This issue of Gardner's Beacon continues with the context of our previous issue with respect to a regular presentation of ongoing work as well as reviews of common interests. The PDF has links to support further reading and research.
Tuesday, March 29, 2022
TL;DR -- So, 1st governor? That has been mentioned. Today, we find another view brought into the mix after a decade of research. We really appreciate this addition.
We have several themes involved with the work of Gardner Research. One of these motivates the post. But, let's look at another one first. It has to do with the families at Cape Ann some of whom moved over to the area that became Salem. Some went back, such as John Tilley who was featured in a recent NEHGR article. A little later, of the first class at Harvard, the majority went back. Some not to return such as George Downing. With regard to Harvard, we had people coming over just to attend.
Our interest is to find the Cape Ann families and their modern offspring. Say, like this view of the signers of one of the documents related to the Revolution (see Different Scopes). To that we would add some material about Loyalists. In one of these posts (see Two Houses), we match up the two sides, one of which was a Founder of the Society of Cincinnati.
Okay, let's go to the other theme after listing a few posts that we have had related to Cape Ann.
Remarks: Modified: 03/25/2022
Sunday, March 27, 2022
TL;DR -- This month, the Gairdner Foundation announced a special award for a woman researcher who will be identified in early April. We had known of the organization since our own early research and went to find out about Women's History Month. We also took the opportunity to mention a few (via a post) of the women who will be subject to attention in our work. We have written many posts about the women of interest to 'All things Gardner' over the years and will index these references.
Earlier in the month, we saw the Gaidner Foundation's post on Women's History Month on their Facebook page and wrote our own blog post. We had made reference to the non-profit organization over the years. The founder was of a family from Scotland who wanted to support medical research. He founded the organization in the 1950s. Now, it offers yearly prizes and keeps up the interest with a ceremony held yearly. To date, 97 of those who got an annual Gairdner Foundation award went on to obtain a Nobel Prize. That is something to look at further, especially in how to support technology and research of such which is our interest.
Gairdner was going to announce a special award in early April for a woman researcher. We will be paying attention. Also, on their FB page, they have listed some of the female winners their prize. The first such recipient was Eleanor Zaimis in 1959.
Drew Gilpin Faust was the 28th President. The current occupant of the office is the 29th. President Faust was from the American South but does have New England genealogical connections. She was one of the few Heads who was not a graduate of Harvard. Faust attended Bryn Mawr.
Speaking of Bryn Mawr, we stopped to look at its history in Quakerism. Turns out that one of its professors had fled Nazi Germany. She was a mathematician of note and is buried in the U.S. We are speaking of Prof. Emmy Noether who was from a mathematical family that was split. She will come back into attention, again, due to the mathematical aspects of some technology issues.
Over the years, we have had many posts about women in the long 400 years from early New England down to the present day. One task will be to identify these as we get going in our 12th year.
Women's History Month has been declared for several years now but has a long history back to 1909. see details at the website for the National Women's History Museum. The early references relate to International Women's Day.
Remarks: Modified: 03/25/2023
Monday, March 21, 2022
TL;DR -- While researching John Tilley, we saw references to material from the works of Felt and went to see who he was. One of the first hits was from AMSTATNEWS. Okay, that's significant. Turned out to be a recent article. Looking further, we saw that he had lots of publications accomplished. And, he did statistical work for the State of Massachusetts, hence the interest of the American Statistical Association.
--ohn Tilley and finding out that our reference of work (say, Annals of Salem) by Felt was quite extensive but without details about who he was (Felt, that is). So, on looking, we find an article at AMSTATNEWS which is the membership magazine of the American Statistical Association (was a member once upon a time). The article? Joseph Barlow Felt. Actually, we were trying to fill in information about Rev. Felt, as, in many references in post to Felt, there was only one that mentioned his first name (our bad). And getting mentioned in AMSTATNEWS requires some attention. It was recent, 2014, so let's look at another.
Rev. Felt was mentioned in the Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society in 1876. He was about 100 years prior to Dr. Frank which is about 100 prior to our time. So, he is a child of a Patriot which we will look at further. See Memoir of Joseph Barlow Felt, LL. D. His parents were John Felt and Elizabeth Curtis. He matriculated at Dartmouth. Later, got an honorary from them.
Rev. Felt's WikiTree profile is sparse. That needs some correction. Gosh, he was the president of the New England Historical and Genealogical Society.
Definitely oversights abound.
Remarks: Modified: 03/21/2022
TL;DR -- John Tilley has been of interest from day one, as we learned about Cape Ann and its history. As with the others, what happened to John after Conant got the group to move to the to-be Salem area? Finally, we have a research report. It confirms that John was at Cape Ann. His father was an investor in the Dorchester Company. He went back. Then, he married in England. The couple returned not long after Winthrop's arrival. The couple was in Dorchester, MA and Saybrook/Windsor, CT. John may have had a daughter. And, he was tortured and died in sight of his peers.
According to Dr. Frank who was quoting Rev. Hubbard and Rev. Joseph B. Felt, John Tilley came with Thomas Gardner into the Cape Ann area to establish a colony. The former was the head of fishing endeavors; the latter was in charge of the planting aspects. The intent, by the way of the Dorchester Company, was to begin regular shipment of feedstuff back to the jolly old country. So, as a peer of Thomas, John Tilley got our attention early. And, we didn't know about any offspring. So, we added him to our not-to-be-forgotten list which included Joseph Gardner.
But, the capitalists had expectations that were too high. And, they sent in Roger Conant to try to improve on matters which did not work due to the poor conditions at the chosen location among other things. Then, things went south. Conant move the colony to what was to become Salem. Some followed. Others had unknown fates. One of these was John Tilley. And, Thomas Gardner was not of the mix as he received no recognition with respect to what became the focus of the Old Planters of Beverly society.
Conant was well documented by his family. We have lots of information about Thomas, some of it might be fictive (See the "What we know" post that needs to be updated). On the other hand, we did find their marriage. That is, Thomas and Margaret Fryer are noted to have married in Dorset. Also, after much digging, we think that Thomas and Margaret stayed in Cape Ann with their kids in the house until John Endicott arrived. There were other families at Cape Ann which we intend to research.
This post is about the family of John Tilley which was featured in an article in the recent NEHGR by one of the consulting editors. His father was William Tilley.
father of John Tilley, Cape Ann
The Original 119 Members
John Tilley's father was an investor in the Dorchester Co. Investors (our post). Roger Conant's brother was an investor, as well. (We know that a Gardner was married to a sister of Rev. John White MA (1574/5 - 1648) (our post). Frances Rose-Troup noted that he came over and went back and was buried there. So, some connection to an investor would not be out of the question.)
John went back after the Conant move. And married. (see Paine sisters on people going back.) Then, the couple returned. Went to Dorchester. Later, they were in Windsor, CT.
John was stated to have harsh words with Lion Gardiner. (Great) John went north as he stated that he would. On the way back, he was captured by the American Indians and tortured. That included having both of his hands and feet cut off, and other atrocities. The Indians said that John performed well (when men were men - BTW, this all happened within sight of his fort'd peers. How's that for leaving men behind?)
There was no known connection established with John Tilley of the Mayflower.
Tilley-954 has a good start on a Profile for John at WikiTree. He married Edith (Moorecock) Garland, a widow. In England. There is a probable daughter, Elizabeth Tilley who married Thomas Merrick. After John died, Edith married Nicholas Camp.
The article provides information about the two brothers who came over.
Several of the families of Cape Ann have been researched, such as the Woodbury family. But, do we have a good list of the families. Many lists are based upon families that went with Conant (see Families at Cape Ann) or are mentioned in work by the Old Planters Society started by Dr. Gardner and Col. Higginson. We attempt a survey to find out where there are missing pieces to look for.
Remarks: Modified: 04/07/2022
Sunday, March 13, 2022
TL;DR -- Following threads, our looking at a theorem got us paying attention to a mathematician who came over to Bryn Mawr. We will skip over the technology piece of the matter, for now, and look at what Bryn Mawr offers us. We have already written of two graduates. Bryn Mawr history goes back to William Penn who was born in 1644 and was a cohort of the children of Thomas Gardner and Margaret Friar. Besides Emmy Noether being a professor, so too was Woodrow Wilson who went to head Princeton and while doing so appointed Horace Kallen as a teacher. We look at connections with the family. As well as look at technology connects later, we will follow north-south colonial links which culminated, somewhat, in the Civil War.
This month, we have had posts with a Women's History Month as the theme. Today, we were looking at the life of Emmy Noether, for several reasons. She ended up at Bryn Mawr as a professor of mathematics. We knew of that college due to a family member attending and thought to look at the specifics of the college. After a brief look, we thought to mention one other professor and look at a couple of graduates.
In 2020, we had a post about Emily Greene Balch. She is a descendant of Sarah who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1946. At the time that we were writing of her, we saw that the first woman to receive the Prize was of a family who had received land from William Penn, too. Emily was a graduate of Bryn Mawr which was founded on a farm built upon land provided by a grant from Penn.
Beyond that connection, we are talking Pennsylvania and the Quaker movement. We have had several posts on the theme of Quaker lives in the American colonies. Thomas married a Quaker widow. Several of his children were Quakers including the two whose lives on Nantucket are of continual interest.
Now, switching back to the professors, Emmy came over to Bryn Mawr as the Nazi movement was taking hold on Germany. We will be looking at her work in detail with respect to technology's influence on our lives, especially in the troublesome manner that seems to want to always manifest itself. Another professor was Woodrow Wilson prior to his stint at Princeton and then the White House. He appointed Horace Kallen who was a graduate of Harvard as a teacher at Princeton. Horace is known for his work in American pluralism.
Remarks: Modified: 03/25/2023
Wednesday, March 9, 2022
TL;DR -- We continue our look at U.S. history by way of the Heads of Harvard with a look at the first Head of the 18th Century. This was shortly after the Witch ordeal of Andover and a couple of generations prior to the U.S. revolution. John Leverette initiated the changes that resulted in the eventual 'secular' turn at Harvard.
We continue to use the Heads of Harvard (Wikipedia) to establish our index for the U.S. through time. Initially, the interests were several, but we have started with this look: History of Harvard (ours); History of the Presidency (Harvard); graduates of Harvard (list initiated by Hoar); and Harvard in the long history of the U.S. We are about 1/2 way through these folks. After getting the list going, we will tie the goings on back to these Heads in terms of general happenings as well as specific family involvements.Wikipedia, WikiTree) on the list of Heads earlier, it was seeing his predecessors that motivated today's entry. Also, we learned a little about his family. His grandfather was Governor and also a member of the Artillery Company of Massachusetts. Leverette was Head of Harvard after Increase Mather left his role to be follow by Samuel Willard who fell ill while serving as an interim Head.
The biography at Harvard has interesting information about Leverett's contributions to making Harvard a liberal institution while firming up its style as well as the demeanor of the students. This period is right about the turn of the 18th century with the closure of the Salem turmoils and a couple of generations prior to the U.S. revolution. Leverette was instrumental in starting the secular turn of Harvard, according to its Historian, Samuel E. Morrison.
Remarks: Modified: 03/09/2022
TL;DR -- We continue our look at U.S. history by way of the Heads of Harvard with a look at the first female Head. Drew Gilpin Faust was from Virginia and a Historian of the Civil War.
---Our look at the Heads of Harvard (Wikipedia) has been quite useful with only a cursory look. We will be taking this theme as a regular meme while we continue the review of the U.S. through time. Initially, the interests were several, but we have started with this look:
- History of Harvard (ours);
- History of the Presidency (Harvard);
- graduates of Harvard (list initiated by Hoar); and
- Harvard in the long history of the U.S.
Her biography at Harvard is the index (get direct link) of the archive.org collection. She was a Historian of the Civil War and from Virginia, a southern state. As well as looking at her accomplishments, we will look at the family history for connections to New England, north.
Remarks: Modified: 03/13/2022
Tuesday, March 8, 2022
TL;DR -- Themes become memes and endure. Technology assists, in ways we do not even think about. But, will. For good or bad, we have to look at matters related to progress and change. Looking back can provide a framework which offers types of insights that we need to hone. With respect to medical research, the Gairdner Awards foundation is an example of successful handling of a particular focus. We will be looking more at that.
We have mentioned this organization a couple of times in the blog but ran into their work almost in the beginning. Early on, we had lots of questions about the name and the families and started to look at All things Gardner. 'Gairdner' is obviously close to 'Gardner' and other variants of the name. This family is from Scotland. What caught out attention, though, was their work in supporting medical research. From the start, we have had research as a focus. Initially, there was a lot to do to fill in what for what we didn't know and are still working that.
Why? The more we find out, the more questions arise. Too, it is our experience that the U.S. plays an unique role in the world which might be associated with the Americas, in general. So, issues of history, culture, and family will continue to get attention (see post on Culture, History, and Technology). It may not have been apparent, but we see technology, in general, a being of prime importance going forward.
We have had several post related to the theme of technology. Here are a few:
Now, getting back to the Gairdner theme, we were on Facebook and saw their hashtag post on Women's History Month. This is an image of the Gairdner Awards FB feed.
Remarks: Modified 03/25/2022
Monday, March 7, 2022
TL;DR -- History will be a regular topic as it relates to New England and families from that region, especially those with ties to the early times and Essex County.
--A recent discussion on Quora got us back to a topic from several years ago that dealt with the period prior to the Civil War. By then, a wide swath of the Interior had been explored, if not settled though this was only a fraction of the eventual spread. In terms of the Heads of Harvard, we go to the pre-war period and stopped to regroup. This theme is an important one and will be reappearing on the topic list for some time.
The Great Emancipators
We were introduced to the Colonel through articles about him when he died that Dr. Frank published in The Massachusetts Magazine. One of the authors was Franklin B. Sanborn. Both Sanborn and Higginson were members of the Secret Six who were Massachusetts men who supported the work of John Brown. One of the Six was Samuel Gridley Howe who was the husband of Julia (Ward) Howe who wrote the Battle Hymn of the Republic.
The Civil War was less than 100 years after the Revolution whose 250th commemoration is coming up. It was not long ago that we saw the 150th of the start of the Civil War. One connection to look at would be the generational aspects such as we see with our study of the fifth generation bearing the brunt of the split with England.
Remarks: Modified 03/07/2022