Wednesday, June 27, 2018

Sources for TGA, Vol IV, No 1

Earlier, we discussed, briefly, the sources for a recent issue of Gardner's Beacon, namely Vol VIII, No 1 that published in early June. We will do something similar for The Gardner Annals for which we just published Vol IV, No 1. 

See What's new for regular postings: 
  • 06/18/2018 -- The Gardner AnnalsVolume IV, Number 1,  published. Contents: The Massachusetts Magazine,  updating an article in the Essex Genealogist, Gardner and the Tudors, and Pending Research: Pseudo-wall, The Atlantic, Nathaniel Eaton. 
We will reconfigure our Research and Annals section, hopefully with a common reference strategy that will include a bibliography.


This recent issue covered several topics including finishing up scanning the articles of The Massachusetts Magazine and presenting the Table of Contents for each issue. In this review, we ran across lots of characters who will be looked at more closely as we did take the time to research both older and newer material.

For instance, we have a lot of information about Judge Thompson. It was a year ago when we first started to read about him. And, several items have come out of his Reminisces, such as his experiences with Henry Plummer who was hanged by the vigilantes in Montana.   

The following are some additional links which will be updated as we run into material. 

We will be adding other material, such as that associated with F. B. Sanborn, and more.


Finally, as we get the print of TGA Vols III and IV ready, we are looking at the next issue. As such, our focus will be of three things that pertain to the past, present and future. That is, the 400 years of history provide a rich source for continuing analysis and subsequent improvement.

Those three topics are culture, history and genealogy. The American experiment is without doubt known across the globe and offers a never-ending platform that is as broad as one might expect, namely human culture. Then, history deals with time and events relating to the culture where we have various actors by generation.

Given the upcoming even of the 4th of July, we might take Rev. John Wise as an example who was the 'inspiration' for the Declaration of Independence according to President Coolidge. He pre-dated Jefferson's efforts by decades. Rev. John's milieu was Ipswich, Massachusetts. He was the son of a butcher and a graduate of Harvard. We will be writing about him, again.

Remarks: Modified: 09/30/2018

09/22/2018 -- We are about ready to print TGA Vol III and IV with the remaining issues of Gardner's Beacon. We will do this in both black and white and color. Table of Contents for TGA Vol. III is shown in the image. Last fall, we printed TGA Vol I and II

09/30/2018 -- The print version is at the printers. 

Saturday, June 16, 2018

Magazine: American museum

As we complete TGA Vol. IV, No. 1, we look at how to report on all of the references that Gardner Research has used. We have started a bibliography but need a better way to discuss research issues. To date, we have also used blog posts.

This post deals with two references to magazines that get some attention in the coming issue of the TGA. Last year, as we were reviewing the first five volumes of the Massachusetts Magazine (Wikipedia), we looked at the other attempts at publishing about that time, for several reasons. For one, they are a point-in-time capture of the state of things related to U.S. history. We use an example out of Dr. Frank's periodical experience, below. But, Hector St. John is an example of someone being here and then writing in Europe. He needs as much attention as Lafayette. The French loved his revolutionary-war era tales.

We can put these types of things into a timeline related to the U.S., something like this: 1770 to 1840, 1840 to 1890, 1890 to 1940. The middle period would include a lot, such as the Southern Literary Messenger. For one thing, printing technology improves. Also, we have The Atlantic which still publishes having started in 1857; imagine the modern approach compared to one hundred and sixty years ago.

Dr. Frank's MM would be in the last period. We will be able to present the entire TOC with the coming print of TGA volumes III and IV. We will post when the copies are ready.

But, going back to the first period (1770 to 1840), we can look at part of one volume of The Massachusetts Magazine which is on-line: Massachusetts Magazine or Monthly museum. This volume is from 1794 for six months. It started printing in 1789 out of Boston. The Library Journal (Volume 14) for 1889 mentions that this periodical published until 1796.

In that same time period, we had the American museum that started out of Philadelphia in 1787. The publisher was Mathew Carey (biography). This is an example issue: The American Museum or Repository of Ancient and Modern Fugitive Pieces ... It is huge involving a lot of work. And, Carey had a large subscription list, unfortunately, many of which were free (the list is categorized by State - Massachusetts is first). So, Carey had to stop publishing after five years.

From the beginning, there was print activity everywhere in the U.S. So, we will see lots of examples in those defined periods. Without the modern shipping methods, most of these efforts stayed local. However, the American Museum had a nationwide (at the time) audience. The Southern Literary Messenger, with Poe as editor, started in the first of the groupings but continued well into the second. As such (with other examples), it demonstrated views held by some. Seeing these in the original context and voice helps understand issues.

Again, the thematic thrust is the 400 years that went into the making of the U.S. as it is now. And, freedom of press is a crucial point. Too, juxtaposing the turmoils, including operational aspects, of those three periods with today's whizzbang methods might just provide some needed insight.


Now, Frank's magazine was in the last period, but here is an example of content related to the second. Namely, F. M. Thompson wrote of his western experience starting with his banking work in several mid-western states. This is worth looking at more closely due to his detailed report. Fortunately, F.M. was consistent in that. Montana, in 2004, picked up his articles from The Massachusetts Magazine and published them (it is noted that the material came directly from Dr. Frank's periodical). The title of the book is Tenderfoot in Montana (via Google). K.N. Owens did the editing and included some useful maps in the beginning of his introduction. We will look at that further.

Some of the events that F.M. wrote about are in Wikipedia, referencing other material. However, we will get his name back in the scope of things. He helped design the Seal of the State. Also, he ran a mercantile business in a mining town of about 10,000. Bannack is now a ghost town. It is protected; there is some shindig there yearly. F.M. left to return to Massachusetts where his future bride was waiting. F.M. is quite graphic about the life in the wilds of those times. So, his writing is a gem. The early part about banking is apropos, still, to discussions that seem to reawaken every generation.

In a chapter on vigilantes, F.M. describes the crime, the arguments of frontier justice, and that several men were hanged. In Massachusetts, F. M. was a judge. We will look further into that. 

Remarks: Modified: 06/17/2018

06/17/2018 -- In looking at the Wikipedia page on Henry Plummer, hanged by the vigilantes, there is no reference to his marriage which F.M. noted (later a judge in Massachusetts). There was no reference to F.M., at all, in the write (yes, some fiction is referenced - sign of the times), so we need to correct that oversight.

Tuesday, June 12, 2018

Early America

Our scope, of course, goes back to the beginning. As I finish up TGA Vol. IV, No. 1, various subjects related to the early times come up due to the review of all articles in The Massachusetts Magazine. At the bottom of this post is the TOC for the upcoming issue.

We have written about F. B. Sanborn (What is an American?). In TMM, Vol. IX, No. 2, pg 163, F. B. wrote about Hector St. John (namesake of St. John's, VT). Hector was here for a while, got caught in the Revolution, was captured by the Brits, taken back to England, and then got back to his folks in France. There, he wrote retrospectives of what he saw. They were immensely popular due to his first hand experience. Of note is that he experienced the time of turmoil and that he had a good opinion of the U.S. (which was to be). People on the continent were interested in what was going on. A little later, the French had their own revolution.

There have been some interesting looks at Hector and kindred souls. This is an example of a few works concerning Hector.
  • Hector's first work: Letters from an American farmer
  • Describing Early America - compilation by Pamela Regis. Includes an essay by Hector. 
  • Crevecoeur's Eighteenth-Century Travels in Pennyslvania & New York, translated/edited by Percy G. Adams. The following is the Table of Contents. 
I.     A trip up the Hudson
II.    Colonel Woodhull of Schunnemunk Valley
III.   A tour of the chief ironworks of New York
IV.   In the backwoods of Pennsylvania -
              the schoolteacher from Connecticut - a
                 Northumberland county pioneer
V.     In the backwoods of Pennsylvania -
               at the home of a Polish refugee in Luzerne County
VI.    Lost on a bee hunt in Bedford County
VII.   The bachelor farmer of Cherry Valley
VIII.  The Indian Council at Onondaga -
                the arrival
IX.     The Indian Council at Onondaga -
                 the great debate between Kesketomah and Koohassen
X.      A winter among the Mohawks, or, The story of Catta-Wassy
XI.     Niagara in Winter
XII.    Agouehghon, the Coohassa-Onas of Niagara
XIII.   Two Indian tales
XIV.    Wabemat's Reward, or, Why the first beaver was made
XV.     The use made of salt in American, and, The mountain pasture lands
All of these books are via Google books, in a preview mode that does not show all pages.

TOC for TGA Vol IV, No 1.

Remarks: Modified: 06/12/2018

06/12/2018 --

Wednesday, June 6, 2018

Pageant of Salem

Earlier, when we recognized the support of Lucie M. Gardner for The Massachusetts Magazine, we put in the image that was from 100 years ago.  Lucie continued Sidney Perley's work, reported on activities by groups (such as The Old Planters Society). She is also listed as an editor.


The recent issue of Gardner's Beacon, Vol. VIII, No. 1., mentions the upcoming 400th commemorations. Cape Ann, Essex Co., and Salem have several years to party, from 2023 to 2030. Following is about the 300th. VP Charles Dawes was in Salem for the ceremony. Dr. Frank was there, as were a whole lot of folk.


On June 13th and 14 and 16th and 17th of 1913, there was a Pageant presented by locals. Dr. Frank participated. He and his wife were the Roger Conants. Thomas and Margaret Gardner were played by Waldo D. Gardner and his sister. Lucie M. Gardner played the wife of William Jeffrey. Other families portrayed were Balch, Gray, Norman, Palfrey, and Allen.

The Pageant was presented by the management of the "The House of the Seven Gables Settlement Association" and was published (available via Google/books). The Pageant was "arrange and directed by Margaret Maclaren Eager" with Sidney Perley as consultant. There were many participants and supporters (see Pg 5). The following provides the structure of the Pageant.

  • Part I, Prelude (Naumkeag)
  • Episode 1 (a) The Indians at Naumkeag
  • Episode 1 (b) The Indians welcome the advent of the English, Roger Conant and Followers
  • Episode 2 Arrival of the ship "Abigail" with Governor Endicott and fifty English settlers, 1628
  • Episode 3 The forming of the First Church
  • Episode 4 (a) Roger Williams banished by the government
  • Episode 4 (b) The persecution of the Quakers
  • Episode 5 Salem deluded by witchcraft. Witchcraft unveiled and driven out. 
  • Part II, Episode 1 The coming of Governor Gage to hold Court at Salem, 1774
  • Episode 2 The ball given in honor of Governor Gage
  • Episode 3 The forming of the First Provincial Congress
  • Episode 4 (a) Leslie's retreat
  • Episode 4 (b) The Call to Arms
  • Part III, Commercial Days
  • Part IV, Nineteenth Century Days
  • Episode 1 The Salem of romance. Nathaniel Hawthorne
  • Episode 2 The close of the Civil War. Entrance of the Grand Army of the Republic.
  • Finale 
The Pageant material names all of those who acted. The Finale includes various lists of prominent persons of Salem by category. The image shows a few of the participants.

Remarks: Modified: 07/17/2019

06/06/2018 -- Need to prepare for 2023/4. Some, of literary inclinations, have looked back 200 years: American Jeremiad. But, we need to go back to the Cape Ann times and before.

07/17/2019 -- Changed to using commemoration.

Sources for GB, Vol VIII, No 1

In the early issues, we included a list of Sources (love this page as it has the 2nd generation buttons which go back to the transition from OfficeLive (2010 start) of MS to HTML on Linux (2012). The issues related to configuration - technical and otherwise - are open - have not seen a real good solution - not Ancestry, thank you - go with Wordpress or otherwise - open to discussion). The last volume that we did in Sources was IV. 

Some of the posts for the issue of Gardner's Beacon had a short source list of References (example - Gardner's Beacon, Vol 2, No 5). 

Sources for GB, Vol VIII, No 1
For the future:
Others will be added. At some point, Sources will reestablish the proper mode with a Bibliography.

Remarks: Modified: 07/13/2018

06/27/2018 -- Looking at a common source strategy for GB and TGA. 

07/13/2018 -- Added to the American Jeremiad bullet and inserted the H.B. Adams material, courtesy of Johns Hopkins (and Berkeley's library). 

Tuesday, June 5, 2018

Gardner's Beacon, Vol VIII, No 1

This issue of Gardner's Beacon briefly looks two major events of the past four hundred years. We are just past Memorial Day with the 4th of July coming up. The respective wars were one hundred and fifty and two hundred and forty years ago. Given that Memorial Day has broadened in scope, one might expect it to become a major holiday celebrating more than the start of the summer months. It is natural that Thanksgiving will continue to be of interest.

But, we are facing the start of a long line of celebrations. A century ago, people honored the 300th: Pageant of Salem (1913). Charles Dawes was there in 1926.

The 400th of the Mayflower events is coming up in 2020; already activities have started to commemorate the lives of those who came over, prior to their trip west. Cape Ann will be recognized in 2023 and 2024. However, there were several other occurrences that will lead to celebration: Roger's arrival (1625), then John's entry (1627/8), and Rev. Higginson (1629). It was the last who was the ancestor of Col. Thomas Higginson who is known for his work with The Massachusetts Magazine and the Old Planters Society, among other things.

When 2030 comes around (Great Migration), there will be events at many locations for many years (Timeline of settlements).


The print of The Gardner Annals, Vols III and IV, is in final preparation. We will report on the status.

Included with the TGA volumes will be Gardner's Beacon issues from Vols IV through VII. The issue will cover the remaining volumes of The Massachusetts Magazine, report on a change made via an article in The Essex Genealogist, and present further material from David T. Gardner. Too, we will look at a few of the Gardner Research projects.


See Vol. VIII, No. 1 of Gardner's Beacon for a review of research to date. Sources.

Remarks: Modified: 06/06/2018

06/06/2018 --

Sunday, June 3, 2018

What is the American?

Back in December, I was reading a book review and noticed reference to 'martial law' being imposed in Virginia. The punishment was quite extreme, however we know that even the Puritans up north were well capable of meting out harsh treatment.

Recall that Virginia is New England (south) and is very much of interest. One might argue about different world views, however the same little island was the source for these people. Yes, we are talking the same people. And, they had the first Thanksgiving down there.

Too, there are lots of other parallels that we can look at. Northern families went south and west. The big conflict (still apropos, today) caught up many families and ought to be in our sight.

So, we have central themes to explore. As I have been reading The Massachusetts Magazine (have been through most of the issues - we will cover all articles and republish through time), themes/memes related to other issues came forth.

For instance, a 2011 book (Foster, Thomas A: New Men: Manliness in early America) quoted J.Hector St. John De Crevecoeur (who was written about by F.B. Sanborn):
  • What then, is the American, this new man? He is an American, who, leaving behind him all his ancient prejudices and manners, receives new ones from the new mode of life he has embraced.
Foster's book looks at both Virginia and the north. The former was military in scope from the beginning. We know of the Mayflower passenger and crew. Cape Ann was commercial. But, this is a topic that ought to, and will, get more attention.

BTW, Hector came over here as a young man, with introductions, and went to various locales during the time of the conflict with England. His essays are very much of interest.

An example of an American would be F. B. Sanborn. He was remembered in The Massachusetts Magazine, Volume X, No. 4.


There was never 'martial law' in the north that I have found. Rather, the north had the notion of liberty. In 1868, John Ward Dean published A Memoir of the Rev. Nathaniel Ward, A.M. He dedicated the book to Samuel Gardner Drake. Who was Nathaniel (besides a brother of an ancestor)? He wrote (compiled) The Body of Liberties (1641). This is a 'bill of rights' over 100 years prior to the Philly's crowd prancing around.


In regard to the Memoir, who was John and Samuel? Samuel Gardner Drake was an antiquarian in Boston. Also, Samuel was one of the founders of the NEHGS. His parents were Simeon Drake and Love Muchamore Tuck. Where did Gardner come from? Love's brother, Samuel Jones Tuck (of Boston), married Judith Gardner (of Nantucket) daughter of Uriah Gardner (b 1716) and Judith Bunker (d 1789). So, Judith was a descendant of Thomas and Margaret.

John was of Maine (History of the Dudley family, Librarian of the New England Genealogical Library) and was a member of the NEHGS. John has an extensive list of books on-line (UPenn). John is a descendant of Nathaniel Ward through a granddaughter, Mary, who married Benjamin Woodbridge. Mary was daughter of son, John (1609-1693).


This post was introductory covering a lot of territory. Before ending, here are a few items related to Samuel's namesakes. His first name came from his mother's brother. His middle name came from his uncle's wife.

Samuel's uncle: Samuel Jones Tuck - findagrave (we like this effort and try to support it); Tuck book, Love #100, Samuel #99.

Samuel's aunt: Judith Gardner's tree (Manning - we know, rootsweb had a major outage - months - so, how to correct for that?), notice major Nantucket, and Quaker, families 

I will experiment with this type of thing that would be a footnote for an ahnentafel (NEHGR reference - 2016). Over the past few years, I have collected thousands of these for the tree (with auxillary families) that I built by hand. Not only do they need to be organized to support other research, we need to check consistency twixt these things through time. Yes, lots of work.

Remarks: Modified: 01/06/2019

06/04/2018 -- Add in the remembrance of F.B. that was in TMM, Vol. X, No. 4.

06/06/2018 -- Need to prepare for 2023/4. Some, of literary inclinations, have looked back 200 years: American Jeremiad. But, we need to go back to the Cape Ann times and before.