TL;DR -- Jared Sparks was born right after the Revolution and later served as Head of Harvard as the western expansion was getting into full swing to be derailed by the Civil War. This is a sparse post to set the framework which will be filled in as we learn more about Sparks.
Wednesday, August 31, 2022
Tuesday, August 30, 2022
TL;DR -- There is a lot to technology which will always be on the table due to its importance. In terms of the sea, Cape Ann folk know a lot. But, plenty went west to the huge interior and beyond. There, technology has different emphases. The railroad is one theme that we run into quite a bit. Too, communications will be more on the table as we get the early years settled. In any case, as we move forward, we have plans for how things will expand, however we do need some feedback.
- KATY, western railroad (2022) - looking at the middle of the country.
- South Danvers Church (2019) - had a copy of Dr. Frank's 1907 book in hand which brought the illustrations to fore. The area was near the bridge over Gardner's brook. Also, this church was featured in a painting referenced in the book. After some research, we learned some history. But, of interest to this theme, there was a choo-choo visible in the background of a later painting of the area.
- Which railroad? (2019) - turns out that there were two possible RRs that could have been painted in (prior post). One of Sidney's maps showed the railroads in the area.
- Alpheus P. Blake (2019) - while researching a veteran buried in the Saugus cemetery, we looked at the collateral families some of whom are relatives. One gentleman (uncle) had been involved with the founding of the Boston, Revere Beach & Lynn RR.
Friday, August 26, 2022
TL;DR -- Starting with the Plymouth colony (2020), there will be celebrations until 2073 for settlements across Massachusetts. Weymouth followed that this year (2022); Gloucester will be next (2023) with a special focus since that was the location of the Dorchester attempt. Then, we will have Salem (2026) and more. Those last two are of Essex County; hence, we will use this focus to explore more closely the site of the start of the U.S. as this effort was a lead in to the Massachusetts Bay Colony which then formed the core of New England (arguable assertion, of course). Let's put it this way, lots of the other colonies were the result of friction with the Massachusetts way, even to the extent of what is now Maine being under the thumb of Boston.
We posted last time about the Essex National Heritage Order and their Facebook page which shows two maps of Essex County, 1692 and now. This got us to thinking of the 400ths that are coming up. That 400ths post shows a timeline for Massachusetts (from Wikipedia) which covers all of the settlement's towns prior to 1673. We mentioned that Weymouth (Norfolk County) had their look back this year, 2022. Next up is Gloucester (Essex County) which has picked 1623 (some argue 1624) with respect to the arrival of Thomas Gardner's crew. The arrival particulars are still being researched as we continue to study information as it becomes available with digitization efforts.
The 400ths list is fairly long, so this post pulls out Essex County locations so that we can track events specific to the County. This list is in process and will continue after the 1673 cutoff of the Wikipedia listing.
- Gloucester, 1623 (the Dorchester Company)
- Salem, 1626 (was originally Naumkeag)
- Beverly, 1626
- Lynn, 1629
- Saugus, 1629
- Manchester-by-the-Sea, 1629
- Marblehead, 1629
- Ipswich, 1633
- Newbury, 1635
- Andover, 1636
- Rowley, 1638
- Salisbury, 1638
- Reading, 1639 (renamed Lynn Village)
- Haverhill, 1640
- Methuen, 1642
- Middleton, 1659
That list indicates that there could be sixteen celebrations from next year until thirty years hence. Some will be in the same year, such as Lynn, Saugus, Manchester-by-the-Sea, and Marblehead in 1629. There were latter starts of towns which split from those on the list. We will look at those, too.
We are talking the context of early New England, in particular, the Cape Ann Settlement (Wikipedia) related to the establishment of the Massachusetts Bay Colony which was the Dorchester Company venture lead by Thomas Gardner.
As this graphic shows, there were settlements prior to 1640 along the east coast. The English colonies are colored. Other colonies were of Swedish, France, and Dutch origins. Those of Spain are south of this area and not shown.
Thursday, August 25, 2022
TL;DR -- Little Essex gives unending reason for research. It was used for the purpose of discussing the gerry-mander phenomenon. This post looks at views of the county in terms of maps of its internal boundaries. There was a lot of shuffling in place, with lots of the changes happening early. We will be looking at that further.
We have had a few posts about the subject, Essex County; two of the posts mentioned the Essex National Heritage Area. The latter has been sponsoring events related to the upcoming 400th, such as a photography contest which resulted in tremendous photos of the little county that nestles in the northeast part of Massachusetts.
Expect that we will always include Essex County in our work as Thomas and Margaret started their American lives in Gloucester which celebrates its 400th next year. So, there will no ending to tales of the county even when we look at the western part of the U.S. in all of its grandeur. Our work has shown us the long reach of Essex County, Massachusetts, and New England.
Of late, we relooked, in a post, at the Gerrymanding theme which comes and goes from time to time, usually around election events. We had seen the graphic before and enjoyed knowing more about the subject.
Today's theme is just that. Let's look at a graphic from FB.1692) and now. When we were first researching the topic of Thomas Gardner (Salem Planter), we noted that the cities/towns of Essex County cover the whole thing. Out west? Many places have huge counties with cities/town sparsely around and about. So, one finds many lonely places (long roads to nowhere, some say). But, even back east, one can find the unpopulated areas.
Now, back to Essex county. Notice how almost all of the larger areas were split. Salem grew into Peabody, Danvers, and Middleton. Lynn split into three. Ipswich, Andover, and Newbury were trimmed. Only Gloucester remained somewhat intact, though it lost Rockport.
Salem suffered more loss in this sense? Not really, as the place still shines in the American imagination. Too, That was the 2nd place for Thomas and Margaret. So, many more things to look at and consider are there, awaiting attention.
Some of the changes happened early enough that the resulting entity can celebrate their 400th no long after others. Some changes were done much later. Lots to look at.
08/27/2022 -- Put link to the Lost Generation post related to the frontier.
Monday, August 15, 2022
TL;DR -- English. Has lots of French in it. But, post 13 Oct 1362, it was the language of England. So, let's remember that. We'll do our part.
This might seem to be an unusual post, though, there was some thought behind it. We deal with New England as a proxy for England and its culture and languages, in part. Over time, we might add. Let's look. We split 250 years ago, or so; yet, intertwining will remain.
First, though, we looked at Alfred's influence which was earlier. And, found this site: The English Language Project (warning: retro but run by professors). Now, we actually liked the layout (look at our portal - TGSoc.org) as we know of many sites that started in the 90s and still have the same look. One of these is our favorite that continues but with a newer approach taking most of the focus - look at This week's finds in mathematical physics - John Baez (see arXiv and Azimuth). But, they had several posts on the subject - The First King's English: Alfred the Language Maker. This was from 2013. And, this one article suggests that the 'retro' look is not indicative of unawareness. No, there is much of substance to consume.
And, now that we have time and motivation to get back to this, we have to make the effort known. The former has to do with duties and demands mostly being of greater quantitative scope than are those hours given us by the sun and its periods. The second has to do with their use of "October 13" as a day to honor English which is a series started in 2009, about our time of inception, too.
The image on the right shows the themes since the beginning (use the "Annual themes" link). For 2022, they have a very interesting theme.
- For 2022, our lecture will be on or near 13 October, celebrating the date in 1362 when a Westminster Parliament was convened that approved a Statute of Pleading that permitted the use of the English language in Parliament on the grounds that French was 'much unknown' in England. The Normans, Angevins and Plantagenets had up to that time ruled England in French. Then English was a forbidden and a despised language, but 13 October 1362 saw English on its way to becoming the twenty-first century's Global Language.
We will use 10/13 on our calendar, henceforth. About Alfred? The Great. These hits are the results of a search on Alfred at this site. Alfred hung around in the area where, later, Thomas came from. In 2015, the theme involved looking at the colony's use of English, say America.
This site will continue to be of interest. As an aside, in 2015, there will an 800th anniversary of Henry III's involvement with the Magna Carta (our Gardner Annals' article). This topic is apropos to the U.S. (its history and future) as well to technology, in general.
Saturday, August 13, 2022
TL;DR -- With Cornelius Conway Felton, we are at the start of the U.S. Civil War. By this time, too, we had the western expansion in full swing. Post the conflict, the railroad started to cover the whole of the country. One of Felton's brothers was involved in those events. So, our theme of Harvard and the U.S. continues.
|Quincy, Everett, |
Sunday, August 7, 2022
When I was a kid I was taught that the Mississippi-Missouri was the world's longest river (I went to school in Belgium). Now it appears to be the Nile or the Amazon. What happened?
When we were looking at rivers, we showed a map of watershed where that of the Missouri filled the whole of the center of the U.S. reaching from Pennsylvania to Idaho.
Answer by David Gray (not recent, but apropos).
Remarks: Modified: 08/08/2022