Friday, July 31, 2020

Preview, Gardner's Beacon, Vol X, No 1

TL;DR -- When will the next issue of Gardner's Beacon come out?  


Our last issue was Gardner's Beacon, Vol. IX, No. 3 which published in late December. We had anticipated an early spring issue this year but are a little late. Part of that has to do with the uncertain future that we are all facing. So, we have a lot of unknowns while going forward, some of which we hope can be resolved earlier than others.

Technology has shown its use in ways that were unexpected, albeit there might have been a hope. For one, interest in managing demands for streaming video resulted in a beef'd up set of communication modes whose presence turned out to be useful for people locked up at home. As well, business found great use for the facilities, as will we (see for ongoing discussions and demonstrations).

A hundred years ago, Dr. Frank's The Massachusetts Magazine quit publishing which was puzzling when we first started to look at the archives as he had excellent contributors. But, later, we were reminded of the Spanish Flu and WWI. That was a couple of years ago. This year really brought it home as we cannot have much to say about when things will quiet down. Nor do we have much to say about what the new normal might be. Just like our ancestors made it through those times, we can expect some future event that will include a thoughtful recap. However, just as the Spanish Flu was around for over two years, we might expect something similar or not. A vaccine would cut the time; a much longer time would not be outside of the realm of possibilities.

In the meantime, we will be reviewing the past decade's work while thinking of how things ought to progress. Too, we will be publishing the next issue of The Gardner Annals (Vol. V, No. 1). With that volume, we can go back and restructure material to put into book form. We expect to have a couple of issues in Vol. V. There is still time to contribute (

While doing research the past few months related to the American Revolution, we have been considering how the periods line up and overlap. So, we're facing the 250th of that event soon, about the same time as the Cape Ann celebration. Then, we have the post-revolution periods related to the growth of the U.S. in stature and wealth. In looking further at the GSMD books on the fifth generation, we saw that Dr. Frank had come forward to the seventh, for some parts of the family.

However, too, one could see that the 4th and 5th bore the onus of the attainment of freedom. Then, it was the 6th who carried on with the new country. The 7th? The first to enjoy the fruits of those turmoil that the earlier generations face.

Remarks: Modified: 11/10/2020

09/29/2020 -- We're making progress: GB Vol X No 1

10/28/2020 -- Yes. It's at the virtual print shop (where PDFs are created ;>). 

Wednesday, July 29, 2020

Generations, 1907 book

TL;DR -- The table shows four of the lines in Dr. Frank's 1907 book.


The earlier post listed the first and last person for each of the generations in the 1907 book of Dr. Frank. The table summarizes the lineages where we can see that Thomas, George, and Samuel were the main families with the last having the most coverage, basically from Dr. Frank's work on his lineage. Our next step will be to go to WikiTree and do another table based upon the work there that is being driven by the Great Migration Project.

In this table, all surnames are Gardner.

1 2#2 Lt Thomas#3 George #6 Samuel#6 Samuel
2 3#12 Lt Thomas #22 Samuel#59 Abel #59 Abel
3 4#62 Habukkuk #69 John #79 Abel #82 Joseph
4 5#87 Habukkuk #90 John  #129 Simon Stacey #133 Joseph
5 6
#139 John #188 Jonathan    #192 John
6 7
#197 Elizabeth#345 Benjamin Brown

Comparison list between 1907 and 1933 books.

Remarks: Modified: 08/09/2020

07/29/2020 -- 

Tuesday, July 28, 2020

Generations, again

TL;DR -- Starting with  Dr. Frank's 1907 book, we begin a look at the generational stack with the intent to go to WikiTree, next.


Lately, the generation theme has looked at major events in the U.S. history, starting with the Revolution. That was the ordeal of the 4th and 5th generations. Then, we had the 6th and 7th that were involved with the expansion of the American sphere of influence both internally (western expansion, et al) and in the world. Part of that was generating wealth, unbounded, for some families. At the same time, there were turmoils to consider. So, we will be trying to organizing these topics and the corresponding studies with respect to generations using several (actually many) families.

In terms of time spread of the generations, we can use the Mayflower example for comparison. Say, during the Revolution, we would have had people from the 4th, 5th, and 6th generations involved. Too, there may have even been some remnants of the 3rd and early entrants of the 7th generations around and about. The theme is, though, that 'cohort' is a useful concept which can be used to help with the categorizations. Using generations allows us to have a focus on families.

In his 1907 book, Dr. Frank starts the 3rd generation with #12 Lt. Thomas Gardner (bp 1645 - 1695), son of #2 Lt. Thomas Gardner ( - 1682) and Hannah (pg 101).
  • He starts the 4th generation with #61 Thomas Gardner (1671 - 1696), son of #12 Thomas (pg 134). This generation includes #69 John Gardner (1681 - 1732), son of #22 Samuel Gardner (1647 - 1724) and Elizabeth Browne (pg 140). 
  • He starts the 5th generation with #87 Habakkuk Gardner (1707 - 1762), son of #62 Capt Habakkuk Gardner (1673 - 1732) and Ruth Gedney (pg 162). This generation includes #105 Capt Jonathan Gardner (1728 - 1791) who served in both the French-Indian and Revolutionary wars (pg 178). Also, included is #129 Simon Stacey Gardner (bp 1743 - b 1787) who is the 2nd-great-grandfather of Dr. Frank. (pg 195). 
  • He starts the 6th generation with #139 John Gardner (1739 - 1805), son of #90 Capt John Gardner (bp 1706 - 1784) and Elizabeth Putnam. (pg 198). This generation includes #188 Jonathan Gardner (bp 1773 -1839), son of Simon Stacey Gardner (pg 283), and concludes with #192 John Gardner (1793 - 1834), son of #133 Joseph Gardner () and Anna Edee (pg 301). His daughter, #368 Harriett (1833 - 1887), is the last person named in the 1907 book of Dr. Frank. 
In the details for generation six, Dr. Frank gives information about the children and grand children. That gets us to the 7th and 8th generations. Given that we want to use Thomas' children as the 1st generation, Dr. Frank has given us a start on looking at the first of the seven generations. In that last generation, we will be looking at the U.S. Civil War.

Earlier, we did a table that listed the names in the two books. This list will be extended.

Remarks: Modified: 07/29/2020

07/29/2020 -- See next post for a Table of names from above.

Sunday, July 26, 2020

5th generation

TL;DR -- Marked by the arrival by boat, it was the 5th generation that bore the onus of establishing the new country. The 6th generation got things going with regard to progress and growth of the country. The 7th generation were the first to see proceeds start to accumulate.


Here, we are looking at a broad-scope generation rather than for the 25-year assumption that can be used for a family. We will use some lines of descendancy from Thomas and Margaret and a few of the closely related families. As well as look further at the 6th and 7th generations, we have to note that the 5th generation from Thomas' time was responsible for the start of the U.S. Here are some posts related to the theme of the Revolution and its follow-on conflict, 1812. 
Spirit of '76
There have been several issues of Gardner's Beacon with the theme of the Revolution. Given the sacrifices of the 5th generation, we can set the tone for looking at the 7th. In this list, some are related to the time of Thomas and Margaret. Otherwise, they may be related to another colonial which we will identify.

Looking at the Elizabeth's that we featured, earlier in posts, their generation (fuzzily picked, until further notice) is 5th. That wasn't planned.

The list is in order of the posts.
It was the mention of the first Elizabeth in the American Ancestor's magazine that got the little study going. As noted, an Elizabeth (Gardner) Armory was mentioned even earlier; that was in reference to the "1st governor" reference that we saw in Dr. Frank's books. 

Remarks: Modified: 08/09/2020

07/26/2020 -- The 4th was involved with the Revolution, as well. They were trained for this via their support Crown in the French Indian War of the 1750s. We will look at that generation, as well.

07/28/2020 -- Have done several posts related to generations: 5th generation6th generation7th generation1900 backAmerican 100sFirst five, and About generations.

08/09/2020 -- Added image for our portal to truth ( 

6th generation

TL;DR -- The 5th accomplished the split from England; the 6th workhorse'd the 1812 ordeal; the 7th enjoyed the fruits of the labor of the prior two. Essentially.


We can note that the fifth generation was involved with the start of the U.S. Too, there can be a focus on the seventh generation as the first to truly enjoy the benefits. International trade boomed after the 1812 conflict was resolved. Lots of families became quite prominent from various commercial activities.

So, what of the sixth, the sandwich generation? Well, we are doing this exercise to start collecting some notion of the descendants of Thomas and Margaret. The GSMD based their silver books on the fifth generation. We used a George descendant to look at the GSMD (Deeper dive - we'll have much more to write) and its relation to our goals. There were many intermarriages twixt people in Essex County and those in the lower set of counties.  

Also, we wanted to come further toward 1900, as that would include Dr. Frank's generation. However starting with the seventh has some appeal as they experienced the U.S. Civil War.  

first issue 
A cousin of Dr. Frank's was mentioned in a book review (WSJ, May 30-31). The book was about Colt (pistol king), but the reviewer took a look at some of his cohorts. One was Rufus Porter. That got our attention. As the George descendant is also a Porter descendant, through Hathorne as is Dr. Frank. There were two major Porter families (one of Essex County and another of Connecticut). John Porter of Essex County was neighbor of Thomas Gardner. Two of John's daughters married Hathorne. The daughter of one of these couples married the grandson of Thomas. This couple was buried near Thomas on Gardner's Hill, and their grave is one of those that needs further research. Though, their stone is in Harmony Grove Cemetery (see 29 December 1674 and several related posts). 

Rufus Porter via Wikitree

The book reviewer was noting that there had been a upsurge of industry with Rufus Porter's generation with lots of invention going on, the western movement, and wealth creation. Rufus, himself, went to California. What caught the eye, initially, was that he started Scientific American in 1845. He sold it, but the magazine made note of his passing. 

Having been born in 1792, Rufus was on the late side of the sixth generation.  We have not established a start year or end year, yet, but will be researching a reasonable selection. Perhaps, one approach might be to pick some example of the 5th (First five), 6th, and 7th generations for each of the children. And, picking both a son and a daughter, not necessarily the same couple, might interesting.

Remarks: Modified: 07/29/2020

07/28/2020 -- Have done several posts related to generations: 5th generation6th generation7th generation1900 backAmerican 100sFirst five, and About generations.

07/29/2020 -- Have started to follow the generational lines, first using Dr. Frank's demarcations.

Wednesday, July 22, 2020


TL;DR -- we will be offering some bit of abstract with regard to a post's content early on.


We first paid attention to this while working on Quora. This is definitely an artifact of types of modern technology but seems to have a purpose for us. By way of background, Wikipedia is our normal first stop.
There are other means to accomplish a similar purpose. For now, we'll just "TL;DR" and hope to get additional attention via merit.

Remarks: Modified: 07/22/2020

07/22/2020 -- 

Tuesday, July 21, 2020

Murrey and blue

TL;DR -- We found a new blog, today. 'new' in that it's less old than our own. We expect good things to be read at murrey and blue. Of course, this note being done later, we can fix an oversight: somehow, we forgot to mention William Marshal (without whom we would (might well) be speaking French - having lost the language of King Alfred the Great).


We had a question recently about motives for people coming to New England, early on. We, more or less, have liked the overview given by the author of Albion's Seed which we first read in 2016 while first exploring all of the ways that New Englanders continued to move after their arrival. We can map out the movement through time. For Virginia, one can see a map that shows the extent of its reach plus the counties defined at the time from the beginning. The expansion was west, at one point, with a limit of the Rockies and points west later on. But, we know that there were eventual constraints, with  West Virginia being one of these.

In Albion's Seed, early New England (Thomas Gardner et al) were reconnaissance. The real deal started with Winthrop who represented on pathway of which were were three more. After the Revolution (coming up 250 years ago), the expansion started in earnest. However, there were facilitating changes, such as the establishment of the Cumberland Pass through which we had people going west. There is a lot to look at. In the case of one family, we found a hanging of an abolitionist minister out in Texas before the major conflict that split the country in the mid-1800s. Three years ago, we looked at the experiences of Col. T. W. Higginson a little further north. There have been conflict and turmoils continually throughout the U.S. history and before.

On FB, recently, we saw a post from the Richard III society. We have had posts about him as it involved the long War of the Roses whose aftermath was of importance. Too, his body was found and re-interned which brought Richard III's life back to attention which got several posts here. Too, other blogs came into existence. One of these is "Murrey and blue." 'Murrey' describes a color that comes from the mulberry fruit.

The post asked: What really happened in 1385, when the Earl of Stafford’s son and heir was killed on a Yorkshire road ...? It was the first time that we read this blog which covers the subject well with illustrations. A name caught our eye: John Holand. The family was familiar for several reasons.

As an aside, it was nice to see history covered, as the whole of the themes related to this was muddied by the Game of Thrones playing loose. We can say that the media, such as blogs, that are coming to fore will allow a more full look at history in ways not possible before technology got off the ground. And this 'murreyandblue' blog gets into detail that is quite refreshing.

Back to the theme, John's father was Henry Holand of a Lancastrian family. Henry married Anne of York. His territory included Dorset which got us to look at the Domesday Book of this region. One of our goals is to keep a long view of history as we proceed with learning more about Thomas, Margaret and others of the Cape Ann venture. So, we expect that we will be looking further at this blog and its cohorts as we pursue our studies further.

There is another view of motivation: The Great Puritan Migration. I like this blog, however, I don't know that we can assume that Thomas and Margaret came here for religious reasons. We had a post dealing with Origins - motivations. One thing looked at were the beheadings associated with the War of the Roses.

Another good one is that from the New England Historical Society. There are a lot more blogs to look at.

Postnote: Back in Holand's ancestry one will find several characters from the time of King John and the MC. We have had posts on those topics. One name to bring forward beyond the interest that has been shown in literature and the arts? William Marshal.

Remarks: Modified: 07/22/2020

07/22/2020 -- Added an image and a TL;DR.

Wednesday, July 15, 2020

Cumberland Gap

TL;DR - Looking at the eastern part of the west, where getting to the other side of the Mississippi was an issue. But, Boone got us out of the trap that held up traffic. Too, the CP church grew along side the expansion of the frontier helping us now with their records.


While researching further with regard to movement west, after the Revolution, we have been using several families. We became acquainted with a split in the Presbyterian Church that resulted in the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. That is a topic bearing more attention. But, following a 'circuit rider' around got us to the Fort Worth area of Texas before the War with Mexico.

And, that? New England's long arm stretching across and influencing the country. This is a real dynamic, folks, and bears some study. Again, we might add. With technology, we can look at this stuff in unprecedented ways. So, we'll get back to that. For now, let me remind everyone that we are tracing movement both west, southwest, and south out of New England. Our GSMD work was an example of that which we're deep diving into, stepwise.

Let's pause to reflect. This image is a prelude and a precursor (oh yes, let's look at the whole of the trek back 200 years ago). This image is showing movement west out of North Carolina (it's a long way to Oregon). There are modern-day highways that we can talk about just like we proposed that Jedediah Strong Smith laid out the California Interstates.

Yes, BTW, Davie Crockett was a member of the Cumberland Presbyterian which is still separate however it is merging with a split that was done earlier, the Cumberland Presbyterian Church of America. One thing to note: CP is a collection of small churches in many places; as opposed to the other view of things that goes huge (cathedral like).

Anyway, we were poking around looking for some information on North Carolina as the principal players of the CP came out of NC. And, found this blog: Carolina Frontier Settlements. Per usual, we looked for Gardner, either in the context of All Things Gardner or looking for collateral families.

We found Fay Webb Gardner's little scrapbook. It starts with some hand-drawn charts. And uses some type of form reminding me of the book that Dr. Frank utilized to do both of his lines by hand. Also, in looking at these pages which include some prose, we noticed O. Max Gardner. Okay. He was Fay's husband and quite successful. Too, he and she were involved with the Gardner-Webb university that we looked at earlier.

But, stepping back to the west. We are dealing with the early stages of wagons west where people got to places before the government followed. And, they were remote. So, we can go on about differences in types (stay at homes - like in the lockdown or the go abouts - most balance this). But, in the old days, when you were on the frontier, you didn't have Bozos there delivery crap. No, we need really need to write about this. It's not unlike Thomas' and Margaret's experiences on Cape Ann and beyond. But, they were effective; to wit? The kids.

Remarks: Modified: 03/05/2021

07/15/2020 -- I read today that one of the CP Ministers who pioneered in Texas, establishing a church in the Fort Worth area, was hanged due to preaching abolitionist's views in 1859. He was a young man. This is one of those things where one sees all sorts of different views on the web. Hence, our portal to truth has become a focus.

07/21/2020 -- Book on the subject of Texas lynchings: Eternity at the end of a rope ...

08/06/2020 -- Changed the title to Cumberland Gap which is a pass through lower-central Appalachian Mountains. One could think of this pass as a training group for those who were going to proceed further west. One had to get teams (oxen, horses) up and down non-normal elevations with wagons of various sorts that were heavily loaded. Even in the crossing of the next piece of the U.S., there was struggle. The journey by wagon from Independence MO to Fort Larned KS on the Santa Fe Trail took about three weeks of daily grind. Once past the plains, then there were more mountains, such as the Rockies where we find Cumberland Pass (10K feet higher). Of course, one is still, then, only a little past 1/2 way if one was going to Oregon or California. One fact is that those moving west were always ahead of the record keepers so that one finds holes in the story of a family. Sometimes, these can be filled in; other times, we get what's known as a brick wall.

08/28/2020 -- Two names that will be coming up, Daniel Boone and Zebulon Pike.

03/05/2021 -- On rivers (waterways and barriers). 

Saturday, July 11, 2020

American Ancestor database

TL;DR -- Wherein we see that our publications make it into the NEHGS database.  


We will be getting back to our bibliography and other collections in the near future as we work toward defining our 'app' view. There was a query the other day about the motivations for people coming here. We mentioned Albion's seed where the Plymouth, Cape Ann and are Massachusetts efforts were seen as reconnaissance. Nice to be pigeon-holed. But, we have written other posts on this theme: Black deathOrigins - motivations, and more.

But, the discussion got back to this History of Massachusetts post: The Great Puritan Migration. We like the site; too, we get a local focus which is nice, albeit we do have to broaden the scope as we go forward. That is, of the underlying database which needs to be inclusive. Then, filters would be one of the many options offered to tailor views. Of course, always have some thread back to Thomas Gardner, Cape Ann, and those early times. With we need to add, filler material that follows families all the way to now. We have already started this with The Gardner Annals.

Recently, the American Ancestor's database was updated with TEG vol 34 issues. It was in the Spring of 2014 that we put out our first article in a common framework. That went on for over a year after which we got involved in activities that were associated with the purpose of a wider view. Too, it was then that the Quora facility became more popular, hence we have published many posts there that relate to the themes of our research. Plus, Quora is an interdisciplinary framework upon which are great looks at any of the technological advances that face us while many times being a puzzle. One truth is, 'code' is needed for proper management of truth, or maintenance, in other words.

So, due to the availability of the first three articles, here is a pointer to them within TEG v34 (each link requires one to be logged into NEHGS' site). Next up, we hope would be Vol. 35 with more articles, one on Dr. Frank.

Remarks: Modified: 11/10/2020

07/12/2020 -- Earlier notifications dealt with the articles being indexed within the NEHGR: v34 in 2016, v35 in 2017

Friday, July 3, 2020

7th Generation

TL;DR -- We look at the 7th generation from the early arrivals.  


In the last post, we looked at a lineage for the GSMD and decided to pay some attention to the parents, first. That got us to looking a the 7th generation which is motivated by the Mayflower 5th generation project which we looked at with respect to the question of "how long is a generation?". In the case of the Plymouth folk, that generation went from before 1698 until after 1757. That is, much longer than people talk about a generation.

Note: see 5th generation, 6th generation. The former for the Revolution in conjunction with the 4th generation. The second with the start of the real progress of the U.S.

There have been several issues of Gardner's Beacon with the theme of the Revolution. Given the sacrifices of the 5th generation, we can set the tone for looking at the 7th. In this list, some are related to the time of Thomas and Margaret. Otherwise, they may be related to another colonial which we will identify. 

The original list has been pared down to two entries. We will update this list for the near future as we write several posts as we look closely at the issues of identity, lineage, and such. 
  • Lucy Foster Wilson Gardner who was grandmother of Dr. Frank. 
  • Lyman was born in 1819 in New England and died, and was buried, out west. In between, he was in several states, so we have to go through that. Too, Lyman's father was out west, died there, but was taken back east for burial. Some of Lyman's brothers were out west too; enough were in the east so that we can do a major east-west (least-best) summary of things. After all, this is mandated by the 'flyover' thinking that is still around. 
  • Another family of that era had a traveling preacher (see below) who was born in 1814. This was the time when the data of frontier was captured in church records. We will look at that family more closely, later, as it involved Mayflower, to boot. 
  • For Dr. Frank, the seventh generation is his father, Stephen Wilson Gardner (a late 1835). BTW, Dr. Frank is related to Lyman who was from the same Porter family as was Dr. Frank's ancestor who was married to the sister of John Hathorne and who tried to help Rebecca Nurse before she was 'hung' (using that, folks, as this is an old word - modern connotations are bogus) by the neck. 
  • In his tree, John Lowell Gardner, born 1804, is in the seventh generation. Dr. Frank wrote of this family in his 1933 book, so we'll be back to them. 
  • Tying into the look at Elizabeths, we would have Elizabeth (Gardner) Blanchard as the fifth generation with the seventh being her granddaughter: Elizabeth Cabot Blanchard (born 1809). 
  • The daughter of Lucretia Mott would be of the early seventh generation having been born in 1793. 
  • Aldophus Greeley, of the Two cousins, would be seventh, too. However, he is of the later time, having been born in 1844. We will look at his cousin.
  • Last year, we saw a photo in an on-line situation where old photos were discussed and detailed. We identified the person: Thomas Needham Gardner who was born in 1804.  
  • ... many, many more will be added
The 7th generation is a nice start since we now have people approaching the 12th generation. Too, we are close to the 250th of the U.S. Revolution. Next up, we will look at Lyman and his wife, Caroline, prior to revisiting their daughter, Chloe. 

Remarks: Modified: 11/03/2021

07/04/2020 -- The 4th was involved with the Revolution, as well. They were trained for this via their support Crown in the French Indian War of the 1750s. We will look at that generation, next.

07/28/2020 -- Have done several posts related to generations: 5th generation6th generation7th generation1900 backAmerican 100sFirst five, and About generations.

11/03/2021 -- Added Lucy Foster Wilson Gardner.