New England author, R.A. Douglas-Lithgow, MD, LLD, was a busy guy. Not only was he a medical practitioner, he wrote on the subject. RA wrote on literature. Then, when he came to Boston later in life, he produced notable books (Nantucket, Place Names, etc.) and articles, including contributing to The Massachusetts Magazine.
Summer is over, so inside work that was sitting awaits. Mrs. Martha (Humphreys) Maltby - Genesis of the White Family, pg 68, via Google Books. Looking at possible links to the Little Bourton family; Elizabeth White married a Gardner from there.
Material found while researching for Gardner's Beacon, Vol. VI, No. 1.11/10/2015
Ran across a blog that is well researched: historyofmassachusetts.org.07/01/2015
Index to the "Contents of this Issue" and to the Regimental History Series from The Massachusetts Magazine of Dr. Frank and friends.
Dr. Frank A.'s essay, reprinted from The Massachusetts Magazine: John Endicott and the men who came to Salem in the Abigail in 1628.
Both New England and the Gardners had a close tie with all things naval, some of which are lessor known, say ropewalking. Or, if they are not known, they are assumed. One of these is sail making. The motivation for looking at this was trying to understand the difference between the old sail canvas and tent canvas of old. During the Civil War, many sail makers converted to making tents for the U.S. Army as a means to replace business lost to war.
So, looking at the older sail cloth material (acknowledging that modern materials are the focus, now), one thinks of hemp, flax, and cotton. Turns out that linen was the prominent material until cotton was more readily available and treatable. But, wool was in there early.
The following are pointers of interest. A study based upon woolen sails found being used as insulation for old buildings: Viking woollen square-sails and fabric cover factor (pdf - sponsored by Reik Felag). Viking Ship Museum (Woollen sailcloth). Nordic TAG Conference (The introduction of sails to Scandinavia: Raw materials, labour and land).
The Gardner Memorial (1933) is on-line.
- Queen of the Back Bay, (2012) Bahne C., Chronicles of Old Boston, Chapter 22
- Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, (2011) Boston Landmarks Commission Study Report
- barque Bostonian, timeline prior to 1850 shipwreck