Saturday, June 16, 2018

Magazine: American museum

As we complete TGA Vol. IV, No. 1, we look at how to report on all of the references that Gardner Research has used. We have started a bibliography but need a better way to discuss research issues. To date, we have also used blog posts.

This post deals with two references to magazines that get some attention in the coming issue of the TGA. Last year, as we were reviewing the first five volumes of the Massachusetts Magazine (Wikipedia), we looked at the other attempts at publishing about that time, for several reasons. For one, they are a point-in-time capture of the state of things related to U.S. history. We use an example out of Dr. Frank's periodical experience, below. But, Hector St. John is an example of someone being here and then writing in Europe. He needs as much attention as Lafayette. The French loved his revolutionary-war era tales.

We can put these types of things into a timeline related to the U.S., something like this: 1770 to 1840, 1840 to 1890, 1890 to 1940. The middle period would include a lot, such as the Southern Literary Messenger. For one thing, printing technology improves. Also, we have The Atlantic which still publishes having started in 1857; imagine the modern approach compared to one hundred and sixty years ago.

Dr. Frank's MM would be in the last period. We will be able to present the entire TOC with the coming print of TGA volumes III and IV. We will post when the copies are ready.

But, going back to the first period (1770 to 1840), we can look at part of one volume of The Massachusetts Magazine which is on-line: Massachusetts Magazine or Monthly museum. This volume is from 1794 for six months. It started printing in 1789 out of Boston. The Library Journal (Volume 14) for 1889 mentions that this periodical published until 1796.

In that same time period, we had the American museum that started out of Philadelphia in 1787. The publisher was Mathew Carey (biography). This is an example issue: The American Museum or Repository of Ancient and Modern Fugitive Pieces ... It is huge involving a lot of work. And, Carey had a large subscription list, unfortunately, many of which were free (the list is categorized by State - Massachusetts is first). So, Carey had to stop publishing after five years.

From the beginning, there was print activity everywhere in the U.S. So, we will see lots of examples in those defined periods. Without the modern shipping methods, most of these efforts stayed local. However, the American Museum had a nationwide (at the time) audience. The Southern Literary Messenger, with Poe as editor, started in the first of the groupings but continued well into the second. As such (with other examples), it demonstrated views held by some. Seeing these in the original context and voice helps understand issues.

Again, the thematic thrust is the 400 years that went into the making of the U.S. as it is now. And, freedom of press is a crucial point. Too, juxtaposing the turmoils, including operational aspects, of those three periods with today's whizzbang methods might just provide some needed insight.


Now, Frank's magazine was in the last period, but here is an example of content related to the second. Namely, F. M. Thompson wrote of his western experience starting with his banking work in several mid-western states. This is worth looking at more closely due to his detailed report. Fortunately, F.M. was consistent in that. Montana, in 2004, picked up his articles from The Massachusetts Magazine and published them (it is noted that the material came directly from Dr. Frank's periodical). The title of the book is Tenderfoot in Montana (via Google). K.N. Owens did the editing and included some useful maps in the beginning of his introduction. We will look at that further.

Some of the events that F.M. wrote about are in Wikipedia, referencing other material. However, we will get his name back in the scope of things. He helped design the Seal of the State. Also, he ran a mercantile business in a mining town of about 10,000. Bannack is now a ghost town. It is protected; there is some shindig there yearly. F.M. left to return to Massachusetts where his future bride was waiting. F.M. is quite graphic about the life in the wilds of those times. So, his writing is a gem. The early part about banking is apropos, still, to discussions that seem to reawaken every generation.

In a chapter on vigilantes, F.M. describes the crime, the arguments of frontier justice, and that several men were hanged. In Massachusetts, F. M. was a judge. We will look further into that. 

Remarks: Modified: 06/17/2018

06/17/2018 -- In looking at the Wikipedia page on Henry Plummer, hanged by the vigilantes, there is no reference to his marriage which F.M. noted (later a judge in Massachusetts). There was no reference to F.M., at all, in the write (yes, some fiction is referenced - sign of the times), so we need to correct that oversight.

Tuesday, June 12, 2018

Early America

Our scope, of course, goes back to the beginning. As I finish up TGA Vol. IV, No. 1, various subjects related to the early times come up due to the review of all articles in The Massachusetts Magazine. At the bottom of this post is the TOC for the upcoming issue.

We have written about F. B. Sanborn (What is an American?). In TMM, Vol. IX, No. 2, pg 163, F. B. wrote about Hector St. John (namesake of St. John's, VT). Hector was here for a while, got caught in the Revolution, was captured by the Brits, taken back to England, and then got back to his folks in France. There, he wrote retrospectives of what he saw. They were immensely popular due to his first hand experience. Of note is that he experienced the time of turmoil and that he had a good opinion of the U.S. (which was to be). People on the continent were interested in what was going on. A little later, the French had their own revolution.

There have been some interesting looks at Hector and kindred souls. This is an example of a few works concerning Hector.
  • Hector's first work: Letters from an American farmer
  • Describing Early America - compilation by Pamela Regis. Includes an essay by Hector. 
  • Crevecoeur's Eighteenth-Century Travels in Pennyslvania & New York, translated/edited by Percy G. Adams. The following is the Table of Contents. 
I.     A trip up the Hudson
II.    Colonel Woodhull of Schunnemunk Valley
III.   A tour of the chief ironworks of New York
IV.   In the backwoods of Pennsylvania -
              the schoolteacher from Connecticut - a
                 Northumberland county pioneer
V.     In the backwoods of Pennsylvania -
               at the home of a Polish refugee in Luzerne County
VI.    Lost on a bee hunt in Bedford County
VII.   The bachelor farmer of Cherry Valley
VIII.  The Indian Council at Onondaga -
                the arrival
IX.     The Indian Council at Onondaga -
                 the great debate between Kesketomah and Koohassen
X.      A winter among the Mohawks, or, The story of Catta-Wassy
XI.     Niagara in Winter
XII.    Agouehghon, the Coohassa-Onas of Niagara
XIII.   Two Indian tales
XIV.    Wabemat's Reward, or, Why the first beaver was made
XV.     The use made of salt in American, and, The mountain pasture lands
All of these books are via Google books, in a preview mode that does not show all pages.

TOC for TGA Vol IV, No 1.

Remarks: Modified: 06/12/2018

06/12/2018 --

Wednesday, June 6, 2018

Pageant of Salem

Earlier, when we recognized the support of Lucie M. Gardner for The Massachusetts Magazine, we put in the image that was from 100 years ago.  Lucie continued Sidney Perley's work, reported on activities by groups (such as The Old Planters Society). She is also listed as an editor.


The recent issue of Gardner's Beacon, Vol. VIII, No. 1., mentions the upcoming 400th celebrations. Cape Ann, Essex Co., and Salem have several years to party, from 2023 to 2030. Following is about the 300th. VP Charles Dawes was in Salem for the ceremony. Dr. Frank was there, as were a whole lot of folk.


On June 13th and 14 and 16th and 17th of 1913, there was a Pageant presented by locals. Dr. Frank participated. He and his wife were the Roger Conants. Thomas and Margaret Gardner were played by Waldo D. Gardner and his sister. Lucie M. Gardner played the wife of William Jeffrey. Other families portrayed were Balch, Gray, Norman, Palfrey, and Allen.

The Pageant was presented by the management of the "The House of the Seven Gables Settlement Association" and was published (available via Google/books). The Pageant was "arrange and directed by Margaret Maclaren Eager" with Sidney Perley as consultant. There were many participants and supporters (see Pg 5). The following provides the structure of the Pageant.

  • Part I, Prelude (Naumkeag)
  • Episode 1 (a) The Indians at Naumkeag
  • Episode 1 (b) The Indians welcome the advent of the English, Roger Conant and Followers
  • Episode 2 Arrival of the ship "Abigail" with Governor Endicott and fifty English settlers, 1628
  • Episode 3 The forming of the First Church
  • Episode 4 (a) Roger Williams banished by the government
  • Episode 4 (b) The persecution of the Quakers
  • Episode 5 Salem deluded by witchcraft. Witchcraft unveiled and driven out. 
  • Part II, Episode 1 The coming of Governor Gage to hold Court at Salem, 1774
  • Episode 2 The ball given in honor of Governor Gage
  • Episode 3 The forming of the First Provincial Congress
  • Episode 4 (a) Leslie's retreat
  • Episode 4 (b) The Call to Arms
  • Part III, Commercial Days
  • Part IV, Nineteenth Century Days
  • Episode 1 The Salem of romance. Nathaniel Hawthorne
  • Episode 2 The close of the Civil War. Entrance of the Grand Army of the Republic.
  • Finale 
The Pageant material names all of those who acted. The Finale includes various lists of prominent persons of Salem by category. The image shows a few of the participants.

Remarks: Modified: 06/06/2018

06/06/2018 -- Need to prepare for 2023/4. Some, of literary inclinations, have looked back 200 years: American Jeremiad. But, we need to go back to the Cape Ann times and before.

Sources for GB, Vol VII, No 1

In the early issues, we included a list of Sources (love this page as it has the 2nd generation buttons which go back to the transition from OfficeLive (2010 start) of MS to HTML on Linux (2012). The issues related to configuration - technical and otherwise - are open - have not seen a real good solution - not Ancestry, thank you - go with Wordpress or otherwise - open to discussion). The last volume that we did in Sources was IV. 

Some of the posts for the issue of Gardner's Beacon had a short source list of References (example - Gardner's Beacon, Vol 2, No 5). 

Sources for GB, Vol VIII, No 1
For the future:

Others will be added. At some point, Sources will reestablish the proper mode with a Bibliography.

Remarks: Modified: 06/06/2018

06/06/2018 --

Tuesday, June 5, 2018

Gardner's Beacon, Vol VIII, No 1

This issue of Gardner's Beacon briefly looks two major events of the past four hundred years. We are just past Memorial Day with the 4th of July coming up. The respective wars were one hundred and fifty and two hundred and forty years ago. Given that Memorial Day has broadened in scope, one might expect it to become a major holiday celebrating more than the start of the summer months. It is natural that Thanksgiving will continue to be of interest.

But, we are facing the start of a long line of celebrations. A century ago, people honored the 300th: Pageant of Salem (1913). Charles Dawes was there in 1926.

The 400th of the Mayflower events is coming up in 2020; already activities have started to commemorate the lives of those who came over, prior to their trip west. Cape Ann will be recognized in 2023 and 2024. However, there were several other occurrences that will lead to celebration: Roger's arrival (1625), then John's entry (1627/8), and Rev. Higginson (1629). It was the last who was the ancestor of Col. Thomas Higginson who is known for his work with The Massachusetts Magazine and the Old Planters Society, among other things.

When 2030 comes around (Great Migration), there will be events at many locations for many years (Timeline of settlements).


The print of The Gardner Annals, Vols III and IV, is in final preparation. We will report on the status.

Included with the TGA volumes will be Gardner's Beacon issues from Vols IV through VII. The issue will cover the remaining volumes of The Massachusetts Magazine, report on a change made via an article in The Essex Genealogist, and present further material from David T. Gardner. Too, we will look at a few of the Gardner Research projects.


See Vol. VIII, No. 1 of Gardner's Beacon for a review of research to date. Sources.

Remarks: Modified: 06/06/2018

06/06/2018 --

Sunday, June 3, 2018

What is the American?

Back in December, I was reading a book review and noticed reference to 'martial law' being imposed in Virginia. The punishment was quite extreme, however we know that even the Puritans up north were well capable of meting out harsh treatment.

Recall that Virginia is New England (south) and is very much of interest. One might argue about different world views, however the same little island was the source for these people. Yes, we are talking the same people. And, they had the first Thanksgiving down there.

Too, there are lots of other parallels that we can look at. Northern families went south and west. The big conflict (still apropos, today) caught up many families and ought to be in our sight.

So, we have central themes to explore. As I have been reading The Massachusetts Magazine (have been through most of the issues - we will cover all articles and republish through time), themes/memes related to other issues came forth.

For instance, a 2011 book (Foster, Thomas A: New Men: Manliness in early America) quoted J.Hector St. John De Crevecoeur (who was written about by F.B. Sanborn):
  • What then, is the American, this new man? He is an American, who, leaving behind him all his ancient prejudices and manners, receives new ones from the new mode of life he has embraced.
Foster's book looks at both Virginia and the north. The former was military in scope from the beginning. We know of the Mayflower passenger and crew. Cape Ann was commercial. But, this is a topic that ought to, and will, get more attention.

BTW, Hector came over here as a young man, with introductions, and went to various locales during the time of the conflict with England. His essays are very much of interest.

An example of an American would be F. B. Sanborn. He was remembered in The Massachusetts Magazine, Volume X, No. 4.


There was never 'martial law' in the north that I have found. Rather, the north had the notion of liberty. In 1868, John Ward Dean published A Memoir of the Rev. Nathaniel Ward, A.M. He dedicated the book to Samuel Gardner Drake. Who was Nathaniel (besides a brother of an ancestor)? He wrote (compiled) The Body of Liberties (1641). This is a 'bill of rights' over 100 years prior to the Philly's crowd prancing around.


In regard to the Memoir, who was John and Samuel? Samuel Gardner Drake was an antiquarian in Boston. Also, Samuel was one of the founders of the NEHGS. His parents were Simeon Drake and Love Muchamore Tuck. Where did Gardner come from? Love's brother, Samuel Jones Tuck (of Boston), married Judith Gardner (of Nantucket) daughter of Uriah Gardner (b 1716) and Judith Bunker (d 1789). So, Judith was a descendant of Thomas and Margaret.

John was of Maine (History of the Dudley family, Librarian of the New England Genealogical Library) and was a member of the NEHGS. John has an extensive list of books on-line (UPenn). John is a descendant of Nathaniel Ward through a granddaughter, Mary, who married Benjamin Woodbridge. Mary was daughter of son, John (1609-1693).


This post was introductory covering a lot of territory. Before ending, here are a few items related to Samuel's namesakes. His first name came from his mother's brother. His middle name came from his uncle's wife.

Samuel's uncle: Samuel Jones Tuck - findagrave (we like this effort and try to support it); Tuck book, Love #100, Samuel #99.

Samuel's aunt: Judith Gardner's tree (Manning - we know, rootsweb had a major outage - months - so, how to correct for that?), notice major Nantucket, and Quaker, families 

I will experiment with this type of thing that would be a footnote for an ahnentafel (NEHGR reference - 2016). Over the past few years, I have collected thousands of these for the tree (with auxillary families) that I built by hand. Not only do they need to be organized to support other research, we need to check consistency twixt these things through time. Yes, lots of work.

Remarks: Modified: 06/06/2018

06/04/2018 -- Add in the remembrance of F.B. that was in TMM, Vol. X, No. 4.

06/06/2018 -- Need to prepare for 2023/4. Some, of literary inclinations, have looked back 200 years: American Jeremiad. But, we need to go back to the Cape Ann times and before.

Wednesday, May 23, 2018

TGA, Vol. IV, No. 1

We had our first print of the TGA, last year, when we did Volumes I and II (in black and white) with the first three Volumes of Gardner's Beacon.

We are finalizing the latest issue of The Gardner Annals which will be Volume IV, Number 1. As soon as we are done with that, we will prepare to print Volumes III and IV of the TGA.   We will do the next printing in color. Too, if there is interest, we can reprint Vols I and II in color.

As a reminder, the following is the Table of Contents for TGA, Vol III. With TGA Vol III and Vol IV, we will include issues from Volumes IV through VII of Gardner's Beacon.

In Vol. IV, we carry forward two of the articles. "Thomas Gardner and the Tudors" is an extension of "Bosworth and Gardners" which is being done by David T. Gardner of the Pennsylvania family. Then, we look at the remainder of the volumes of The Massachusetts Magazine that was published by Dr. Frank and friends from 1908 to 1918. A new subject article looks at a correction made to The Essex Genealogist which led to several articles from Gardner Research. Finally, we briefly look at current research that will be published in future issues: a continuation of the "Flyover country" work about the lonely grave of a Mayflower descendant out west (who cares? when there is partying going on back in Plymouth?), then we take a look at the founders of The Atlantic which started in Boston, of course, we look further at the Magna Carta, and take some time to refresh what is known about Nathaniel Eaton which the proviso that we will get the record filled out further (he is an ancestor of Dr. Frank).

In terms of The Massachusetts Magazine, for which we will publish the Table of Contents the remaining issues, here are some particulars to be dealt with.
  • Dr. Frank gathered old and new friends in order to do this publication. The old timers were from the era of the Civil War: Thomas Wentworth Higginson, F. B. Sanborn, and F. M. Thompson. Dr. Frank had an article in every one of the issues and did his pieces on those regiments at the Siege of Boston.  
  • Dr. Frank's sister, Lucie, helped edit and contributed articles. Of note is that she picked up the work of Sidney Perley who retired. Then, she reported on the groups that were meeting, such as the Old Planters Society
  • There were several other contributors. From reading these, we learned of Count Rumford, traversals out west (bleeding Kansas - Higginson and further west - F. M. Thompson). Too, we read of a friend of Ethan Allen who was here during the American Revolution (J. Hector St. John). And, we now know the Brit (R.A. Douglas-Lithgow, M.D. LLD) who wrote the History of Nantucket.    
  • We pondered about the demise of the magazine which was popular. No doubt, the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918 was a factor.  
From looking at magazines of the time, we learned about the dialog (yes) related to various parts of U.S. history that ought to be known. And, we found out about the Lyceum movement of the early 1800s. The impact was seen even out in Kansas (1890s). We will take time to look at various attempts, such as the Spirit of '76 that was adopted by S.A.R. yet failed.

Gardner research interests are varied. One of these would be doing the first five or so generations for each of the children. Now, how to get that further along?

Remarks: Modified: 06/18/2018

06/18/2018 -- The Gardner AnnalsVolume IV, Number 1,  published. Contents: The Massachusetts Magazine,  updating an article in the Essex Genealogist, Gardner and the Tudors, and Pending Research: Pseudo-wall, The Atlantic, Nathaniel Eaton. 

Monday, May 21, 2018

1907 chart

Dr. Frank took the time to fill in his ancestral chart using a approach patented by Rev. F.W. Bailey. So, we have an early 1900s analog of a printout from one of the modern apps. And, it is in his hand. I checked what he had against what I found out in my research. We agree. I just have access to more information, due to technology.

Nowadays, we can work from our desk whereas he had to travel and thumb through documents, many times. We have access to books that were being written in his time, albeit many of these are not worth much. Alas. Dr. Frank may have known several of these authors and have known their results. But, his efforts were contained to work in New England. The 1907 book dealt mainly with the family of Samuel.

Note: See "person list" for names in the 1907 book compared to those in the 1933 book (Gardner Memorial).

These are the main pages of the book that Dr. Frank filled in. Following are the ahnentafels for his Gardner grandparents. We will prepare these for his mother's side.
Cover of book

Again, one reason for starting with Dr. Frank was to leverage off of his work. In his 1907 book, we had the children and grandchildren for the other children of Thomas and Margaret. We really need something that pulls together the first three or four generations.

I propose using The Gardner Annals. We will be printing Volumes III and IV, soon. There is still time to offer something. An ahnentafel is easy to write.

Aside, Dr. Frank does include Anna Eaton. So, he knew. This subject will be further researched. That is, Dr. Frank and his cousins being descendant of Nathaniel Eaton. Yes, a story that needs a relook. Looks like fun.

It might be of interest to know that we intend to cover the Sir Christopher Gardner story, to boot.

Remarks: Modified: 05/21/2018

05/21/2018 --

Tuesday, April 24, 2018

NEHGS as mentor

I have been reviewing the Spring 2018 issue of NEHGS' American Ancestor and was given a much needed shot in the arm. The topic deals with the upcoming celebrations of the 400th of Mayflower event which are centered around 2020. Frankly, the scope was quite good, and we can look forward to more of this over the next couple of years and beyond.

Can't wait for all of the settlements to have their party: Timeline of settlements (from Weymouth (1622) to Worcester (1673). And, after. Of course, the list is incomplete (Wikipedia requires continual editorial help).

So, why a shot in the arm? Well, I'm in my 10th year of this work which I have done independently, but I already knew research, mathematics, and computing (which gives the particular bent of my posts). Of course, I started with ancestry[.]com but was off of it soon due to a remark by a D.A.R. registrar. Never looked back. Rather than research other options, I started my own format (works for me) and have millions of items to organize. As I have worked applications (a good exercise and test) to lineage groups (including GSMD), I got the chance to hone the material. As well, I did Dr. Frank's line which I have in ahnentafel (sourced) form (his two paternal grandparents - BB Gardner and LF Wilson).

Along that line, I just looked at a genealogy chart handwritten by Dr. Frank in 1907 (thereabouts). His father's line agrees with what I documented. However, I have more. I noticed that some Mayflower people are now mentioning John Billington (see NEHGS, above). I get to bring up Nathaniel Eaton (friend of John Harvard and first head of his school). And, I have a lot of material including a paper written by a member of The Eaton Families Association. The next TGA (print of Vol III and Vol IV) will include an article on this.

Essentially, Dr. Frank did not expand this tree, publicly. I can see why given what I have read out of Harvard. But, the whole story bears significance of some turmoils now. Just as the 200th of the western expansion pre-dated the major conflict twixt the north and the south, the 400th had lots to tell us about the U.S. and what it might be about. But, just in himself, Nathaniel is interesting (holder of several degrees, including M.D. and Ph.D); his Catholic leanings may have played a large part in his treatment, especially that which might be termed propaganda.

I have done the genealogy of enough now to have covered New England and Virginia and its environs. That leads to things that we ought to be doing. We need an effort to publish the first five generations from Thomas and Margaret. I finally got a chance to look at the Silver Books. Too, we need to go back and re-look. David T. Gardner, from a Pennyslvania Gardner family, has looked at how he might relate to Thomas. See King's Slayer Court. This was the first part that was published in TGA Vol. III. This and the next part will be in the print version (before summer 2018). BTW, mentioning propaganda, David has found some interesting Tudor material (interpretation will always an issue - like the ad, what's in your wallet? - how do you see this is not something to leave totally to experts). Thomas is almost a tabla rasa from what I have seen.

Yet, there is a lot that ought to be collected and organized. That is one task; as well, weighing in with a proper view ought to be more easily done when is little negative influence (such as, Endicott hanging Mary - no last name is needed).

So, we can watch the NEGHS over the next couple of years and learn a whole lot.

Too, we can look at the particulars that Thomas and Margaret bring to bear. Has that sort of thing not waited long enough for some attention?

Remarks: Modified: 04/24/2018

04/24/2018 -- 

Saturday, March 31, 2018

Spirit of '76

In the next TGA, we will provide the Table of Contents from all of the issues of The Massachusetts Magazine. While researching this publication, we found other magazines of the time, some of which are still being published (we will add Harper's Bazaar to the list). In many cases, there were members of the extended families involved. The last issue of the TMM was in 1918. 

I just became aware that an aunt (in-law) had a copy of a book in which Dr. Frank published some of his ancestry. The year was 1907 which was when he published the first book on Thomas Gardner, Planter.

The book was published by F. W. Bailey, who authored several books. He also worked out a format for a book that could be a keepsake. Upon looking up F. W. Bailey, I found that he had advertised in the Spirit of '76.
Ad in issue of October of 1903

What was the Spirit of '76? It was a magazine started, in New York, in 1894. It published until 1906; there are digitized copies of the issues which published monthly. This is the banner for the magazine.
Banner of the Spirit of '76
Its scope included the "history of the American People from the landing of the Pilgrims to the present time." Of note is that it was the voice for several organizations including S.A.R., but the finances were never quite right. D.A.R. started its The American Heritage about the same time and published until 2001. On browsing several issues, the Spirit of '76 covered the same material as did the magazine started by Dr. Frank and friends.

Cover from 1903.

So, expect more on this. Let's end with a little from an article in the Oct of 1903 issue.

Lots to discuss, but the topic very much applies today. Some information about the periodical is available in the book by W.E. Davies titled Patriotism on Parade: The Story of Veterans' and hereditary organizations, published by Harvard in 1955. 

Yearly, in D.C., the Hereditary Society Community, which is a collection of societies whose theme is herediatary, meets over a two week period. We will have more on that. 

Remarks: Modified: 05/21/2018

04/03/2018 -- We will be looking more closely at "The Spirit of '76" as a magazine (its time, format, and operational issues) and as a repository of information; as well, we will look further at the work of F.W. Bailey who compiled works on the early marriage of Connecticut and Worcester, MA.

In his 1st Volume of Massachusetts marriages - Worcester (1897), F.W. appended a two-page ad about his work and the ancestral record: Special Word and Greeting. Some families submitted their books to the Library of Congress.

F.W.'s page on George Washington (TSo76 -1898).

History. Looking at the magazines of 1890s and their illustrations, one's mind goes to the linotype: Linotype machine, The Year That Defined American Journalism: 1897 ... Personally, I remember the Linotype in use plus the early days of Phototypesetting through the days and versions of desktop publishing as it evolved. I might add, not as a printer, but as content provider, editor, and worry wart on getting the thing out on deadline.

05/21/2018 -- The information from the 1907 and the 2010 sources agree. We can now fill in Dr. Frank's maternal information: 1907 chart.

Sunday, February 11, 2018

Ground zero

Last time, we mentioned that January 1918 was the last publication of The Massachusetts Magazine. For possible contributing factors, we mentioned WWI as the United States was sending troops to Europe by the summer of 1918. Armistice followed that same year.

Coverage of flu cases, 1918
Another factor was that some of the earlier contributors aged or passed away: Col. Thomas Higginson, F.B. Sanborn, and others. Dr. Frank had collected editors and contributors from the ranks of Civil War veterans and various New England Illuminati.

Given the recent reminder, we must add the Spanish Flu. It was first observed in Kansas (Fort Riley) in March 1918. The map is from the Stanford University article on the pandemic (page has stale links, to be resolved). Not long after, the virus was seen at Camp Devens which is outside of Boston and was established in 1917.

This was the pandemic where we see rows and rows of cots with sick soldiers. During this time, medical personnel would have been extremely busy.

The base was named for Civil War general, Charles Bevens, who was involved in several battles in Virginia.

Remarks: Modified: 03/04/2018

03/04/2018 -- NIH, in 2004, published an article by JM Barry (The site of origin of the 1918 influenza pandemic and its public health implications) who had researched and written about the flu pandemic in 1918. JM points to Dr. Loring Miner as having observed cases in Haskell County in January and February of 1918. By March, the flu heavily hit Fort Riley. Haskell County is southwest of Dodge City and is named for Dudley C. Haskell who had moved to Lawrence, KS with his family in 1855. Dudley was the namesake of Haskell Indian Nations University.

Sunday, January 14, 2018

Last issue of The Massachusetts Magazine

While researching for the next issue (IV) of the TGA in which we will look at Volumes VI through XI of The Massachusetts Magazine, we were reminded that the last issue of this periodical was 100 years ago, this month (January 1918). This effort by Dr. Frank and friends ran for ten years. We looked at Volumes I through V in the last TGA issue (Vol III). These two will be printed under one cover in the spring of this year.

Frontispiece and counts by volume
So, how to look back at the effort and bring the TMM forward? As I read the articles, I have two things in mind. This was an American effort, as in the participants were, for the most part, of families who were involved with the development of the country, from the beginning. An example is Col. Higginson, His family is pre-Winthrop's arrival in 1630. Too, Gardner and Higginson go way back. Dr. Frank's publisher was Higginson.

The image shows the page count by volumes for the TMM. Volume I was published in 1908. For the most part, the issues were quarterly. In each issue, Dr. Frank presented material related to a regiment that was at the Siege of Boston. Lucie, his sister, carried on Sidney Perley's work for several issues. Judge Thompson presented several articles on his western adventure as a youth, not long after the trek of Lewis and Clark.

As one looks at the TOC of each issue (see this post for a listing - TMM, Vol. I and II which starts a series that provides links to's digitized issues), one sees that things get sparse about five years in. After our initial introductory look at each issue, which is about done (TGA Vols III and IV), we will start to do a deeper dive into the material. A lot of the topics are still apropos. And, looking at the TMM got me to look at other periodicals, such as The Atlantic (still publishing, albeit they moved from Boston to DC). Also, other topics, such as the Lyceum, came to the attention.

Remarks: Modified: 06/04/2018

01/20/2018 -- As we go through the remaining volumes (VI through XI), we are accumulating more material for additional research and publication. In 1917, the culmination of the discussion about Europe was the U.S. conscription and the initiation of U.S. troop involvement in Europe.

In the October issue of the TMM, in 1914, there was a report on the attitude about Europe. New England favored the Allies. The majority of the respondents to the survey of the Literary Digest were neutral. The survey was of editors of newspapers in the U.S.

Prior to that year, there had been many articles provided by older gents, such as Col. Higginson, F.B. Sanborn and F.M. Thompson who were veterans of the U.S. Civil war. Judge Thompson wrote a series on his western jaunt. Now that we have gone through the entire Table of Contents (all issues) with a quick read, we can get into the depth of the articles and study how they pertain to our interest in research. We intend to publish the digitized pages in future TGA issues.

02/11/2018 -- The Spanish flu would have been a contributing factor to the demise of The Massachusetts Magazine. The flu was first observed in Kansas in March of 1918, however it was in Massachusetts by summer.

02/16/2018 -- Our first post on The Massachusetts Magazine was May 28, 2014. Since then, we have published a copy of the Table of Contents for each issue and have reviewed all of the issues. The first five volumes were summarized in The Gardner Annals (Vol. III), We will have a similar look at the last six volumes in the next issue of The Gardner Annals. TGA Vol III and Vol IV are expected to print in the spring of 2018.

06/04/2018 -- The absence of the magazine was felt.