Friday, September 30, 2022

Gardner's Beacon, Vol XII, No 2

This issue of Gardner's Beacon continues with the context of our previous issue with respect to a regular presentation of ongoing work as well as reviews of common interests. The PDF has links to support further reading and research. As well, we have an on-line page for mobile-friendly presentation of the issue.   

GB XII, 2 (PDF w/links)

GB XII, 2  

See Vol. XII, No. 2 of Gardner's Beacon for links to Sources.

Remarks: Modified: 10/08/2022

09/30/2022 -- Word isn't handling links correctly on the write to PDF. One page has active links; the other does not. So, we're suggesting to use the WordPress issue until this is resolved. 

10/03/2022 -- Changed wording to mobile-friendly. Updated GB XII, 1

10/05/2022 -- Both issues moved to our new site: Our new site.

Wednesday, September 28, 2022

Rev. Higginson and family

TL;DR -- Cape Ann was a major start, after the dallying at Plymouth. Rev. Higginson had some 300 or so souls follow him to Salem. By then, the early party had moved from Cape Ann where Thomas Gardner was a lead in a crew who were to ship food back. Higginson was a preacher and wasted no time in getting started on that. His family? Interchanges twixt them and other families from Cape Ann and later. We start to look at this as an example of significance. 


As the 400ths look back at the Cape Ann event, we see it as an opportunity to identify, organize, and perform research projects on a regular basis. The past twelve years with this blog and with Gardner's Beacon was an effort at establishing a proper basis which will allow us to work and write. One of the tasks will be to look at families in a manner to allow a more coherent view going forward than has been given us to date. Partly, we are saying that this time around, we have the gift of the net (good and bad) to work with. This post is about one such family. 


Rev. Francis Higginson came over after Endicott and before Winthrop's fleet arrived bringing settlers on several ships. He was the one who wrote "we found a faire house newly built for the Governor" which we call the Great House that was constructed on Cape Ann and which was then moved from to Salem. See his book: New Englands Plantation; Or, A Short and True Description of the Commodities and Discommodities of that Country

For further information on the Rev., we can refer to research by his later descendant, Col. T.W. Higginson, who wrote of the Higginson family. We take a further look at Col.  T.W., below. Let's start a look at the family by considering the times and some of the ties with the Gardner family of Salem. In the Wikipedia post, Col. T.W. is quoted: 

They would have to build their lodgings for the coming winter from scratch. These were some of the first settlers of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the main body who would start coming in 1630 on the Winthrop Fleet. The Higginson Fleet set sail on the 1 May 1629, arriving in Salem harbor on the 24 June 1629, and was greeted by a small group of settlers, led by John Endecott.
The 1st year
English Wigwam

The bold/italics emphasis is ours. We had a post on the "First year" where we showed a photo of an English wigwam as envisioned by Dow, the Salem expert, during the 300th celebrations a 100 years ago. This type of housing went on for a while until there was an effort to coerce families into building regular housing. That was a distraction from the regular duties related to farming, fishing, et al. 


Hannah (Gardner)
One of the great-grandsons of Rev. Francis, John Higginson (WikiTree and #10 in book), married a descendant of Thomas Gardner. She was Hannah Gardner (WikiTree) who was a granddaughter of Thomas' son, George. They are ancestors of many Higginsons. However, Col. T.W., while a descenant of John, is not a descendant of Hannah who died. John's second wife was the ancestor. 

Hannah's gravestone was recently cleaned using a new method. She was buried in Burying Point Cemetery (FindAGrave #8141517). There are 32 Higginson and Gardner graves in that cemetery including that of her husband, John, and his ancestor, Rev. Francis. 


The graphic shows "Gardner" in his book and "Higginson" in Dr. Frank's book. There are many more overlaps than shown with these looks at the index of their books. Modern techniques will allow us to look at this. 

We got our attention drawn to Col. T.W. in that he came out to KS during the pre-Civil-War era to support the Free-State movement. He gave support to John Brown by being a member of the Secret Six (Wikipedia - our post) along with Sanborn and others. He supported the Old Planters Society from its beginning with Frank A. Gardner, MD.  

The Higginson family was of the Old Planters of Massachusetts and has ties to many other families, including Gardner. Later in this post, we look at Harvard connections. 

Col. T.W. gathered data and wrote of the family's genealogy in the same time period that we saw lots of family histories being written, as these were motivated by the 300th anniversary.  


With respect to the culture of Massachusetts, in general, we will be doing research in that area, such as we have with our look at the History of Harvard. Our first focus is on the Heads of Harvard. We started this work after reading about James Bryant Conant

Col. T.W. was a graduate of Harvard, as was Dr. Frank. On the post about Col. T.W. that we did here, we included three pages of images from his book which show reference to Harvard University (or College). The two were John Thornton Kirkland and Abbot Lawrence Lowell

Two Presidents of Harvard

The Higginsons are still around as are the Gardners and others. This post is a beginning and looked at some aspects of their history over the 400 years. Lots more is there to look at. 

Example: Used Swift, Worth, Higginson and Gardner with respect to blended families. We had several cases where a Gardner mother was one of a series of spouses leaving us step-relationship to figure out. 

Remarks: Modified: 12/18/2022

09/29/2022 -- Added link to the "Blended family" post. ... Also, Hannah was the granddaughter of George, son of Thomas and Margaret (Frier) Gardner. 

12/18/2022 -- Site with the wigwam image disappeared. So, grabbed a copy from the web's memory. 

Friday, September 23, 2022

Blended family

TL;DR -- Along the way, we have noticed that the family of one father and one mother, through all time, was more unusual than the blended type of family. We look at a couple of examples. Too, researching along a parallel path between families can help one find data. 


Thomas had two spouses, Margaret and Damaris. Margaret had one husband and was the mother of the Gardner children. Damaris has two husbands. Her children were with the first. Even with that, there has been some controversy over the years. Gardner Research got more information about Margaret, her parents, her birth, plus the marriage record. There still are open questions about the first husband of Damaris (see Samuel Shattuck). 

Part of the problem is that sources are sparse many times. Too, the 20th century gave us means and time and motivation to research. In the latter part, the computer brought complication. Yesterday, we were looking at some possible descendants. For instance, see Brig Gen J G Swift who had been on a descendants list a decade ago but which we could not prove. Now, we can show that there are Gardners (descendants of Thomas) who are closely related. But, the General is not a descendant. 

There have been other cases like this where the husband had multiple wives and the wives had multiple husbands. And, some had children by multiple spouses. And so, the fun. Let's look at two. 

We can start with Col. T.W. Higginson, who was the President of the Old Planters Society, helped support John Brown and the establishment of Kansas (State and University), who worked with Dr. Frank on The Massachusetts Magazine, and more. We will be paying more attention to him as we structure the Gardner story that will persist while being supported. His case is the blended family where the wife who was a Gardner died; Col T.W.H was from the second wife (see the 1st image in the Col TWH post). So, blended family with step relationships. 

This may also have been the case with Brig Gen Swift.  

Another example is the namesake of Fort Worth, namely General W. J. Worth. Notice, in 2012, we took him off of the descendants list as he has the "step" relationship with family members who were descendants. 

Williams Jenkins Worth
In many cases, the work is to map the children with the parents. When there is some importance involved, one family may make the effort to clarity these situations. Say, like the Dudley family, whose work has been helpful on several occasions. One adage is that by looking at the more prominent and public persons, one can find more information many times that might be useful. 

This situation was more common than not, perhaps even the norm, for the time. Given that we are going to honor collateral families, we will use a broad definition which is more than in-law. However, for lineage, of course, one has to follow the sources and what they say about the relationships which need to be biologically framed. 

Remarks: Modified: 09/28/2022

09/24/2022 --  Updated Col. W. J. Worth's post (from 2012) using information from WikiTree. 

Thursday, September 22, 2022

Brigadier General, Joseph Gardner Swift

TL;DR -- We revisit some work from a decade ago that we let go due to other demands on time and resources. But, having created a proper basis for future work, we can take a look again in all of these type of situations so as to tie up loose ends, somewhat. In this case, a name got our attention; but, we could not show a relationship. However, now we can in the more full sense that the 250th of the Revolution will allow. Assuming that technology continues to work, as well. 


Back in the beginning, we were putting together a list of descendants on the Wikipedia page. This work was back in the 2009 timeframe and was done by browsing the internet, looking at the work of others. At that time, the queries were manual. Nowadays, things have changed quite a bit to the point where one can run apps to do something similar. This can be discussed. Lo and behold, get enough automated stuff and wonders ensue (or pigs fly - we'll go on about this, in the context that is being called AIn't).  

Later, this approach was criticized, so we moved our list out. See References and Thomas, the son, as an example. Each of these descendant pages links to the other siblings. For the most part, we did not add anyone that we could not show support for. This post is about one of those possible descendants. Also, we changed the references to point to Anderson's work plus WikiTree which is using Dr. Frank's material. Of course, we need to reference and organize pointers to lots of work done by families over the years. That will be a  major bit of work. Including, we might add, results from the work of Gardner Research

Now, one name that we ran into was Brig-General Joseph Gardner Swift, the first graduate of West Point. The name is a tip off, but we couldn't find an association with Thomas Gardner of Salem, easily. After all, he could have been of one of the other Gardner families. So, we put off adding him to the list. 

Finally, today (22 Sep 2022), as we were looking at work of others (one with a last update of 2013), we saw the name which looked familiar. He is Swift-4880 on WikiTree. 

Looking at the General's record, one sees lots of Essex County and Nantucket families mentioned. Now, on WikiTree, we can see that he is not a descendant of Thomas Gardner of Salem. However, in the graph, if one steps back a couple of generations and does a descendants list, one see lots of Gardner nodes which indicate that the General had lots of aunts and uncles (and cousins) who were descendants of Thomas. 

So, this case is a perfect example of looking at collateral families to find information about the times and places related to a research subject. Doing that can work the other way and help find ancestors via their relations. 

Having been born in 1783, the General as too young to participate in the Revolution. But, he was actively involved with events prior the the western boom. He was in several places and has been associated with major projects. He was in Tennessee for a while trying to farm cotton. There is a lot more to discuss. Rather than go further west, the General went back to New York to apply his skills to railroading which became the backbone of the nation. 

We just looked at the topic of railroads in other posts: 8th generationRecap, again; Pace of change; and more. 

Remarks: Modified: 09/2342022

09/23/2022 -- This is an example, along with Col. TW Higginson and Prevet Gen. WJ Worth, of the blended family that was so common due to the problems of the time. 

09/24/2022 -- For completion's sake, we traced down the Gardner influence in the General's life. He was the sixth generation. Updated Col. WJ Worth's post (from 2012) using information from WikiTree showing overlap between the lineages of Swift, Gardner, and Worth. 

Water and air

TL;DR -- We got our sense of the 3rd dimension with bobbing in water. Other means for learning dealt with the ups and downs of land. We spent some time looking at the U.S. Interior. So, it's time to get nautical again, as some recent posts have noted. Today, we tie back to a 2015 book, as we look for Gardners across the globe, due to its information about families in Australia.  


Long before people could move by air, they dreamt of it. Those who came closest were the seafaring. That is, the landlubber might have wandered up hills and down into valleys which gives some sense of the other direction beyond that provided by our flat world's view. But, it was subtle. As, flat? One has to go almost a mile before discerning some delta with respect to height when on the plains of the world. Say, like those going to Oregon or Santa Fe on the trails. Except, they will tell you that Kansas was not flat which is the illusion seen from a car traversing the area at high speed. 

So, water was there for our use early. Later, air. These two modes have some similarities. They are dangerous. Except, air travel has nothing below. Waves might leave you momentarily airborne, but not for long. But, it actually goes deeper, as water and air are two of the primal concepts with which humankind wrestled. 

Now, the gist? We're moving toward setting up for long-term research where the 400ths will provide the means and motivation. And, this will go on for some time. The topics to cover are large, even with our focus on Cape Ann, Essex County, Massachusetts, New England and the huge U.S. provides some limits. 

We have an interest in things Australian (Through One's Family's Eyes, Susan Hollingworth) and so the below. Some of the generation of John's great-grand moved from Ireland to England, the U.S. and Australia. The 2015 book made a good stab at pulling together family information. 

Yesterday, we saw a reference to a nautical story on FB and, per usual, went looking for connections. Too, the skipper was a Capt. John Phillips who had an interesting life, being born on a ship in Sydney Harbor and at 17 going off to sea. The series, (Sea, Land and Air), had an article about him, as did the 3rd Dimension blog with a post (notice the date, Did You Know – April 1, 2022). That got us to thinking of various research themes that need more regular attention. 

The source of the story, it seems, after plowing through on-line debris, was an article in the papers back about 80 years ago that talked of an Aussie ship, SS Warrimoo, that crossed the Equator and the International Date Line on the eve of Jan 1 of 1900. Now, in doing so, the ship would have spanned several dimensional (modern context) variables: season, year, century, and more. 

If we forget that the century might not have started until 1901 (a choice for everyone), we can put much some, say passing, interest in the event. Why? Technology of the time would not have allowed proper measurement. But, then, the Fuzzy Logic of Zadeh will come back into vogue after the specifics of numeric modes have shown themselves to be problematic (one of the research themes of the TGS, Inc.). 

With the start of the reign of Charles III, we all can get back to appreciating our common heritage. In particular, we will be looking at Australia and its shipping venues, starting with John's family. But, we are looking to document the move of Gardner families to the area. As a reminder, we had one look at the topic with our research on the  Bostonian which visited the South Sea area prior to its shipwreck along the Oregon coast. We still have open research related to that incident. 

Remarks: Modified: 01/08/2023

09/29/2022 -- Added image for our portal. 

01/08/2023 -- We had another icon (Charles Thomson) come up for our 250th (1774, Continental Congress) and 400th (Cape Ann as one of the first of the capitalization attempts of history). 

Saturday, September 17, 2022

John Winthrop (educator)

TL;DR -- John Winthrop's post is imperative. He served twice, before and after the term of Samuel Locke, while he was a Professor, as well. 


We continue covering all of the Heads of Harvard (Wikipedia) with John Winthrop (Wikipedia) who served briefly before and after the term of Samuel Locke. With this post, we have covered all of the Heads of Harvard from Eaton (1636) to Cornelius Conway Felton (1860) which is a nice 200-year span.  

As we look at the Heads, we have done some research related to their families, mostly using WikiTree. The terms of Winthrop were in 1769 and 1773. Winthrop (WikiTree) is old Massachusetts being a descendant of the John Winthrop who came in 1630 with a fleet of settlers, many of whom were of families with old English pedigree. 

Later, we will post more about Winthrop's life.    
Winthrop died in 1779. More later (see following notes).



1. John Winthrop was a Professor of Harvard. We mentioned him earlier with respect to the early years of Count Rumford who attended Winthrop's classes as a youngster and will follow that theme a little further. Just added notes to the Wikipedia Talk page with three references to Rumford, including mention of Loammi Baldwin who attended Winthrop's classes with Rumford. 

2.  ...

Remarks: Modified: 09/17/2022

09/17/2022 -- John Winthrop, like some of the others, is kin which will be an interesting bit of study. 'kin' covers both aspects, blood and collateral (say, in-laws). This is a common occurrence in New England that provides endless amounts of research which could only happen with technological assists. 

Monday, September 12, 2022

Tours, of the real

TL;DR -- We are of the west and have been, for the most part. Though, the long arm of New England is always there. A couple of years ago, we looked inward after considering all of the naval modes that came about in the 400 years of interest. Or, if we were doing land studies, the wilderness was only a few hundred miles away. Lewis & Clark, thanks to Jefferson, opened a huge vista. There had always been those who traipsed the regions, early on with the Native Americans. Then, we had this rolling wave, technologically abetted, that ran over the landscape, carving it into pieces. Or trying to. Our upcoming anniversaries will allow us to relook (again) and to, perhaps, make ourselves and things better. 


This year, we ran across a photo of a cemetery. Looked to be New England. Or, any of the northern wooded  areas that abound. It turned out to be in the area of The Catholic Osage Mission which was established in 1830s to serve Native Americans who had been forced out west by President Jackson. This was the early group. Our post looked at the Mission and those involved. Of note was that this was on the KS side of the area, not the MO side (referring to a conflict that ensued three decades later). 

Today, their FB page pointed to a site (Woodbury Historical Tours - link only, no endorsement) which had an image that showed part of the Santa Fe Trail. On visiting the site, we saw an image which shows details of a very interesting trek that is planned for next month. The trek (technically assisted) goes from Kansas City, MO to Sante Fe, NM. In the image, one sees two major rivers. One is the Arkansas; the other is the Cimarron. We spent some time the past couple of years, looking at rivers as a boon and a bane

It is great to see this type of offering which we hope will become more prevalent in the future. The U.S. start is coming up (250th). The Frontier Century started a couple hundred years ago. Before then, we had the fur trade drawing people out west. One example is William S. Bent (Trapper, trader, rancher). Pertinent to this graphic (map) is Jedediah Strong Smith who met his demise somewhere in the area depicted by the lower part. 

JSS has a modern following that was organized in the Berkeley, CA area. David Woodbury (Historians discuss the Civil War) lives and works in the Stanford area. He is not leading this tour but has been active in publishing which caught our interest with respect to different attempts over the years. Say, TMM (Dr. Frank) which published some of the western visitors, like Col. T.W. Higginson or Judge F.M. Thompson. Or, even someone of the Sanborn family. 

One of our regular modes is to find New England connections in general followed by determining if there are further links to the specifics of Massachusetts, Essex County or Cape Ann. Woodbury was one of the initial investors and "comoverers" (quoting H.H. Crapo). Of course, a Woodbury is in Ann's lineage through Benjamin Brown Gardner, spouse of Lucy Foster Wilson Gardner which is part of the additional interest. Families moved far and wide over the years.   

Aside: We have done extensive research in the large middle of the country and have barely touched the whole of it. At the same time, given Essex County's shoreline, we have lots and lots of work to do with regard to the navalphiles. Then, there are the other cultures who were here, the various News (Spain, France, Sweden, and others). We like the middle given our landlubber modes. 

There were many trails. Later, before the railroads came in, we had attempts at systems for moving people and goods by coach. One of these was the Butterfield effort which leveraged off some work done by an Ipswicher of the Giddings family. But, we are getting ahead of ourselves. As we really need to fill in lots of holes with regard to those early families that came after Lewis & Clark left and around the time that Boone came in. 

Back to David Woodbury, he wrote a diary starting with the March 2020 inception of the lockdown. Some of his comments are funny, such as the references to the totally unrealistic views of some Zuckerberg - types (did I get that right?). And, these ones (immature lot) gave us the stupid web out of silly valley. For a while, Woodbury worked with Savas Beatie who seems to be out of Iowa. We ran into that state when researching what happened to the North American Review

We are regrouping and, so, expect more of these recaps that are motivated by what others are doing to help get the message out about American, its past and why it induces a dream state so readily. 

Remarks: Modified: 09/22/2022

09/22/2022 --  Added "no endorsement" with respect to the tours. We are researching the relationships. 

Sunday, September 11, 2022

England and US

TL;DR -- The transition of the U.K. from the reign of Queen Elizabeth II to that of Charles III allows us an opportunity to stop and consider the long-time relationships between them and us. We can track the 400 or more years of involvement; there is a 250th coming up of the resolution of our conflict; we are family, many ways, and therefore more for being allies than not; our cultural themes match up deeply; and more. The next few years will allow lots of discussion to come to fore. Too, it will be interesting to look at all aspects of our relationships. 


2 June 1953
Queen Elizabeth II's passing requires some reflection on our part about the long-time relationship between the colonies (and the U.S.) and the United Kingdom. Her recently-celebrated reign was 70 years long. With the inception of the reign of Charles III, we can look further at the 400 years of history, especially in terms of our good times and bad. 

From our start with the work of the Thomas Gardner Society, Inc, we followed the adage of letting those over there worry about the details on their side of the great waters while we looked at the American side. That limiting choice helped us in the early years to keep a focus, but we always had questions come up from our readers. Origins was a common theme for query. Questions of origins are for the most part associated with motivations

Too, as we got toward 2015, the focus on the Magna Charta ramped up. It was in this context that we got familiar with the scope of research being supported by the internet so that a major author could mostly work out of Salt Lake City but publish details about records that were in England. Of course, there has to be local work, as well, which we will be looking into.   

As an example, it was in 2014 that we saw that Sherborn records were being digitized which led to more information about Margaret Friar's life and her marriage to Thomas Gardner. At that time, we started the WikiTree effort, mainly due to the quality of genealogists working there.     

As we know, the 250th of the Revolution is coming up which marks the violent split of our two worlds. After that, there was a slow reconciliation, post the 1812 deal, which got us back to being strong allies as one would expect within families. For instance, the Cornwall Duchy is where one finds Dartmoor Prison which held Americans. So, we can look at many events in our research. The story of the HMS Resolute is an example.   

Below are two graphs. One shows the Monarchs from the time of Alfred the Great (lower graph) to Anne. This graph has Charles II who was the son of Charles I who was beheaded. There are two Cromwell terms on the lower graph. We have barely touched upon the subject of the English Civil War which played out here, too. Part of this graph, too, covers the colonial period. 

The upper graph goes from Queen Anne to Charles III. Her son died leaving George I as the main choice for King. From that time, we can track down to the turmoil of the split in two generations. Anne is a good place to start this graph. Her conflicts bled over here and motivated a Pamphlet War. It was this conflict plus the French-Indian affair that trained the colonials in military matters sufficiently to pull off a revolution.  

Monarchs, from 1707

As we consider motivations, there are many years and events to consider. For instance, it was the time of John, a few generations past William I, who is noted for sealing the Magna Carta. His son, Henry III, reinitiated the document. Henry VIII, much later, started the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company. Descendants of some of the members came to New England and founded the A&HAC of Massachusetts which is still an active group. There are many family relationships that are known, including there being U.S. ancestors of those in England. William Churchill is an example.  
The sons of Charles III are descendants of several families who immigrated to New England. 

Canadian Psychologist, Jordan Peterson, remarks that the U.S. and the U.K. have similar government divisions, namely the legislative, executive and judicial. The U.K. has an additional one which we might call symbolic and which is fulfilled by the Royal Family's involvement via the Monarchy role. 

One wonders about the absence of potential for that type of symbolic unification here. How is that void handled? The rich, famous, athletic, intelligent, military, religious, or other of a long list? 

Remarks: Modified: 09/11/2022

09/11/2022 -- 

Saturday, September 10, 2022

Shipbuilding in Essex

TL;DR -- The Smithsonian Museum on Main Street will be in Essex of Essex County to document the shipbuilding activities of the area. The former Chebacco was part of an effort that produced 4,000 vessels since the Cape Ann venture got that area going. 


Last year, we had a post on shipbuilding which was motivated by reading that had been done after taking a break from researching the huge interior for such a long time: Frontier century. We know that we need to balance sea and land, going forward. 

We looked at some New England (northern Essex County) efforts in this regard that might seem to pale, in a few regards, when compared with Boston's prowess. But, there was southern Essex County involvement, too. That expertise was applied to building a meeting house in Chebacco by the women in the area. 

82-ton Evelina M. Goulart
built 1927
Today, we return to that location, referencing it with another name: Essex MA of little Essex County which is (and will be) one of our main themes. Thanks to a Mass Humanities notice, we got informed of an effort by the Smithsonian Institutes to help document shipbuilding there through the facilities of the Museum on Main Street that is part of the Crossroads program. 

The website for the Essex Shipbuilding Museum has more information on the collaboration. Many photos might suggest that only the smaller craft were built at Essex, but the photo at Mass Humanities (image, at right) indicates that larger vessels were constructed, such as the Schooner Thomas E. Lannon

Big sister town, Ipswitch, has a post on shipbuilding in Essex. The Burnham family built ships for years (still do). One estimate was that the area produced 4,000 vessels since its founding. 

Essex was part of Ipswich, which is one of the original towns in Essex County with a 400th celebration year of 2033. 

Remarks: Modified: 09/10/2022

09/10/2022 -- Essex County

Friday, September 2, 2022

North American Review

TL;DR -- Finding out about the North American Review (NAR) and its 1815 start allows us to look at the whole of the 400 years (plus or minus) of existence of that which spawns the American Dream. Too, we can take some steps along the technical trails needed to look at humans and their toys. One late example is AIn't which we have already mentioned in several posts. NAR allowed us a change of pace with its long-time coverage of things/ideas related to the here and the far, across time.   


We have been traipsing through the history of the U.S., before and after the Revolution which is coming upon its 250th anniversary. Having started our work with the Cape Ann venture that was documented by Dr. Frank with regard to the families involved in the 1623 deal, our attention spread out in all directions. 

Of course, there was the sea, and Gloucester is looking to celebrate starting in January of 2023. Salem will have to wait until 2026. In the meantime, there will be a steady stream of MA towns and cities that can claim attention. Bringing in the outlying areas in New England will increase the scope tremendously. Then, heading south, we find that Virginia and its surrounds was New England, too. In other words, families from the same origins, many times. Western movement started real early with western MA and the State of NY being considered wilderness. Ohio was already being settled by the time of the Revolution. 

Naturally, we need to look north, too, as we pay attention to the area that split from the Patriot's view and kept their association with the Crown. Dynamics, there, played out for a few decades. The northern border of the U.S. was not established until the 1840s by which time there was a major focus on covering the area from sea to sea in the U.S. 

Several themes arose. One was the American dream. This post is about that. Too, we had a frontier century where a generation or two were lost sight of in terms of the paper that is important to the genealogist. There are so many examples to consider, but the reality of the situation is demonstrated by the Daughters of the American Revolution having a special group to help people work these types of issues in order to apply for membership. It goes under the title of "America 250!" and supports, as well, the U.S. initiative of America250.  

In our look at this country and its start, we have covered the bases with respect to the activities of people, including those of the regular folk along with those of the more privileged. As we research, we always keep in mind four things: New England, Massachusetts, Essex County, Cape Ann. The first has a long reach, as we can show with innumerable examples. Say, Lawrence, KS, started by a group (including men and women folk) who journeyed in the 1850s out to the area, had lunch on Mount Oread, made their oaths to support the place, left a few hardy souls, and returned to their homes. Mind you, the transportation, at that time, was not yet modern. 

Too, though, this gets us to the theme of the post: New England left its heart in the middle of the country. The North American Review (NAR) is the best argument that we can find for that. 

In our work, we looked at various literary print attempts, such as The Massachusetts Magazine and the Southern Literary Messenger. We just ran across the NAR while researching Harvard's Head (long story). Mostly that seemed to be drudgery until we ran into the consecutive terms of Jared Sparks and James Walker. We are not done, yet, with our look at those gentlemen but expect them to be central to our various themes (not yet specifically itemized but apparent implicitly via all of the posts that we have done). 

But, later in his life, Jared Sparks was an editor at NAR which started in 1815, in Boston. On researching this magazine, we found much to ponder. The Community of Literary Magazines and Presses (CLMP) gave a brief summary. See Wikipedia for another bit of history. The NAR published continuously in Boston until 1940. It was rescued and printed out of Cornell College in Iowa for a time. Currently, its support is the University of Iowa which has a noted history in literature and its purpose. 

On a quick look, all of the issues of this magazine past a date (need to determine) are digitized and available several places (Hathi Trust, Google Docs, Archive[dot]org, and elsewhere). The early issues (1815 and on) are available. Sampling some of the topics over the 200+ years showed that this magazine was American, in spirit, and deals with the dream and many other things. 

That brings up the topic of coming posts. Boston allowed the heart of American to move west. We will get into that. Leaving what, though? The Atlantic left, too. 

A huge motivation? AIn't will be making huge claims in the near future. There is nothing related to this stuff that is beyond literary freedom and marketing. Now, mind you. Robots are something different. We are not talking working mechanisms. Nope, we are talking mere bitstreams founded upon hardware that we can see upon which is software and firmware. These things allow 'buckets of bits' to spawn 'airs' (chimeraic ethers) that pull the brain toward dynamics that need to be understood. 

 Analog? Look at Jung's take on the mania of UFOs with respect to things like a collective unconscious or other types of influential properties that science has not yet tackled. 

Now, one might say, Friday night musings? Nope. The Thomas Gardner Society is stepping up to make truth engineering its interest as one prime way to handle this type of mischief which might seem to be rational and conscious, given the mathematics involved, but is not. Diving (the use of deep learning is really a misnomer for AIn't) deeper can show just how illusory is this stuff. But, those involved are of several types. 

Where is the platform for discussion? 

Remarks: Modified: 09/03/2022

09/03/2022 -- Started the edits. Completed, for now. 

Thursday, September 1, 2022

James Walker

TL;DR -- James Walker followed Jared Sparks as Head, both of them sixth generation Americans. He had several accomplishments; however, one huge impact came from his support of Charles W. Eliot being named Head. 


We continue covering all of the Heads of Harvard (Wikipedia) with James Walker (Wikipedia) who followed Jared Sparks who is of so much interest (sixth generation (child of the Revolution era) and representative of things left to research). This post completes the list to Thomas Hill, except for the two short periods of John Winthrop. 

Portrait from
Harvard Square Library 

As we look at the Heads, we have done some research related to their families, mostly using WikiTree. The term of Walker (1853-1860) who was born in Massachusetts followed that of Sparks (1849-1853). And, like for Sparks, Walker does not have a WikiTree profile. However, Wikipedia does identify his parents. 

Taking a look at the trough of the www with "John Walker - Lucy Johnson," WT still does not show up; but, there are lots of people interested in this family. Too, Harvard has a bio, James Walker at; this site will become a regular resource. After looking at the bio for James, we sampled a few to note that a personal history can appear. So, we learn that Walker's father, John, received a commission of Maj-Gen from President John Adams in 1798. 

Note: Biographies of notable Unitarian Universalists and other individuals relevant to the liberal religious tradition.

Later, we will post more about Walker's life.    

Walker died in 1874. More later (see following notes).


1. Looking further at the Harvard Square Library, we see that Walker was instrumental in getting Charles W. Eliot (Post in this blog) into the Head of Harvard position. 

2. We will use Walker as a pivot with respect to generational issues that map to U.S. history, in a full sense. A slight delay might be seen here as we traced several threads which came up while reviewing Walker's term. Too, Queen Elizabeth II left a legacy that parallels U.S. history due to her long reign's touch of almost half of the 20th century. 

3. ...

Remarks: Modified: 09/17/2022

09/17/2022 -- Added in the list which points to related themes.