is close II

Last year, a post asked, how close is close? It compared several posts over the years that asked, where is Thomas? As in, his bones.

Well, the graphic in each was way off. So, we will update this today and will follow up with an in-depth look at this particular concern of ours in terms of how the realization came about of what happened over the years plus start a look at Thomas' timeline.

What led to this review was seeing the plate in Dr. Frank's book (1907). He mentioned Gardner's bridge being visible. And, it turns out that the  plate was in the area of Main and Central in Peabody. Fortunately, there had been two paintings (1826/28 and 1848) of the area that helped fill in some notion of dimension.

We're looking at a small area. The South Church was attended by the Gardners (Dr. Frank's and Ann's ggps). Thomas owned a lot of this land when he died; he had it by grant, or he had purchased lots, or he had quietly homestead'd in the context of the time since the land that he acquired this way adjoined his.

At the moment, I'm perusing Sidney's antiquarian periodical for all maps and text that will be pertinent to writing the proper story.

Remarks: Modified: 05/16/2019

05/16/2019 -- Lots going on that can get in the way, but we persist. The first of many posts: Massey's Cove. This came about by seeing Henry Lunt mentioned on one of Sidney's maps in an area downstream along North River.

Essex county

This is our focus county for several reasons. It's nice that GenWeb has some information related to our focus. And, their resource page has the whole series of Sidney Perley's The Essex Antiquarian. Following is Sidney's review of the first issue of The Massachusetts Magazine.

A couple of items about Sidney. He quit publish in 1909 which is one year after Dr. Frank started the TMM. Lucie, sister of Dr. Frank, picked up Sidney's work and published in the TMM which published until 1918. 

Remarks: Modified: 05/03/2019

05/03/2019 --

Wednesday, May 1, 2019

Gardner's bridge

Earlier, we had a post that described a dedication by Dr. Frank to his father and that mentioned the plate that was in the 1907 book. The painting (from 1826) of the plate showed South Church, mentioned Gardner bridge on Andover Road (now Central) and showed a few buildings. We included a copy of the plate that was black and white. It showed some detail but was of the technology of the time.

Then, we found a later sketch of the area (1848). The church had changed in orientation and form. The view was the same. We also mentioned that we were amassing material since this is close to Gardner Hill. Finally, we got hold of a brochure that had a little more information such as identifying the buildings. The painting was in living color. It attributed the work to a different painter. Also, the year was changed to 1828. So, what gives? We included a link to (and a graphic from) the History of Essex County, Massachusetts, 1888, Volume 2. That was Dr. Frank's source. 

Today, we, again, show the 1826/28 view and a better reproduction of the 1848 view, except, it says before the Civil War. This is the same view. We will be gathering more information, however let's look at what we are seeing here. As, until now, the exact location was uncertain and the direction of the view was unclear. Too, Dr. Frank had mentioned Gardner's bridge.

South Church, 1826/28

These two views are the same. The straight ahead view is of Central. Gardner's bridge is now where Walnut Street is.

Notice the lower caption. It says, The South Danvers Observer which is hosted at the Peabody Institute Library. The SDO? Here is its directory. In the first year, it used the context to determine the year. So, we have Spring 1915, Summer 1895, Fall 1868, and Winter 1866. I found Winter 1866 by looking for images of 'South Church' on Google. On noticing the material in that issue, poking further was imperative. Great work.

In the Summer 2010 issue, there is some mention of Gardner's bridge. That helps set the orientation as shown on this map.

We will be looking further. The goal is to describe the area where Thomas was buried and to determine activities related to the area from the beginning. In the 1861 publication of the Historical Collections of the Essex Institute, there is reference to Gardner's brook near the South Church.

The bridge that Dr. Frank called Gardner has had several names over the years. There was a mill pond in the area which Dr. Frank mentioned. The bridge goes over the upper portion of North River (which had several names, to boot). Lots to pull together. We'll do it here and via on-line publication by Gardner Research. 

Remarks: Modified: 05/07/2019

05/07/2019 -- More on Gardner's bridge. We'll be updating the modern map's relationship with Perley's walkabout. 

Monday, April 29, 2019

The view, in color

Well, poking around, I see that the painting is there. Here is a copy of the page from a brochure. The page has details about the artist (Nathan Lakeman, see page 5) and the scene.

The detail is remarkable. Dr. Frank provided a reproductive plate based upon the technology of the early 1900s. This photo tells the tale of the progress of technology. Also, the painting is dated to 1828 rather than 1826.

On poking further, this is what Dr. Frank had to go on (via

This is an example of what we need to do and why. Tell the tales, even when there is a retell.

Remarks: Modified: 05/07/2019

05/01/2019 -- Added link to the South Danvers Observer. Also, new post about this theme: Gardner's bridge.

05/07/2019 -- More on Gardner's bridge. We'll be updating the modern map's relationship with Perley's walkabout.

South Danvers Church

If you look at the image near Gardner's bridge in this post on Dr. Frank's father (Stephen Wilson Gardner), you will see that is looking south'ish (more details as we study the maps) from Peabody Square in South Danvers. That image from 1826 is from Dr. Frank's 1907 book. He did not include it in the 1933 book. Why? For one reason, he had looked at the notes of Samuel Pickering Gardner who visited Gardner Hill in the 1820s and was upset that Thomas' stone had been moved losing any notion of where he was buried. Much to look at there. Or, it may be that with a later, more in-depth, look, Dr. Frank was not sure how to use this image for his analysis.

Now, we are not jumping to any conclusions and intend to dig deeper. Here is an 1848 view of Peabody Square. We can use the church as a landmark from which to center discussions. Notice the choo-choo in the later painting Those tracks are still there. Railroads, usually, did not move their right-a-ways.

Top image from South Danvers Wizard
As an aside, we have to talk motivation. For one, about 200 graves were desecrated in Essex County, Massachusetts. What gives? People are gaga about the witch hunt (yearly flimflam of Salem) and a few hangings (and Ann has these on her lineage as well as people from all sides of the story - Imagine a meeting). This has gone on for decades. Then, much effort was put into finding the hanging place which was near Gallows Hill, anyway. Where was Gardner's Hill? This was the first issue of desecration; evidently, that emboldened others. So many other questions come up.

I'm amassing material to use, albeit this is a real brief start.
Some must have already researched this area of concern. Any referral to earlier work would be appreciated. Based upon how long it took me to figure out that the body of Thomas was lost, though, suggests to me that a whole lot of additional work needs to be done. Sorry to have to say that.

There is a personal note in that one set of Ann's great-grandparents (one person from Ipswich and the other from Salem - meeting ground?) were married in South Danvers which became Peabody.

Remarks: Modified: 05/07/2019

05/01/2019 -- Added link to the South Danvers Observer. Also, new post about this theme: Gardner's bridge.

05/07/2019 -- More on Gardner's bridge. We'll be updating the modern map's relationship with Perley's walkabout.

Friday, April 26, 2019


We will be putting in a timeline related to the text shown at the portal which runs from 1592 through 2014 and to the theme of various blog posts over the years.

The following timeline is about events related to Thomas Gardner Society, Inc.
  • Website, September 2010 (
  • Gardner's Beacon, Spring 2011 (Vol. I, No. 1) 
  • First blog post, 25 Sept 2010 (
  • Articles of Incorporation, 28 April 2014 (signed)
  • First meeting, 19 May 2014 (Board of Directors)
  • Tax exemption, 29 April 2014 (Notice from IRS on 31 Jul 2014)
  • Portal, April 2017 (

Remarks: Modified: 05/01/2019

05/01/2019 -- Found a good example today, at the Peabody Institute Library in Peabody: The South Danvers Observer (see page 4). Nice timeline, however no mention of Gardner.

Tuesday, April 23, 2019

Stephen Wilson Gardner

We will have more on Stephen. But, recently, I had a chance to look at the first copy of Dr. Frank's 1907 book which he dedicated to his father. I took a couple of pictures and am excited about the research possibilities.

First, the dedication, transcribed:

      This first copy of this
      book I hereby present
      to my good father
         Stephen Wilson Gardner
      in slight appreciation of
      my debt of gratitude
      in receiving through him
      the honorable name which I bear.

                   Frank Augustine Gardner

      August 9, 1907

In the book, Stephen had marked up several pages. Also, he had left pages with some notes. For one, he had a list identifying some of his 3rd and 4th great grandparents. Last year, we filled in Dr. Frank's tree using his own notes which agreed with those of this father. This information has been transferred to Dr. Frank's page on WikiTree.

Then, for the first time, I saw the plate that is between pages 13 and 14 in the book. This is the description of the image:

      South Danvers (Now Peabody) Square in 1826

      This reproduction of an old painting in the Town Hall, Peabody, shows the encampment of the Danvers Light Infantry, the Middle Precinct
      Church (second or third structure), and the Andover road (now Central street) leading across Gardner's bridge over Gardner's brook.
What? Painted in 1826. That is before the issues started to crop up: 29 December 1674. Too, most digitizations just smudge up the painting. Well, I took some pictures and created this view. We know it is near Gardner's Hill. We can identify direction.

Note, please, we see elevations. So, that will be important. In the following, the leftmost piece is a copy from one of the digitized versions. Then, I split out the image with two closeups. The lower left is the left side of original image and shows the church. This was the Middle Precinct Church that we need to look at further (later known as the South Congregational Church whose congregation is still around).

Note, too, that the caption of the image mentions that we see the bridge over Gardner's brook, also known as Strongwater brook. In both of the photos, we see elevations. Also, the people are of the period. Finally, this is, very likely, an extant painting. Where is it currently?

Two image files with detail. 
The image, from two pictures, shows Gardner Hill (right side, behind the lamp post) if this is looking along the old Andover Road. Need to map out the distances (later post).

Remarks: Modified: 05/07/2019

04/24/2019 -- Dr. Frank didn't have the advantage, as we do now, of the aerial photos with improved mapping facilities plus the computational framework abetted by mathematical advances in the past 100 years. Sidney Perley walked the area and drew out his map (see the "29 December 1674" post mentioned above). Others did, as well. We'll see if we can find other photos of this painting. Too, the goal is a composited image which is about all that we can do. Reminder: I saw a quote once of someone saying that Thomas liked the hill as he would see the water. Was that North River, Collins Cove, or the waters of Salem Harbor? Or, even further? I will look for a better image of that page. Too, we ought to look for any painting of the area prior to 1830.

05/01/2019 -- Added link to the South Danvers Observer. Also, new post about this theme: Gardner's bridge.

05/07/2019 -- More on Gardner's bridge. We'll be updating the modern map's relationship with Perley's walkabout.

Friday, April 19, 2019

General Lafayette

The 400th season has started with Plymouth which kicked off with activities this year. Gloucester is planning for 2023. There may be others already at work.

At the same time, we need to look at the 200th which would have been the activities post the Revolution, the Quasi-War, and the War of 1812. We had movement west, such as seen with Jedediah Strong Smith.

The 300th had lots of activity about which we can ferret out information: Pageant of Salem. This time around we will have the web and will leave all sort of tracks.

And example is The Lafayette Trail which is following the travels of General Lafayette in the U.S. As this story tells us, a French Geographer has gotten attention and support for tracing Lafayette in his tour of America. Jedediah had already passed through St. Louis before Lafayette got there.

In his magazine (The Massaachusetts Magazine), Dr. Frank had authors who were involved in U.S. events during early and middle nineteenth century. One example is Judge Thompson who ventured west and returned to New England where he was a Judge. Franklin Benjamin Sanborn wrote about several of the earlier personalities.

As the 400ths unfold, we can follow the 200ths, as well, as raise the awareness of things forgotten or left behind.

Remarks: Modified: 04/26/2019

04/26/2019 -- Added image to use in the index at our portal to truth

Wednesday, April 10, 2019

Gloucester, 400th planning

We have just became aware of the Gloucester 400th planning committee's work. That will be a continuing theme.

These are the announcements, in order by time.
It was great to see the progress. We intend to be more aware and support the effort.

Remarks: Modified: 04/20/2019

04/20/2019 -- FB page: Gloucester 400. Also, we are looking, in parallel, at the 200ths (see General Lafayette) as the 400ths weave (see The 1st Year) through the coming years.

Saturday, April 6, 2019

The 1st year

Note: Gloucester has started its 400th planning.


A continuing theme will be the History of New England. Attempts at this theme were done early on. We will review those attempts. All through the years, there have been other look backs. What needs to be done is to develop a personal view. This will take time and effort and research.

We are now fifteen generations, or so, past Thomas' and Margaret's time in New England. Our modern life is far removed from what they saw on arrival. We want to look further at their lives from the beginning here as well as before. We can start a look back since we know more about Margaret. Since Cape Ann is the focus early, we will look at it time and again.

As an aside, let's see the remarks of Anne Bradstreet who came over several years later with the Winthrop fleet.
    "They were shocked," we see. Before leaving England, they were told that there would be a house ready for them. What did they find? They would have to share living quarters. We look at those quarters, below. 

    Not only was there lack of housing, later on there were too many people. As the report notes, eighty people had died in the winter of 1629-30. For the early crew, we have not heard that there were deaths.

    In comparison, the Popham crew (1607)went into Maine and lost no one over the winter. In fact, they also built a sea-going vessel. They gave up the colony since the leader had a death in the family, and no one wanted to take his place.  
So, what was it like that first winter and the next few years? We know that Thomas brought a house with him. We have written of this earlier. See Wikipedia (Great House - Cape Ann). Unfortunately, it was moved from Cape Ann to Salem by John Endicott. He hosted John Winthrop there when that party arrived on the Arabella. Also, Winthrop remarked about the house, as did Higginson, earlier.

This left photo shows a replica based upon study of material from that era. It was built for the 300th anniversary by George Francis Dow. It was two stories. John Goff wrote of the house as he looked into the details of Pioneer Village.

Most of the material for the house was brought with the crew. One expert remarked that the house had been built to move. After Endicott had it moved to Salem, it had an interesting history, ending up as part of another building in Salem.

Later, the house was extended with another floor added. The image on the right was drawn from memory and given us by the Conant family as they had lived in the house after Roger came into Cape Ann. One might say that this event was the first transfer of power, from Thomas to Roger. Later, we know that John took over.

Where did Thomas and Margaret go? First, consider everyone else was living in a wigwam. Houses were being built, but there was an issue of material as well as skilled labor. We see in the records that carpenters, for instance, were well received where ever they went.

The Bigelow family site has a couple of renditions that we can reference. The left photo shows the framework for the wigwam. Note that we are looking at a later rendition. When Thomas and Margaret arrived, the structure would have been more crude, not unlike we would see with a camping site today. There was a door on one end with the fireplace on the other.

Prior wigwam's might has only allowed for a small fire. We will be looking at weather, for instance. We know that several winters were quite extreme (General crisis) during the early New England period. For instance, the Thames froze in 1620. Several  years were very cool which inhibited farming.

The right photo shows the wigwam covered with rush. Some might have tried to use canvas. We know that a good weave of the rush would prevent water from getting in. Insulation would be a problem, though. And, heavy snow could be a contributor to collapse as well as leakage through melt.

Finally, on the left is an interior view from the Pioneer Village exhibit. The wigwam could have been considered cozy with a fire going, however the walls would shake with the wind.

After a snow fall, one would be hoping that there was no too much of a drift into the wigwam or along the access.These thoughts are apropos given that we are just past a snowy winter.

The re-look at history ought to take a bit of time. We can think about how to present this material. Right now, there are blog posts. Too, there is the index by image at our portal. But, the media choices today are quite wide. In every period that we look, we will try to find all of the material that may pertain that has been collected by other researchers. So, one benefit we expect to provide is a site where correct and pertinent material is accessible through time.

Remarks: Modified: 05/16/2019

05/16/2019 --

Friday, April 5, 2019

History of New England

There were several early tales from New England. In our Bibliography (which is a continuing bit of work), we have tried to collect links to on-line versions of these. Below is an incomplete list that has only some of the earlier ones. We'll pick one, in particular, for this post.

The motivation comes from adding in more text from The Gardner Annals, Vol. I, No. 1 in which we collected entries from various issues of Gardner's Beacon to our portal. The first introduction of this included entries from Thomas' birth (1590s) to his death (1674). Lately, we added in more from the period of 1675 to the present. The last entry was 2009 and related to the work of John Goff. While editing the text, I noticed reference to a 1747 work by Neal. He mentioned Joseph Gardner. So that precipitated a review.

From the bibliography:
This time we want to look at Neal's book. To set the stage, in 1887 a book looked at early works from which we could learn the history: Narrative and Critical History of America: The English and French in North America by Justin Winsor. The author mentions Cotton Mather's The Ecclesiastical History of New England from 1620 to 1698 (which is not on our biblio, yet) and says that Neal was a successor to Mather. Except, Neal was never here and wrote from material available to him in England. Hence, he took his knocks from later researchers. 

However, my attention was drawn to his description of the campaign in which Joseph was killed. So, let's look at the book in terms related to our themes. In Volume 1, Neal reports on a survey of Christian activity. He quotes a letter from John Gardner of Nantucket who wrote in 1694 (pg. 255) about the churches in the area. Neal was reporting this same activity throughout Massachusetts. Neal also spent some time describing the experience of the Quakers. He got criticized for this by later authors. However, the amount of material that he had access to was remarkable, given the times. Of the letter by John, to whom was this addressed? In this first Volume, Neal lists the prior work. So, we'll have to go back through that and expand the coverage to the other colonies, such as Plymouth.

Volume 2 starts out after the first forty peaceful years with the conflict with Philip. Hubbard, as well, wrote of these troubles. Neal references the book, so he must have seen the manuscript. Again, Neal is quite descriptive. The troubles were experienced out in Deerfield which is far afield. On page 13, Neal begins a look at conditions before Joseph's death with five others.

While reviewing the material, I saw one footnote regarding the Pequot War, which was earlier, that led to this book: Relation of the Pequot Wars (1660) Lion Gardener (we took a brief look at this family, earlier - Gardiner's Island). He does not mention Joseph, in particular, but he does have the viewpoint of a participant that ought to be of interest. 

Remarks: Modified: 04/20/2019

04/20/2019 -- We have looked at The 1st Year. Also; Gloucester is planning their 400th.

Wednesday, March 27, 2019

Collateral families

This post reviews various types of puzzles that we can encounter. We first addressed the issue of errors in October of 2010: Stories and unwindings. Then, again, in December of 2010:  Family traditions. The first post mentioned the variations on the theme that one gets in reading material on the internet. A later post looked 'Historic puzzles' which dealt with conflicting information on the web of differing age and provenance. To where does one turn after resolving an issue. We published two articles in The Essex Genealogist related to that theme (TEG, Vol 34).

With respect to Thomas and Margaret, we have addressed some of these. The FAQ is a start on an approach that might be reasonable. That was motivated, in part, by trying to assess what we really knew then (or know, at any point). One reason for the 'Remarks' section on these posts is to link to information known down the line. The 'What we know' post has additional comments dated from 2012 to 2018. Many posts are being updated as we add images for our index.

As would be expected, origins are a huge theme of interest. We found more information about Margaret. There have been many other viewpoints presented. Our intent is to gather these; eventually, we will publish them with some commentary. Examples: Neville in the tree?Thomas' sister Rachel?Who was on the boat?; Common query: Am I related to Thomas?; and more.

The work of Gardner Research will not be without interesting puzzles and knots. On the other side, we do not want to introduce more complication. Some errors have cropped up. They may have been typos (a couple of places, the wrong year for the publication of the 'Gardner Memorial' book). Others were not following up on sources (see below). Some were oversights (or new information came about). We address this issue on the Publications page of our portal and will be thorough in our handling of this type of change.

After we wrote a brief article about Dr. Frank back in 2015 (The Gardner Annals, Vol. II, No. 2), we created a record on findagrave for him. We found a grave record for his daughter, Pauline. In the article, we mentioned that her burial was in Whitefield, ME. It should have been Sheepscot Cemetery in Newcastle, ME.

We learned of this from Pauline's grandson, Philip Carlton Donnell. In researching his grandfather (who was the son-in-law of Dr. Frank), Philip C. uncovered many stories that can be told. As a brief introduction, this article in the Carnegie Institute of Technology Technical Journal (Volume 1, 1920) by Philip Stone Donnell provides a historic view: Three Years with the United States Coast and Geodetic Coast Survey. As we will see with his story, Philip S. was an officer in the U.S. Army and an administrator with the WPA.

Remarks: Modified: 03/27/2019

03/27/2019 --

Tuesday, March 26, 2019

General Crisis

The title comes from a series of articles dealing with The General Crisis. These were published in 1954 by a British Historian. The topic dealt with turmoil and troubles in the 17th Century, globally.

Earlier, in terms of motivation, we touched upon the topic of Plus or Minus the Arrival (1 Mar 2013) when I was still a newbie in this type of work. I think of this as the smoking cigarette post, due to the image that shows the Royal reigns during Thomas' years. Earlier, I had looked at a topic that relates to the General Crisis which was the Black Plague (18 Nov 2012).

Then, we started the 'annals' look with Gardner's Beacon (Vol. II, No. 6). I have been looking at these items which were carried into the first edition of The Gardner Annals. And, of late, they are presented on our new portal in random order with the intent to scroll. That got me to reading these to identify necessary changes which is pending.

Another of the events was a Little Ice Age. The Thames froze as depicted in the painting. Crops failed. I have run across accounts about life in New England during the time.

Several other events that will be of interest: the Thirty Years' War, the English Civil War, several areas lost a large percentage of the population, climate change.

Remarks: Modified: 03/26/2019

03/26/2019 --

Thursday, February 28, 2019

Another twist

We have unclear situations on both ends of Thomas' curriculum vitae (so to speak). Part of our effort has been an attempt at filling in pieces. We have more information about Margaret, now. But, 'whence' is an open issue. We have summary that will be updated from time to time. We have figured out that Thomas' remains were lost: Gardner's Beacon, Vol. IX, Vol. 1.

We know that Margaret and Thomas lived in Sherborne where they married and had the first of their children. Records suggest (absence of such) that the family moved. The children's name match those of the Cape Ann couple: Sherborne, Dorset.

In a discussion, I heard about a case in the Singapore where graves were dumped in a river to make room for a road. The families complained, to no consequence.

So, while looking at whence issues today, I ran across this blog post: These Forty-one Puritan Gravestones. It talks about gravestones being moved without the bodies. It happened to these stone twice.

Ah, New England was Christian? Or money hungry?

The significance with this post about the 41 graves are several. Trask is a Cape Ann family. Too, Sidney Perley mentioned that some graves had been moved from Gardner's burial plot to the Trask plot which was almost adjoining. That motivated this New Twist post.

Remarks: Modified: 05/16/2019

03/02/2019 -- No, forty-one was minor. Now, it's 200 or so. That's not counting those interned at Gardner's Hill. All in little Essex County.

05/16/2019 -- The map that compares Sidney's walk-about with Google is way off. That is because I was looking at landmarks and not paying attention to details, like distance. So, see this update: How close is close ? II. Here is the updated graphics.
Oh yes, we are now honing into the area. 

Thursday, February 21, 2019

Gardner's Beacon, Vol IX, No 1

This issue of Gardner's Beacon looks at the last ten years and considers our next steps as well as future activities.

Then, we address the issue of "Where is Thomas?" from the framework of several years of research. We feel that this is an important issue that needs to be addressed, finally. And, we intend to follow this project through until enough is known to 'put it to bed' in a reasonable manner.

For more detail on the map that is on Page 2, see this post: 29 December 1674. That is the day that Thomas Gardner died. The post summarizes a few things and suggests that this issue of Gardner's Beacon was in development. Last year, we summarized several years of queries: The Remains of Thomas. We will be doing another summary, soon, in the context of a continuing project and what we know so far.

We provide a little information about Abel Gardner, who was the grandson of Thomas and Margaret that owned Gardner's Hill and the Gardner burial plot after his father, Samuel, died. He is an ancestor of Dr. Frank and Ann and her siblings. So, this is the issue strikes close to home.

After that, we'll plan how to establish a permanent memorial for Thomas (and the others who were re-interned, at that time). Included will be discussions about a virtual experience of Gardner's Hill and the burial plot being developed.


See Vol. IX, No. 1 of Gardner's Beacon for a review of research to date and more. Sources.

Remarks: Modified: 02/28/2019

02/23/2019 -- Put in link to prior post, concerning the original internment. A few minor edits on the PDF and image files. Note about Abel Gardner.

02/28/2019 -- Update link for Sources. Will put a post, henceforth, related to each issue, as we did with Gardner's Beacon, Vol. VIII, No. 1.

Tuesday, February 19, 2019

Black History Month

We are a little late in doing this post, however we will have a couple more soon. One of our efforts, now, is to get a scrolling timeline view established on our site that is related to Thomas Gardner, the Cape Ann crew, and the U.S. over the past 400 years. The Gardner Annals Volume I, Issue 1 published our first attempt at collecting this type of information. Those annals entries had been first published in several Gardner's Beacons (see Volume II, Issue 6 for the first of these) and were interleaved for the TGA collection to report several events by year. In the TGA issue, we organized the entries into 'Before 1592', 'Between 1592 and 1674', and 'After 1674' which puts the focus on the life of Thomas Gardner.

The idea is to take these entries as an index (even Table of Contents), with additional information, and make it a learning device. Let me tell you about a case in point. Since the beginning, we have been working as if New England did not have any hand in the slavery issue. Beyond, we must add, providing the impetus for the abolitionist's efforts. We have written a lot about the long arm of New England, as in, Kansas is a State started by New Englanders for the express purpose of being an example of non-slavery life. John Brown spent a bit of time there, under his own and an assumed name. However, on reading Nutfield Genealogy, we see that Samuel and Moses Maverick were slave traders. Professor Gates, in his Finding your roots, recently had a descendant of the Mavericks who is a TV personality.

Yesterday, USA Today, in a topical article, had a side bar that was a timeline related to the African American experience in the Americas. The involuntary migration started early. I did not find this timeline on-line but found one that is as good: Key Moments in Black History. The first entry is 1619 and deals with Virginia. The USA Today timeline started post Columbus. So, we will be looking for other timelines on this subject.

Heather, of Nutfield, then mentions the 1779 Slave Petition. On further search, other sites came to fore, such as: Slavery in New Hampshire. Not picking on the State of Rev. Bachiler; we're just getting started. There have been several books on the subject of slavery in New England. I referred to one instance that dealt with Harvard.

Another book dealt with events in New Hampshire, including the petition for freedom by slaves of the well-known families, such as the Whipples. The Whipple slave was with his master when he signed the Declaration of Independence. The chapter concludes with a story of General Washington trying to get back a slave of his who had fled to New Hampshire.

So, given our themes of Culture, History and Technology, we will look at all aspects of life over these past hundreds of years, especially with an eye toward things that are still pertinent but overlooked (or, are unknown).

Remarks: Modified: 02/19/2019

02/19/2019 --

Reprints, Dr. Frank's books

While browsing today, for another post (to be published after this), I saw that there were books of Dr. Frank's for sale on e-bay. On a closer look, these were reprints and are fairly recent. So, for now, here are the links. There were three books that caught my eye, originally. But, on closer look, I see that there have been more reprints. So, let's start with these three to see what's up.

In the modern age, many have gone back and brought classics forward. So, it is good to see this effort. We will do a review after some study of the situation. As, one of our goals is a redo of Dr. Frank's work. However, we would use modern referencing methods and cover all of the children.  Too, we would look more closely at the collateral families. Dr. Frank did an excellent job given his time and the technology available.

  1. Thomas Gardner, Planter ( - this consists of an extract of pages from the 1907 book. The page provides buttons for 'Download', 'Read', and Amazon. Here is the Ebay link.  
  2. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, ...) and Some of His Descendants ( - Andesite Press - Ebay link) - the overview says "This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it." Amen. 
  3. Thomas Gardner, Planter (Cape Ann, ...) and Some ... ( - Franklin Classics - Ebay link) - Same as before. Different ISBN number. But, continuing: "Scholars believe ... that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public." Again, cannot disagree. 
We will survey some of the other publications and continue this theme.

Remarks: Modified: 02/27/2019

02/27/2019 -- Note left on FB on 02/19/2019:
    In following up on some research, I ran into some material about reprints of Dr. Frank's 1907 work. So far, what I have seen concerns the 1907 book and not the 1933 one. That might be due to some copyright constraints. Have to look further.

    One of our projects is to get Dr. Frank's work up to date. And, that would include a rewrite of the former material with notes added to bring in the modern view as well as introduction of new material. If we put in an image, it would be for effect.

                (link to this post)

    This post is a start at looking at the reprint phenomenon. They do image enhancements, essentially. There is a lot to discuss. We can, actually, get started on this now, after some work on ways as well as mean. Along with this work would be continuing upkeep of the website plus the blog (or two or three). We could have a lot accomplished before 2023/3 comes along.
02/28/2019 --

Thursday, January 31, 2019

Configuration issues

In the mode of continual progress, we are firming up some points, such as the use of native mode (html/css/js) at our main site. Along with this, we got SSL rolling so that we could have private business exchanges. Too, we added in Search at the main site and the blog. At the main site, there are no ads. For the blog, they are there until we get them turned off due to our non-profit status.

The main benefit is that they are formatted the same which gives us opportunity to build an index and much more. The image shows a search on 'Cape Ann' at both sites. One returned 36 results; the other gave us 56 results.

 Another development is that the NEHGS now has a genealogical tree builder. So, we will be looking at that this year. Last year, we finally got back to WikiTree and found it very useful. For instance, we go the Thomas/Margaret issue raised up and settled. As well, once I received some hand-written material that was done by Dr. Frank, I updated a tree for him that is almost complete. This goes back to Thomas and Margaret.

Dr. Frank featured
At the same time, findagrave has upgraded itself. So, I put in a virtual record for the Gardner burial plot (the theme of remain status will be prominent this year). There is a lot more to report. Our tenth year will be really busy as we get ready for the upcoming 400ths.

Remarks: Modified: 02/02/2019

02/02/2019 -- Search at the main site and on this blog are ad-free non-profit. We can start to build indexes. That is one task. What would they look like? 

Friday, January 18, 2019

Tenth year

The first diving into this type of work was in 2009, and the blog started later, in 2010. So we can take this time as an opportunity to do reviews and can offer this as the first post of the type that we will continue to do and update all year.

This list is brief. We will looking for other examples as we review all of the posts.
  • One of our first look-abouts was back in 2013 with a view to the 400th anniversary. At the time, the year was expected to be 2024, but one might, we learned later, argue for 2023. So, 400 is significant as we see from the already celebrating Plymouth folk. We will keep earlier activities in mind. 
  • One activity the past month has been to create and update an image index that maps each image into a blog post (see Right now, the images are in order by the year and month of the post, but we will are working toward a general search capability. In late December, we updated the chart of post counts by year and month and expect to map to over one-half of the posts. 
  • We also have the unfortunate task of following up on the question of "Where is Thomas?" As such, we'll leave no stone unturned. For starters, we have collected posts about Thomas and his character.  
  • There have been several contributors to our work. One example is John Goff who has provided several articles and commentary.
  • Another goal will be to get the first few generations documented which has been a standing wish for some time. We have one means, via WikiTree. We will be looking at the tree service being offered by the NEHGS. Other means (not ancestry)? 

On our site, other buttons are planned. Anyone interested in the development process can assist. Let us know. At some point, we'll start to itemize the new functions and their status as some will be more easily done than others. Too, though, the future issues will continue to be on the table. 

Remarks: Modified: 01/18/2019

01/18/2019 --

Monday, January 7, 2019

Gems of Salem

Gardner Research started in 2010 from a blank slate, more or less, using the wonders of the www; in other words, trolling the waters of the internet to see what we could find. The result? Lots of stuff, some of which we have organized. And, there is a lot more work to do.

As we have seen, records get digitized and come online. Sherborne, Dorset is an example as their records allowed us access to lots more about Margaret and Thomas. See the discussions on WikiTree. Notice two things: this is a profile of Thomas sponsored by a Great Migration Project using Anderson's book (1986); Margaret is given as Thomas' spouse and mother of the children. As well are records coming on-line, people write.

A very good example, that is relevant, is Early on, we saw an article by John Goff: Looking at Salem’s beginnings: The White and Gardner family contributions. This article published in 29 Dec 2007. That was eleven years ago; we saw it four years later and noticed that it mentioned Rev. John White.

One of our first activities was to start the Thomas Gardner (planter) page on Wikipedia and have added several other pages or links. A good example might be when there were news stories about Amelia Earhart's plane. Gardner Island was mentioned; so, we had to look at that (as we have with other areas: Gardner Junction, Gardner, CO, Gardiner, OR). And, John got into that story, too.

I well remember John's first email. He congratulated us as he had run across our Wikipedia tagging. I do not know if he wrote about Gardner Island, but we did discuss Gardner's Beacon. And, John was kind enough to contribute articles as well as provide other information to support our research (thank you, John). I thought that it might be a good task to itemize John's work, especially as it relates to Gardner studies. See the list below which is provided as a reminder to us to look further into the articles. On the list, too, are Salem articles that mention Gardner.

First, though, here are a couple of examples of overlap interest. On our Gardner Gate page (portal to truth), we just did a summary of some pre-arrival information (1 March 2013 - the 2nd most read post) pulling information from a series of Gardner's Beacon issues. Then, I just found this article by John -- Salem’s forgotten French heritage (7 June 2008) -- in which he details French activities in the area that became Salem. He mentions the discussions with the Native Americans. There are several articles that we will look at further.

But, another example, is the work that we did to track down information about the owner of the barque, Bostonian, that wrecked (Oct 1850) at what became Gardiner, OR (update - 30 October 2018). The original work was done in 2014 with an article published in The Essex Genealogist. The owner was a descendant of George of Rhode Island, though, two of his wives were descendants of Thomas Gardner of Salem. But, as well as the family information, there is a whole lot to discuss about the time (More on the Gold Rush 31 Mar 2016).

Here, I see that John wrote about a response to a query (1990s) from San Francisco (NAUMKEAG NUGGETS: Salem in the California Gold Rush 5 Jun 2015) about a ship that they discovered. It had been built in Salem.

From what I have seen, hundreds of ships were abandoned as crews rushed off to pan gold. That makes the Bostonian different in that not only did it bring supplies from Boston to San Francisco (July 1849 to January 1850 voyage - only four passengers - it was loaded), it went then to New Zealand (that was interesting, verifying that part of its journey), returned to San Francisco, and wrecked in Oregon is October of 1850.

Many went to California by land. We have researched that avenue, as well, due to our interest in the western expansion. Too, New England (and Salem) had the reach of a long arm. A third way to the gold fields was boating down to Central America, trudging across, then boating back up to what is now known as the Left Coast. This went both ways (many lost their fortune in that journey).

There are other examples in an endless set of things to research. So, gems, indeed. Finally, to a partial list of John's Gardner touch. Each item is marked by date; there is no obvious order, yet.
Remarks: Modified: 02/28/2019

02/08/2019 -- Recently, we got registered with Google as non-profit and have put a search facility on the sites. They are (will be) ad-free, once I get the administrative stuff completed. On the search page, I mention our manual effort at indexing. Now, we can get more serious. I extended the above list with some hits from searching on John Goff.

02/08/2019 -- Put photo of John Goff from 5 Jun 2015 article, Naumkeag Nuggets.