Sunday, March 29, 2020

Necessary but invisible

This post continues several threads related to the early times and now. Consider that one of our foci will be expansion out of New England. Today, we're looking at an area that also was in the sights of the southern New Englanders (VA and its surrounds). As well, we mentioned the forgotten before in another context. But, we will continue to bring to light activity that is essential yet very much under appreciated. Say, like hospital and their issues, until some catastrophe happens.

Let's look at early, first. As we noted, John Gardner (son of Thomas and Margaret) was with a crew that map the Merrimack. Winthrop had requested the work, so it was later than 1630. The Gardners were involved with very early surveying in Salem (pre-1630). One son, Abel, of John's brother, Samuel, married Sarah Porter. Their in-law was Putnam. This is one link; there are several Putnam-Gardner links that we can look at.

So, let's now see what got us to this point. While browsing music on youtube, a George Jones tune came up. It said that Curly Putnam had been the writer. On looking further (and, we have had a series looking at places and their names - where New England families are involved - to wit, the whole of the Lawrence KS area), we got pulled in. Anyway, Putnam also wrote 'The Green, Green Grass of Home' which was a hit in the '60s (Welsh singer, Tom Jones, for one). Also, Curly had been born on Putnam Mountain, in Alabama. Well, that's far south. But, we know that the enterprising New Englanders went everywhere. So, what Putnams are these?

Well, looking at this brought up several facts, however there was a slight redirection as a real gem came up. It is a history of a type of surveying by the Bureau of Land Management. This is in the Department of Interior. It may be that westerners are more familiar with this organization, however it was mentioned in Dr. Frank's Massachusetts Magazine in the context of the more northern area (Montana, et al). Can we relate that western with the southern?
First of all, it mentions Ohio. This where the work of the expansion was coordinated. Mind you, it is also on the western side of the Appalachian lines. These go to Alabama. Then, the history goes into the 'events leading to the passage of the first land ordinance' which is of the time of the Revolution. We have mentioned the 250th anniversary coming up. 

Then, the history goes through the periods which eventually get to western Georgia that was first covered by Mississippi. Alabama was split from that. Given this great effort, details had to be read and appreciated. We will get back to the changes in technology and how they influence the activity. This type of work continues albeit largely different than in those days of Jefferson. There is still the meridian issue. We see a joggle all of the time where a correction was made to a road (essentially, two 90 degree turns, in one case). 

Some topics need further attention. The first area was the Seven Ranges. After the land was mapped, the American government made choices. Early on, debt relief was a major motivation. BTW, Ohio became a state in March of 1803. It was the 17th. 

Who was one of the "organizers" of the Ohio Company? General Rufus Putnam. He is the "Father of the Northwest Territory." Remember, he is cousin of Israel, the General, as well as closely related to Ann Putnam of Witch Trial fame. 

Back to  Curly Putnam. He mentioned that his family had been in the timber business. So, we will look at that more closely. Too, though, the railroad went into that area. A few decades later, the U.S. Civil War came about. We are looking at the periods before that. 

On another note, the Cherokee were in the area and forced west (Another Western Movement). We will look further in to that, as well. 

Remarks: Modified: 03/29/2020

03/29/2020 --

Saturday, March 21, 2020

Jonathan Letterman, MD

Everyone knows about the new enemy, Covid-19. This expression is meant to  suggest that we can learn from military experience. Given that the Army Corps of Engineers has stepped up to convert buildings in several cities into hospitals, we ought to look at that process and the players. The process involves meeting several requirements with respect to cleanliness and effectiveness. By way of comparison, this is a brief note about field hospitals which can be compared to the U.S. Navy's hospital ship that has been put into action.

In terms of context, we are talking the future where everyone is elated due to an initial flattening of the curve as they figure that we've won. Well, no. Down the pike will be recurrences. The current effort is to help handle those future cases. How permanent these need to be is unknown. Earlier this year, China put together a hospital in less than two weeks. These are consider temporary structures but met the requirement. What are the longer term necessities?

100 years ago, we had the Spanish flu. We have had a post or two about that (Ground zero). This coincided with the efforts at supporting Europe in WWI. So, there were lots of impacts from a reduction of the male population. England's ordeal has been covered quite well over the years. Now, we're seeing a resurgence of some type of threat that we ought not have lost sight of. Oh yes, inoculation? Cannot cover the basis. One contributing factor was technology and its child, globalization. So, there is nothing easy here.

Photo by Alexander Gardner
The interest of the TGS, Inc.? You bet. First, we will focus on Dr. Letterman. He is the namesake of the Army Hospital that was situated at the Presidio of San Francisco. So, lots of history. Too, Dr. Letterman is involved with the western movement. He was out in Kansas and other points west in the 1850s. This was before his real contribution. Which was? He is considered the 'Father of Battlefield Medicine' and is noted for his humane treatment of the wounded from both sides of the Civil War in the U.S. His introduction of improvements grew out of the experience of the Battle of Antietam. By Gettysburg, his contributions were seminal. There were heavy casualties. His methods saved a lot of people.

Dr. Letterman got his MD degree from the University of Washington and Jefferson in 1849. The U.S. Army offered him a commission. So, his career in the military and after will be of note. Hence expect several posts. He was later a coroner in San Francisco. This would have been after the wild times of the gold rush, however SF was a major port. Lots of tales there.

More information on Dr. Letterman.

We have taken several themes in the context of the groupings by year. As D.A.R. is telling us, we have the 250th coming up in 2026. So, we have that as a focus. Before that, we had the 100th of the coming over. Guess what? People were too involved in survival to celebrate, however we will look to see if any researcher/writer mentioned this. That was just a few years post the Salem idiocy (Andover ordeal). On the other side, it was post the Revolution and Lewis/Clark that we saw the major moves west. Some of this was by water; however, we need to look at those special situations related to moving by land (trails, et al). Dr. Letterman was further west (New Mexico). We can add efforts of the U.S. Army to our look at the western movement.


When I first got to editing on Wikipedia, I added information to Dr. Letterman's profile. We think of hospitals as permanent structures, but there are many times when a temporary structure is required. Say, post a tornado. I have seen many rise and function for a year or two while the rebuilding took place. The naval hospital ship has gone to many a port over the past decade or so.

Provisions have to be there, though, for future use which means warehousing. And, those things warehoused must be managed for replacement due to time, fatigue, or just orneriness by nature.

Personally, I remember that after Korea that the U.S. Army worked to improve the field hospital (think MASH). My role was in the operating room (surgical specialist) which consisted of a GP medium and small. The joy of it? Going out into the fields and mountains in blackout conditions (vehicles and flashlights were limited light; tents had entry way with flaps to conceal ins and outs) and setting up the operating room overnight in all types of weather. And, that whole set of material fit into a 2 1/2-ton truck with a trailer. The overall hospital had several wards.

Oh yes, what tent went up first? The mess, what else? You have to take care of the workers.


We see that Virginia hospital is setting up a field hospital in a parking garage. Good thinking.

Remarks: Modified: 04/04/2020

03/29/2020 -- Today, I listened to a MD (Respiratory specialist) talk about his experiences with Covid-19, on a daily basis for a while now, in an environment with hundreds of beds in a highly stressful place (U.S.). His message dealt with contagion and other aspects that will be answered eventually. Right now, there is a lot of mania/hype on the internet and other media (TV). So, it was good to hear an expert speak. And, the result of listening to the guy? A calming effect. I'll forgo the details, but, for the most part, there are clear rules that will assist mitigation of the spread. Hopefully, those will become more clear and accepted. And, on the next go-around, we'll do better. Any chance that?

04/04/2020 -- With regard to this Spanish Flu, this video provides a very good overview of the times and the situations. The MD mentioned as identifying the problem early was Dr. Loring Miner.

Wednesday, March 18, 2020

Long and short

We have been at this since 2009 (2010 conceptualization of the Thomas Gardner Society, later Inc.'d) and have watched the changes while continuously diving (some use trolling) into the huge bucket (seas and seas, in a sense). Along the way, we would find sites that stood out for various reasons. In some cases, they had lots of overlap of surnames being researched.

But, speaking of changes? Lots of these disappeared or seriously changed. In many cases, saved links became more than stale. Good example? The 'rootsweb' case a few years ago. After an initial launch by working on ancestry, we branched out and did our own thing. This approach ended up with a huge amount of stuff to be refactored at some point. Along the way, we pulled out material into posts with the intent of publishing, again, at some point.

We got a chance to write a few articles related to our work. The Gardner Annals grew out of that. BTW, Volume V is still being put together.

In any case, the web has been central both from the view of offering access to information and from the presentation side of things. Through time, additional stuff just came out daily. This was one reason that the Margaret study made progress. And, things did structure. WikiTree is an example of that. Too, the NEHGS now has a package and has linked to prior attempts which was a nice choice.

Anyway, in browsing after being off doing other work, for awhile, we ran into some old links. They still worked. You see, that is remarkable. You know how much the web software has changed over the last ten years? We have some technical discussions going in that regard and have taken to GitHub for a development view. Our portal is one mode for interface, albeit slowly coming along.

Going forward, we'll see two types being even more bifurcated. Setting aside the arena of website development (as, this has morphed several ways, to boot) and the browser wars, the world of the device provider has seen remarkable change, improvement somewhat. Now, those little things can run serious apps. And, the industry, in part, has worked to allow development with minimal technical knowledge. Yes, mind-boggling, as one company claimed that they had no serious software folks. No, the common user could just develop.

Want a parallel? Notice how the amateur has influence on genealogy? In fact, want me to take you down the paths of the internet and show you where there are problems both in the data and in its support structure? Everywhere, we are seeing this old/new dynamic. Nothing new there. But, it's more critical in computing. As we review the changes since '95, we cringe when we see the impact of choices made. At those decision points, we could have made other choices. No, we run along and, then, think that coping with consequences allows our talents to come forth and our smarts to be demonstrated. Not.

From time to time, we run into the work of some who are trying to have more sustainable ways. That is always nice to see. And, we want the Thomas Gardner Society, Inc.'s approaches to be of the more wise sort, albeit not much attention has really be applied to the necessary study and discussion.

But, getting back to sites, we'll look to getting back to having our own list. Many have tried this. In fact, it's a business model, somewhat. That is, folks make money doing the work; even if, many times, there are lots of issues (won't name them as it's obvious that the internet is a mess).

So, today's addition:
  • Ole Larson's Folks - ran into this early. It disappeared for awhile and came back. Now, there's a new look. 
  • Humphry's Family Tree - gosh, thirty-seven years of research. Like the site which comes from a comp sci view. 
Speaking of comp sci, we ran across a youngster who appreciates minimalism. He's not into genealogy, yet, however his custom/manual approach appeals. Much to discuss. 
  • Project Nayuki - really liked the clean work that comes out of the crafting the code (HTML/CSS/JS). As well, from the comp sci exposure (2007-2012), there is a great understanding producing results to be studied. In fact, his examples across several languages are the type of thing that a self-starter ought to really appreciate. 
As well as old/new, we need to look long, as well as, short. That latter has been the blinders; but, that can be seen as true with business, in general, many times.

A timely metaphor: biological perturbations, such as the latest virus, need continual attention; so too the world of the computational? You bet. People will be the focus (taming AI, for example) several ways; genealogy/history is a natural attribute of the more aware (not using woke) approaches.

Remarks: Modified: 03/18/2020

03/18/2020 --

Thursday, March 12, 2020

The Commonwealth

The last post touched briefly upon Essex County and preservation. We have had several other looks at Essex. After all, that is where Thomas and Margaret came into the New World. Plus, Salem is still within the boundaries. So, we'll feature this little county lots and lots of times.
  • South (east and central) Essex County - This is from 2011. What did we know having just started our research in 2009? Not much. But, we were collecting source material like mad (still are) with the intent of having a good bibliography. Also, we had to get used to a County where the little towns covered the whole shebang. This is not like out west where some areas a lots and lots of empty spaces (Rt 66 comes to mind). 
  • Essex Institute - their Historical Collections was a great asset. Too, Sidney's work was central to a lot of research. 
  • Essex County -- Dr. Frank's The Massachusetts Magazine was based in the county. 
We have a lot more. Buy, let's switch gears a little. As, there was the Commonwealth in which Essex County was embedded. Rather, which grew around the county. We focus on Essex; several sites look at Massachusetts, New England, and the U.S. One example is 'Mass Moments' which we look at today.

On March 12, 1857, John Brown spoke in Concord. John was featured in several of our posts, such as the one on Col. T. W. Higginson who worked with Dr. Frank on The Massachusetts Magazine. In his talk, John mentioned Kansas which we have featured in our series on the western movement.

As we look at the American 100s (400th, 250th, 100th - as in Cape Ann, the Revolution, and the western swing), we will juxtapose views with Essex County being perpetually there. And, we have a huge collection of supporting material. On the broader scope, we will begin to collect similar support. Turns out that the 'Mass Moments' comes from the 'Mass Humanities' project. We will pay closer attention to this effort.

Remarks: Modified: 03/12/2020

03/12/2020 --

Tuesday, March 10, 2020

Essex National Heritage Area

We saw this while reading the FB feed which is a minute portion of the total possible posts that could be thrown our way. One always hopes that those things thought pertinent by technology match up with what we might expect.

E. B. Teele
2008 Photo Contest Winner
Wonderland, 3rd place
Well, this was a feed from the Gloucester 400 group which led to related posts, one of which was from the Essex National Heritage Area (ENHA). A few posts conveyed the importance of this work plus its extreme interest to us. Besides, technology's impact is demonstrated.

When did the postings start? Well, on a look-back, "November 13, 2008" came up. On that day, the winners of a photography contest were announced. Winner: Gregg Mazzotta. He captured a view of the Saugus Iron Works. There many great photos. This one of Strawberry Hill reminds us of Winthrop's arrival. He feasted in the 'Great House' of Endicott; people went over to Cape Ann to pick fresh strawberries.

The post on the next day pointed to the e-Newsletter of the ENHA (November 2008).

Remarks: Modified: 03/10/2020

03/10/2020 --

Wednesday, March 4, 2020

Magazines and people

Book reviews are always a nice feature. The WSJ has had one in its weekend edition that has been enjoyable. The weekend of 02/15/2020, the review had several books of interest to us. For one, there was one about the founder of McClure's that ran 1893 to 1929. He had a longer run than Dr. Frank's The Massachusetts Magazine (1908-1918), however the scope was entirely different. But, McClure's co-founder had Sanborn and Phillips in his name. So, yes, his lineage is out of old New England. We are always interested in that connection.

Earlier in the year, Ida Tarbell was featured in a review. She, too, is of New England through her father. We will have more about her through time. Now, though, we need to mention The American Magazine which she founded with friends, including Phillips, after leaving McClure's. They converted an existing magazine.

Why the interest in magazines? Partly, Dr. Frank's effort is a factor, however we have researched several families involved in this type of effort. Of course, we know of The Atlantic Monthly. But, as the WSJ review noted, once the majority of the populace could read, they wanted to do so. Magazines filled the bill.

WSJ Feb 15, 2020
Let's stop a minute to list some of our posts on the subject: Spirit of '76Magazine: American museumLyceumTMM, a review. The web/cloud has brought in whole new dynamics (e-zine, for one).

In that same WSJ review collection, there was one about a book that looks at the Grand old Party. It's founding was in 1854. When we talk American 100s, included is a suggestion that locales are important to the essence of the U.S. (Locales and their history); hence, we have several posts related to places and names, though we ought to extend the range for this type of post.

GOP. In the book, there are three references that can catch our eye. We have mentioned all three: Brown, Stearns, Higginson. In what context? The Secret Six. These were supporters of John Brown who got the attention of the Federal law-keepers after the Harper's Ferry ordeal (Col. T.W. Higginson, Julie Ward Howe's husband, and F. B. Sanborn, among others). The book reviewer notes that TWH is not given as much attention as he ought. 

Of course, there are other book reviews published on a regular basis. We have done a few ourselves and ought to do  more: Albion's Seed; The First Seventeen Years, Virginia; Chronicles of Old Salem; Such men are dangerous ...

Doing such reviews might become a regular feature of The Gardner Annals for which Vol. V, No. 1 is being prepared. 

Remarks: Modified: 03/04/2020

03/04/2020 --

Sunday, March 1, 2020

Families at Cape Ann

The post "Families at HSBG" looks at one of the cemeteries in Salem, MA and considers the burials in the perspective of family internments being scattered across several cemeteries. The idea is to bring these folks together into modern-media modes so that we can see the story. After a few of these studies have been done, we can discuss how to continue.

But, something comes to mind? Is there some comprehensive, coherent look at the families that were at Cape Ann? In particular, who was there early on? We have had some general looks so far: Cape Ann, Retrospective, et al. These were brief themes, dealing with specifics such as the living conditions, the house, the first year, and such.

At our portal, we have started little snippets related to this: There was one attempt at listing who was there when Roger Conant led some over to the area that became Salem (Old Planters):
  • Allen, Balch, Conant, Cushman, Gardner, Gray, Jeffrey, Knight, Lyford, Norman, Oldham, Palfrey, Patch, Pickryn, Winslow, Woodbury. 
We looked at the Old Planters Society that was started by Col. T.W. Higginson and Frank A. Gardner, MD.

But, our interest here would be families. And, we might use Endicott's arrival as the cut point, for instance.  The Old Planters Society used the time before Winthrop and the area outside of Plymouth. Besides those from Plymouth, how many families were at Cape Ann, early? It looks like Margaret was with Thomas. Frances Rose-Troup also mentioned that there were two Thomas (father and son). The elder one returned to England. How many wives came? We know that Agnes Balch came with her husband.

And the view would be other than this -- The Making of an American Thinking Class: Intellectuals and Intelligentsia. No, we are looking at the doers. Early on, my thought would have been "backbone" which is an important contributing factor to any endeavor.

This look is another iteration however with more of a focus. It seemed like a good time to relook at what's available to see what we might have missed before. We found two books that we not noticed before. Each has a little about the early time before the Naumkeag move.
Both mention Thomas Fryer (1860 -- pgs 69, 110, 203; 1892 -- pgs 26, 44, 90) who is thought to be the brother of Margaret. Of course, it has only been recently where we established good grounds for matching up Thomas and Margaret. That is, we started in 2010; we resolved the Margaret issues for ourselves in 2018 (actually 2014, but it took a while to settle in).

Besides books, there are many sites with information that needs to be considered. One example is a look at Roger Conant's contribution through street names in Beverly, MA. Then, we ran into a write up about Rev. John White who is not an uncle: John White, Patriarch of Dorchester. This post provided a good overview of the Cape Ann effort.

Again, we will be identify families and what happened. Example: John Tilly. But, too, we will summarize information for families such as that of Sarah (Gardner) Balch (February of 2011).

Remarks: Modified: 03/13/2020

03/01/2020 -- Image for the index added.

Wednesday, February 26, 2020

Families at HSBG

HSBG is Howard Street Burial Ground. Last time, we mentioned several facts about the cemetery. It needs attention, for one thing. But, one set of great-grands for Dr. Frank are buried there. And, on a review of  names in FindAGrave (FAGR), one sees lots of New England represented (go here - HSBG and click on the '1,060 Added' button - it'll give you a list of names to scroll).

Dodge came to mind.  They have a nice little area (see photo). There are 17 burials with this name. Anna Herrick Dodge, Elizabeth Crowinshield Dodge, and Joshua Dodge.  I picked these due to their early births (prior to the revolution). For Elizabeth, one finds lots of information: Papers of Thomas Jefferson, ...

So, backing up a minute. I have had lots of interchange with FAG (Gardner) and its FAGR contributors. Some respond quickly to change requests. I was happy to hear that DAR supports the effort as it motivates. One cannot trust lots of the material; however, for photos of gravestones, we can tell a lot. These are not just arbitrarily put into place. Last year, I complained due to a family being ignored: Problems with Find A Grave. I persisted; now, the family records have been gathered together (Elizabeth A. Blake Lunt's FAGR has all of her siblings identified). But, find a grave is not sufficient; we need more information. In the FAGR that I do, I link to WikiTree when possible. Example: Caroline A. Blake Ingalls' FAGR points to her WikiTree Profile where there is information about her husband and her children. But, blog posts can work, too. We will get that started, perhaps the 'Tombstone Tuesday' would be a theme.


After looking at the totality of the FAGR collection for HSBG, we can see that members of one family are in different cemeteries. As well, while building our WikiTree presence, we ought to track down burial places. Example: Elizabeth Gardner Gardner, wife of Capt Jonathan Gardner. We did not put a FAGR link (Charter Street, Old Burying Point) in the WikiTree Profile. Their son, Jonathan, is in the same location on Charter Street. However, they had several children. Daughter Sarah Gardner Bowditch is buried there, too. Their daughter, Martha Gardner Barton, is buried at the Broad Street Cemetery. That is mentioning only three of their children. Their granddaughter, via son John, was buried in Harmony Grove with her husband, Jacob Crowninshield. That is a minor survey showing several cemeteries in Salem. Then, we would have Essex County.

One constant is that these FAGRs do not have links to parents and children. We can address that once we get these things written up. So, before going on, let's look at the cemeteries that might be of interest. These are somewhat in order by time. The number is of records added which means the amount of work by those taking photos and building the records. There is a percent given which reports those with gravestones. What we don't know is the percentage of graves reported, however that number ought to be above 95%.
  • Gardner's Hill  - honorary nod - we have told the story, in part. 
  • Burying Point - Charter Street - 806, 76% photographed
  • Lawes Hill - Broad Street - 674, 81% photographed
  • St. Peter's - Howard Street - 1,060, 80% photographed
  • Harmony Grove - Grove Street - 7, 129, 73% photographed 
  • Greenlawn - Orne Street - 5, 661, 52% photographed 
  • St Mary's - North Street - 31,101, 84% photographed
Remarks: Modified: 02/26/2020

02/26/2020 --

Tuesday, February 18, 2020

Howard Street Burial Ground

Now that we see that two of Dr. Frank's great-grandparents are buried in this cemetery, we will have to feature the place. After all, this is where Giles Corey was pressed to death. John Gardner (son of Thomas) was there.

Named for a seaman: Howard Street had a varied history. It opened, officially, in 1801, but there had been burials there before. One of these, unmarked, was that of Corey who we mentioned a couple of years ago in the context of writing about 1692. After all, Salem was Thomas' territory.

We were there but didn't pay adequate attention; we'll be back. One blogger mentioned the lack of respect. We'll have to address that. Another mentioned that it contains lots of veterans of the Revolutionary War. Elsewhere, we saw reference to many seaman being buried there. Stephen Wilson, son of Jonathan and Prudence, died at sea and is buried there.

Speaking of seamen, Captain Lawrence and his mate Ludlow were interned in this cemetery for a while in the Crowninshield tomb. Benjamin Ropes was there for awhile. He was moved to Harmony Grove Cemetery.

We all know about the Gardner Burial Plot. So, Howard Street looks like an interesting case. At least, we can visit the place.

The list of families is quite interesting: Hawthorne, Manning (Nathaniel Hawthorne's mother, Elizabeth Clarke Manning), Crowninshield, and a whole lot of other old New England (Essex County, MA) names. We will look at those. There are many Peabodys buried there.

Remarks: Modified: 02/26/2020

02/26/2020 -- On looking further at Howard Street Burial Ground graves (Families at HSBG), we ran into this planning report: 2015 City of Salem Historic Preservation Plan Update.

Sunday, February 16, 2020

Jonathan Wilson

He is the great-grandfather of Dr. Frank via Lucy Foster Wilson. She was the focus of the "Trials of the Wilson family" that published in The Essex Genealogist (Vol 34, No 3, pg 155, Ahnentafel - later published/printed in The Gardner Annals). As is mentioned in the Findagrave record (FAGR), she inherited links to the 1692 madness (view from a Brit) from both her father, Jonathan, and her mother, Prudence Goldthwait.

On 5 Apr 2016, we created a FAGR for both: #160594239 and #160594156. Then, I linked them in with their parents and siblings. We use a 'Thomas Gardner Society' userid to do this work. And, we have collected several 'thank yous' over the years. Whenever we see an issue, we ask for an update. See "Memorial Day" as one example.

We had this added to the page of Jonathan's father, Joshua Wilson. These two were 'hung by the neck' together with some others.
    Descendant of Samuel Wardwell through his father, John Wilson, John's mother, Mercy Wright, Mercy's mother, Mercy Wardwell

    Descendant of Mary Ayer Parker through his mother, Hannah Frye, Hannah's mother, Elizabeth Farnum, Elizabeth's mother, Elizabeth Parker
Yesterday, we got emboldened by getting into the guidelines of D.A.R. They mentioned their cemetery work. Well, we got the impression from the 'Plymouth' folk (this has been mentioned several times) that they don't care. Yes, our focus is western movement which brings in a few subtleties, which are not new. However, we have seen enough issues to want to raise this to awareness. We were looking at Prudence's internment record. She died in Salem. There are some indications of where she was buried. Need to have that interpreted.

Jonathan Wilson, FAGR image before
record was updated on 02/15/2020
In the meantime, on looking around at the Salem cemeteries, we found a lonely FAGR for a Jonathan Wilson. It was at Howard Street Burial Ground and showed the right date. So, we immediately asked for an update which has been started: Jonathan Wilson #36014749. This was put into place on 18 Apr 2009. When everything is updated, we'll get rid of the FAGR that we created. In the meantime, we'll search for Prudence's resting place.

BTW, in terms of the crowd that scoffs, there is a lonely grave out west of a descendant. We'll not ignore this and continue to document matters. A synopsis is due this year (2020), say when the arrival is going to be celebrated. Genealogists. You do not give life. Nor do you create the truth. Gosh, is not anyone interested in the philosophical aspects being suppressed with the mad rush toward technology? Say, foundational aspects of genealogy? Notice, has nothing to do with fundamentals.

Anyway, on another note, we used a grave site of old that is a little removed from that non-left coast. A report of the times mentioned a town and some distance in reference to where some old guy was buried. Later his younger bride was buried there, too. On a search, sure enough, there were the old stones, sufficiently marked.

A question might be about why we missed Jonathan's FAGR before. The eye sees what it wants. That 'want' is conditioned by a whole lot of things. As mentioned before, that conditioning is wide open for study and further understanding. The rise of AI might be a motivating factor that has been missing. Let's hope so for the grandkids' sake.

Kudos to the FAGRers for their good work.

Remarks: Modified: 02/19/2020

02/18/2020 -- Jonathan married Prudence Goldthwaite in Salem. Jonathan had been born in Andover, Essex Co. in 1774. Prudence had been born in Sutton, Worcester Co. in 1779. Both of their fathers are registered in the DAR database for Patriots. Jonathan and Prudence lived in Salem. He died at the age of 39 in 1814 and was buried, as we see above, in Howard Street Burial Ground. Prudence lived until 1860 which means that she was a widow for 46 years. She is in the 1850 U.S. Census and the 1855 Massachusetts Census. But, until yesterday, we didn't know where she was buried. Turns out that the internment records for Salem have been digitized. We find that Prudence was buried in the same area as was Jonathan. There doesn't seem to be a stone. Here is a clipping from the record.

It identifies here parents and her deceased husband. Also, it says 'No. 3, grave' which needed a little research. 'No. 3' is Howard Street Burial Ground.

02/19/2020 -- We need to make the Howard Street Burial Ground to be a focus.

Wednesday, February 12, 2020

Frances Rose-Troup

Cape Ann, 1623, has always been a theme in this blog. We have many posts about those early times and about Thomas Gardner and Margaret Fryer. However, Dr. Frank, and Ann, are descendants of several families who were at Cape Ann during that time. We would want to look at those further, including Roger Conant. As well, we want to see a fuller picture.

Guess who tried one, over 90 years ago? Frances Rose-Troup in her book, The Massachusetts Bay Company and Its Predecessors.

We referenced her several times here. Also, the web site related to the Dorchester Company referred to, and quoted, her work.

Notice, this book was published here, in New York. She did her work in England. Notice, too, that it is on-line by the way of Hathi  Trust (thank them). This gives us a chance to use Frances as a starting point for work that will continue as long as there are unanswered questions.

With this post, we'll just point back to some earlier work to start to set the stage. We will have several of these which will be in a Category of 'Cape Ann.' Looking forward to this bit of study.

Now, Frances wrote of Rev. John White. He was thought to be an uncle, at one time. That is not the case; however, the web is full of these references. Well, we intend to use Gardner's Gate, framed upon our portal (to Truth) as the clearing house for 'All things Gardner' and for Thomas (of Salem) information, in particular. Part of that will be collecting information about known sites, like this one on The Dorchester Company.

As an aside, we already have taken the FAQ approach. It might need some updating, but nothing there is really out of date (perhaps, incomplete, in some cases). And, we need to have this cover a whole lot more material.

We have taken several looks at Cape Ann: Cape Ann, 1623 and Cape Ann, Retrospective. Too, there are several Gardner themes to study further. Example: Two Thomas Gardner in Salem.

Finally, research is a team affair. So, anyone who has an interest? Pipe up (using the old saying).

Remarks: Modified: 03/01/2020

03/01/2020 -- Added link to Google Docs version. Working on collecting information about the families at Cape Ann.

Sunday, February 9, 2020

Gardner IL

The U.S. is a huge place with lots of little areas beyond the huge regions of populace (metropolis). A recent show has been visiting small towns all over (Small Town Big Deal). We have not seen many episodes but have enjoyed those that we saw. It is interesting to see the local people and learn about their lives.

Earlier, we started to collect names of places in the U.S. that are Gardner (any spelling). The latest was Gardner River near Gardiner MT. We do not have a list places but ought to start one; there have been several posts on the subject. Recently, the STBD folks started out on Route 66 and headed through Illinois. It wasn't clear where they were headed, but this road looms large in reality and in American folklore.

All scenes along Route 66
Chicago, IL to Santa Monica, CA
Well, not far out of Chicago, they came to Gardner, IL. How did we miss that? Partly, it's being more familiar with the western parts of the road. But, too, growing the Gardner list is an on-going affair. And, this is a worthy cause. Gannett's 'The origin of certain place names in the United States' does not have some of the areas that we have covered: Gardiner OR, Gardner, CO,

So, per usual, we look to see what further information about Gardner, IL. We find lots of stuff, but this one will be looked at more closely: History of Gardner IL (also, History of Illinois and Grundy Co.). It started with the railroad. All of this goes right with our work related to the western movement and with the development of the interior of the U.S. From our experience, there are lots of issues researchers run into that need more study and a little bit of understanding. It's enough, now, to just list related posts: Flyover country (Genealogy and Bayes), Westward-hoAnother trail, Blogging and such, and more.

Remarks: Modified: 02/25/2020

02/09/2020 --

Monday, January 27, 2020

American 100s

We've been at this for ten years now. Early on, it became evident that the 400th (of Cape Ann) was in the near future, 'near' enough that we have the Plymouth event (early planning) already at hand. Later, we also remembered that the southern realm did their look back in 2007 (First Thanksgiving).

Reading about the 400ths, of course, brought our attention backward to the 300ths (Salem Pageant).

America 200
Jedediah Strong Smith
Along the same line, though, we got insight into the western movement that picked up speed after Lewis & Clark toured the middle of the country from the east to the west, all the way to the Pacific. Dr. Frank, in his Massachusetts Magazine, published many articles on this theme. Early trekkers explored the areas and learned about the tricks of navigation. That is, they wandered from the east to the west, too, on foot and horseback. Later, earnest families traveled toward new lives. Turns out that a place named Gardner saw a whole lot of those moving forward (Gardner Junction, 3 Trails).

Lots of attention go toward the northern routes, however there were southern routes across the country, to boot. And, as we've seen with movies and TV, the U.S. Army was active across the whole region (William J. Worth, Thomas W. Higginson, and more). In the east, we saw the displacement of the Natives as an example of what was to come. Many tribes were moved west (Another Western Movement).

So, we thought of this as the 200th that was related to the 400th in many ways, especially with regard to families and their members.

Then, there was the sea (The Gardiner that was, Nantucket Sendoff, Two cousins).

Now, another focus arises from which we will see lots and lots events and energies of celebration. The D.A.R. initiative for and support of America 250 will be a continuing theme. Remember, 1776. This look back is six years away and corresponds with events in Cape Ann and Salem over hundred years earlier. We have written of the time; some recent activity related to General Layafette and his triumphant return are one example.

History being retold from the lives and times of people? A major theme for the future.

Just like that which is to be celebrated for the 250th, the 200th has no real clear start. There was the Revolution which dragged on. Then, the War of 1812 perturbed the U.S. Finally, Lewis & Clark did their little trek. After that, we saw a slow trickle which grew to a horde moving west by the last part of the 19th century.

We will start to look at 100, 200, 250, 300 and 400 on a regular basis.

Remarks: Modified: 02/01/2020

02/01/2020 -- There is a sort of symmetry about the American Revolution for a few years that ought to be of interest. The far reach (400th) is that arrival in the 17th century. Coming forward, the 200th is associated with another migration which was to the west (Final migration). The 300th was only a generation after the turmoil following the witch hunt (Andover ordeal). The 100th can be many things that we will look at (Last issue of The Massachusetts MagazineGround zero).

Thursday, January 16, 2020

Presence and such

The internet has changed things tremendously, as we see with this last holiday season where bricks and mortar continued to suffer at the hands of the ease (and such) of the virtual shopping experience. Then, we see how the internet has adapted to the facility of mobility. The Economist, recently, looked at how the internet's offerings have changed how we get news; and, there is a wide gap twixt what the older folk do to, and how those younger, get their information.

Many societies are in the midst of trying to figure out how to obtain a balance in regard to presenting their information or to finding what they need, in a manner that allows generational peace and harmony. We are considering our options and will venture along a few paths this year. First, though, let's review what we have now.

  • Main site - This is our main collective of information, having started in 2010. It has gone through several iterations that parallel the changes in the general mode. Except, we are hosted on a server rather than using the cloud. There is a lot to discuss about the requirements for this type of presentation. 
  • Context blog - This started early, jointly with the main site. It serves several purposes including providing a timeline. One huge aspect of computing derives from its ability to handle time and coordinate between disparate groups with ease. Somewhat, one might add (next bullet), more problematic than we would like to think about. Currently hosted via Google, we are considering bringing this under the umbrella of our server (however it may be configured in the future).  
  • Technology blog - The internet is a mess. We have tried to present the discussions over the period at each major decision point. This blog helped. Too, it's based upon one of the most-used internet resources, however we've kept a minimal presence for several reasons which the blog itself will be used to discuss. Though using WordPress, it's based on our own server (as an aside, shared server - and, somewhat virtual).   
  • Portal (to truth) - As mentioned in this blog post (Gardner's Gate), the internet has accumulated lots and lots of stuff about 'all things Gardner' for quite a while. Before the www, we have the various communication schemes going on that allowed people to have access and to do things.  
  • Facebook - We are using this, mostly, for notices. Many times, links to blog posts are pushed up. As well, lots of groups have established themselves on FB. So, we can do a lot more and do it better. Time and energy are two major constraints. Actually, the most prevalent ones. 
  • WikiTree - The Thomas Gardner page is being edited with our help. We have established Thomas and Margaret as husband and wife and parents. We used Dr. Frank to have threads from then to now. Lots have added their ancestors' information, however there are many holes. We need to do, at least, five generations
  • PInterest - We just added another pin. Mostly, this was experimental. There are other options. So, the discussion will be ongoing. 

Need to add in GitHub. One thing that the Thomas Gardner Society, Inc. will not do is buy into some service without consideration of pros and cons. Too, these will be documented. This might cause a bit of delay, but the future, to be secure, demands this. And, we are trying to provide interesting technical work for those who might be available or who want to learn about the ins and outs. GitHub is one of the facilities where developers hang out. Whatever processes we come up with for work management by a group will use GitHub, or something comparable.

Future alternatives would include other types of media than what we have addressed so far. However, let's look at a picture. In our post on Houses being Homes, we suggested that one could use Salem for some very good experiments. Given that many pieces of property were in the same family for year, we could follow that thread. Also, we could do modeling (next) of sorts that would provide more information that one can get now. It turns out that the Gardner family has lots of examples. We can branch to other areas, such as Nantucket, Maine, and even west.

Let's take Salem, though. We already mentioned with regard to Thomas' grave. It is missing. We could model with with the facilities of virtual-reality tools. At the same time, augmentation would allow us to present historical information in interesting ways.

All of this would take work. However, the cloud and other computing facilities are there. Some of the technology being developed for gaming would be apropos. Some of this has been on the table for discussion for some time. Of late, discussions about the Downing-Gardner-Bradstreet house bring the topic to fore. I am referring to Ann's house. It was featured in the Streets of Salem blog: First-Period Fantasy. This would make a very interesting case for a historical deep dive. So too would the 1st house put at Cape Ann by Thomas' crew.

BTW, part of the technical focus would be to get the younger set involved. With respect to learning, we have an endless set of things to do. Some are harder than others. But, there is nothing that would prevent anyone with the motivation to contribute their effort.

Remarks: Modified: 01/16/2020

01/16/2020 --

Tuesday, January 7, 2020

Gardner's gate

Ever since we started the work that led to Gardner Research, we have noticed that there was lots of information about things related to Thomas and Margaret (Fryer) Gardner and collateral families that did not match up. From the start we have focused on Dr. Franks' 1907 book. Of late, we have started to reference the 1933 book. As well, efforts, such as that of the teams using WikiTree, try to establish sources that are credible and have provenance.

However, though we see an explosion of material due to the web, there has been much written over the centuries. We have expressed our thankfulness for Rev. Hubbard's mention of Thomas Gardner and John Tylly. The good Rev was of the time and knew the principals. But, there have been very good researchers over the years, which we'll name. Two that stand out are Felt (with his History) and Sidney Perley who was unequaled.

Well, all along, we were newbies. Having now 10 years (also, yesterday's post) under the belt, we can start to think about what we read in terms of some standard, not yet set. To do this type of comparison, we are proposing to use Gardner's Gate which would be accessible through our portal ( Too, we might have an initial focus of Thomas and Margaret, but we would deal with 'All things Gardner' as well.

Just today, there were two instances which are exemplary of the issue. To now, we have not really attempted analysis. Rather we were gathering. Though, we created the FAQ to express what we knew, especially with regard to origins (see our FAQ). We will be more active in keeping this up to date, however we will take some time to work the issues of format and such.

We can use the corresponding posts to discuss the related issues and the long-term efforts. It is interesting that these two posts are from the same month.
  • Mary (Gardner) Coffin (Dec 2011) -- this post is from a real early time. We had been looking Nantucket families and were happy to find this portrait by Pollard Limner. The question would refer to the person who was subject: John's daughter or Mary (Coffin) Starbuck
  • Gardner-Pingree House (and murder) (Dec 2011) -- again, this is early. We got onto this theme due to the Smithsonian article that mentioned the murder. So, we had to follow up on the family which was a descendant of George. It seems that the two Anns are conflated but will look at this, again. Like the stories, though. BTW, we mentioned that this property is one that would be interesting from the across the decades and centuries views. 
On the internet, one finds all sorts of views about subjects, including various interpretations related to the state of scientific knowledge. It's a  losing proposition to consider that the web will ever clean itself. What we can do is present sourced, well-founded information and make it known. 

We have used the concept of 'portal to truth' with regard to Gardner's gate's focus. We will continue to have our own portal. Lots to discuss there with regard to busyness and technical issues. Truth? It's used in the sense of truth engineering, a major theme for continuing discussion (again, technical, in terms of advanced computing which includes all aspects of AI).

If there is any change now that is obvious to before, it would be that we have, over a decade, built enough of a knowledge base so as to assess the veracity and support our own stuff as well as look at the work of others plus bring in comparative notions in a mode that is very much pertinent to what computing hath wrought. 

Remarks: Modified: 01/11/2020

01/11/2020 -- Added image for our index. 

Monday, January 6, 2020

Houses and homes - Note to Salem

For a decade now, we've used our skills to wander (some of the times without any guidance and at other of the times with some purpose) and collect (like hunting and gathering). When we started, the current 'www' was a young buck. Static modes were still predominate. Those modes that were more clever still left a lot to be desired. And, needless to say, what we have now is a huge mess.

Anyway, we've blogged our findings over the years and have built a framework from which to attempt structure and actual knowledge. In a sense, what we did on the internet, Sidney did with his walkabouts and recordings for which Salem needs to show some gratitude. One mode would be to extend his stuff. This post is a suggestion. There are many possible ways to go in terms of mood and mode, however people will have to pay attention and contribute their time and energies.

We could talk, for instance, of taking one property and looking back (step wise) to the 17th century. One could look at who was there. One could consider conditions of their life, say cooking, even. One could build a database with several threads that can be launching points to deeper knowledge. One could, yes, build a 3D model that is dynamic, sufficient that virtual reality enthusiasts would be impressed. And, we would have the dynamism relate to time and its influences. Say, at some piece of property, go backward, as well as, stop at some year and explore the information which would include simulation.

Yes, this is for Salem and its inane witch focus (written from the viewpoint of a family with everyone involved and two 'hung' - being politically incorrect, by design, hung by the neck until dead). BTW, this post is merely a start on the brainstorming that can be done.

So, back to the theme. Earlier, we saw an NEHGS article on an Elizabeth Clapp. That got our interest, as there might be Clapp links that come in a time or two into the family tree. So, on looking at Dr. Frank's index, we also saw another Elizabeth (Gardner who married Blanchard). That led to a few other Elizabeths that we looked at briefly. And, the thought came up that taking a name and picking a few from the index might help us hone in on collateral families.

Early on, there were a lot of Hannahs. What about Margaret? Or Catherine? Remember, the focus is home and life across time for this exercise.

Sometime, or other, we ran into this notice of a wedding. Several things caught the attention: Peabody and Gardner, California (in particular, Ojai - ah, CCR), and Theosophist. So, just a little bit ago, we got Google fired up again and found these pointers to further research, that are in bullet form as they are mainly meant to be reminders with (hint, hint) notes to Salem (whoever that might be).
  • Back-bay houses - okay, learned something. There was a history of the house and the occupants. Note to Salem: Sidney did this with properties in Essex County. He also drew maps. We need to make this 3D and operative (interactive mode of knowledge processing). So much more. Notice. Catherine owned this property, at one time. 
  • Her father - Catherine is mentioned. 
  • Who are they? - We thank the researchers who gave us this. Nice format. But, too, it shows what we can call a chunk which starts with John Lowell. Who is he? Well, his ancestor went over (notice the perspective) to Boston (like Winthrop for whom Salem was too back water). However, the family has other relatives in Salem. There are many stories. 
Of course, that last bullet shows lots of collateral families. So, we can see all sorts of ways to go. Some work (actually a lot) has already been done. We'll try to pull links to these into an orderly order (stated by design - oh, our order is better?). 

Salem has responsibilities. Let's hope that it assumes those. The Thomas Gardner Society, Inc. has been working to this end for decade. It's time to step it up a notch and prepare for the 400th.

Again, houses were homes. BTW, Thomas' crew brought one with them: Great house, Cape Ann. Roger came along and took it from Thomas (and Margaret) who went back to a wigwam. Then, John had it moved to Salem, so that Higginson could tell the folks back home what glories there were in the new world (small, by design). But, Ann Bradstreet told us her reaction to the squalor of early Salem. We need to tell the whole of the tale. 

Remarks: Modified: 01/11/2020

01/06/2020 -- Streets of Salem comment

01/11/2020 -- Made this a 'featured post' (portal to truth).

Saturday, January 4, 2020

Margaret's family

We have written a lot about Margaret. This research continues.

On WikiTree, we have snips from images of Sherborne records. There is one for the marriage of Walter Friar and Grace Mullins. Then, there is one for Margaret Friar. Then, there is a will of Walter who died in 1610. Then, there is a marriage of Thomas Gardner and Margaret Friar.  Finally, boys were born in the order and by name of the Cape Ann/Salem couple.

Margaret's WikiTree Profile. This is being edited. However, we wanted to point to this, again.

In a discussion today, someone mentioned that Savage had noted that Thomas Frier was probably the sister of Margaret. This image is from his book.

Savage's Fryer/Friar notes 
We have written about Savage a lot, too. Here is his note on the Gardners. As we look to complete the First Five, we will be looking back, too.

Remarks: Modified: 01/04/2020

01/04/2020 --

Friday, January 3, 2020

First five

1st 5 (or so), we might add. In the latest Gardner's Beacon (Vol. IX, No. 3), we mentioned that we want to have a focus, for as long as needed, to get the first five generations filled in for the children of Thomas and Margaret. This has been discussed before (About generations) in the context of the story of Thomas and Margaret. We would include the collateral families. One example is our look at the Elizabeths () which will be expanded by other names.

A question might come up about format. In the initial stages, there are not many restrictions. Let us see what you have. Too, for your ancestor who is a descendant, please find the latest entry that you can on WikiTree. And, let us know this.

Examples to discuss:
There are other formats. We're looking for articles for the next two issues of The Gardner Annals (to be completed by February). After that, we'll reformat and print as a book. So, right now, the material can be rough.

The key thing is to have sources, as much as possible. 

Remarks: Modified: 01/11/2020

01/04/2020 -- As we do this work, we will still be looking at origins: Margaret's family