Thursday, December 17, 2015

The Gardner Annals, Vol II No 2

This post introduces the fourth issue of The Gardner Annals (Volume II, Number 2). This issue concludes the look at the life, and Gardner ancestry, of Frank A. Gardner, M.D. Included are ahnentafel charts (sourced) for his paternal grandparents.

Research continues on The Massachusetts Magazine. Also, there is a brief review of a recent book, Through One Family's Eyes.

The Gardner Annals supports the interests of the Thomas Gardner Society, Inc.'s purpose: to honor the accomplishments of the Cape Ann party and to promote, and to sponsor, scholarly research of a cultural, biographical, historical, and genealogical nature, with an emphasis on, but not limited to, the origins and the lives of New England immigrants.

Submissions of articles for consideration are encouraged: algswtlk[at]aol[dot]com.

Remarks: Modified: 12/17/2015 

12/17/2015 -- Remembering Dr. Frank: 13th Continental Regiment (from the TMM).

Wednesday, December 16, 2015

Captain Pollard

Nantucket has played a major role in several areas. Gardner is one of the original (1/2 so) families.

With the recent release of Ron Howard's movie, a few links to related detail might be in order. The book that motivated the movie can be browsed via Google.
George Pollard, the captain, of the Essex was a Thomas Gardner descendant as were, probably, a lot of the crew. George's experience was an inspiration for Melville's Moby Dick.

The next ship commanded by the captain, the Two Brothers, had Eben Gardner as 1st Mate.

The Smithsonian Magazine had an article, recently: How Nantucket Came to Be the Whaling Capital of the World.

Remarks: Modified: 03/19/2021

12/22/2015 -- While researching for additional material concerning the book (see review in Article III of The Gardner Annals, Vol. II, No. 2), I ran across the child actors who were in Moby Dick with John Barrymore. Jay Berger was the nephew of one of the in-laws mentioned in the book. These types of circles make for interesting stories and can be found everywhere.

01/20/2016 -- Nantucket sendoff.

10/26/2018 -- Add this to the image index:

Sunday, December 13, 2015

Find A Grave - Gardner

This fall, I saw that the page for a relative was wrong: not the right parents, etc. I got the information corrected by sending a note to the person who originally created in the page. This person ought to be commended for doing thousands of graves. In this case, the changes were made in short order as I had supporting material. Since then, I have several other requests pending.

Now, families need to step up and monitor the grave pages for those they know or care about. One can ask to have the findagrave record moved to one's control. Hopefully, we can collect the Gardner ones together for easy maintenance of the information.

So, let's start with Frank. A. Gardner (the Gardner author). The page is to be maintained by the Thomas Gardner Society, Inc. Notice that I have his death date which was not noted in the TEG and TGA articles on his grandparents. I found this date via Greenlawn Cemetery records where Dr. Frank is buried in lot 384-300.

In that large lot in Greenlawn are Dr. Frank's wife and daughter. Also, we find Ann's great-grandparents, grandparents, and several aunts, uncles, and cousins. Also, there are several in-laws.

The lot was bought by Joseph G. Dennett in 1880 when his wife died; he was buried there 1882. Ann's great-grandfather, Joseph D. Gardner, bought the lot in 1898. The latest burial was 1973; there are several open graves.

We have mentioned the cemetery several times, as Thomas Gardner, Sr. was moved there in the 1840s. Where Thomas is remains an open question.

Remarks: Modified: 11/11/2019

12/13/2015 -- Dr. Frank's SAR record; his sister (Lucy Marion Gardner): Lucy Marion Gardner was born in Salem, January 9, 1875, and graduated from Tufts College, A. B. in 1897. She was one of the Collaborators of the class of '97 who prepared the "History of Tufts College." She was a member and secretary of the Old Planters Society; ...

04/24/2017 -- John Lowell Gardner, Jr. This page has links back several generations.

02/28/2019 -- The interface on FindAGrave has changed. We now have thirteen memorials.

11/10/2019 -- Changed Harmony Grove to Greenlawn per information from Mark Stevens of Salem, MA.

11/11/2019 -- Removed old image that referenced Harmony Grove. We now have 17 Memorials which are profiles for which we are owner. We will have many more.

Some of the TGS Memorials at FindAGrave

Friday, December 11, 2015

The Gardner Annals, Vol. II

The second issue of this volume is under preparation. One article will be a review of Susan Hollingworth's book: Through One Family's Eyes.

It is about the half of John's family which left Ireland in the mid-1800s. The Irish siblings ended up in the U. S. and in Australia. Additionally, there is information about related colonial families.

As well, we will be looking at Dr. Frank and his work in order to complete the research effort that has been ongoing. With Dr. Frank being used to represent Samuel, we would like to feature a descendant of each of the other children of Thomas and Margaret from about the same time frame  (born late 1800s).



An article referenced on FB that had a nautical theme caught our interests. See post, Water and Air. It told an old story with unknown provenance which is like much what we find nowadays. Going forward, we need to balance technology and discernment carefully. Per usual, we went looking further and saw the British reference which we are all more sensitive to with the passing of Queen Elizabeth III. Too, we were looking for Gardner family connections. That brought up the opportunity to make the collateral families topic more prominent which brought up the book as it has references to persons with nautical experience. Too, the English history, as we know, is long shared, by we Irish folks.  

So, some additional information is in order - TGA II: III. Reviews, III-A. Book: Through One Family’s Eyes. We want to help further this work. 


Submissions of articles for consideration are encouraged: inquiries[at]TGSoc[dot]org.

Remarks: Modified: 09/22/2022

12/13/2015 -- Find A Grave - Gardner.

12/17/2015 -- Philbrick's book stands out for several reasons.

09/22/2022 -- Added note with link to the Review to bring things up to date. There will be more coming. Changed the email. The book relates to one side of John's family. A later post commented about "What's in a name" on the Switlik family of Polish origins. Put a pointer to Dr. Frank's work. 

Wednesday, December 9, 2015

Cape Ann, 1623

Below, we consider that Thomas was not with Margaret and their sons during the Christmas season in 1623.  That he was with the Cape Ann crew that winter ought to be brought to the fore.

While researching her book (c1930) on John White, Founder of Massachusetts (An Uncle?), Frances Rose-Troup did an exhaustive study and biography. She, subsequently, published details in her book on the Massachusetts Bay Company and mentioned that "a few men being left there as early as 1623 by the fleet send out by the Western Merchants." Further, she said that these men met, the next spring, the Zouch Phoenix and other ships.
    Reference: Rose-Troup, Frances (c1930) The Massachusetts Bay Company and Its Predecessors The Grafton press, New York, pg 11
In his 1935 book, Dr. Frank gave a listing of the passengers in 1624 (Zouch Phoenix). These were the names with the Gardner party.
    Thomas Gardner, Mrs. Gardner, George Gardner, Richard Gardner, Joseph Gardner (all either of Weymouth or of Martock, Somerset), ...
Mrs. Gardner was on the list. But, the list was puzzling in that there was also only one Thomas Gardner mentioned.  Everyone seems to have assumed that this was Mr. Thomas Gardner. However, where was son, Thomas? George and Richard are on the list. Also, there was a Joseph Gardner. But, the son named Joseph was born in the colonies.

Larry Gardiner of Minnesota who is a descendant of Thomas Gardner of Salem through son, Richard Gardner of Nantucket, recently offered his thoughts on this, and a related, issue. We present Larry's remarks (consider these to be conjectural) here and will add commentary at some future point.
    Francis Rose-Troup states the Dorchester Co. sent the ship "Fellowship" in the summer of 1623 to Cape Ann. Fourteen men were left at Cape Ann, and the ship returned to England. Thomas Gardner, the man in charge, would most likely be one of the 14 men left at Cape Ann.

    The ship "Zouch Phoenix" arrived at Cape Ann in the Spring of 1624. Among the passengers listed were: Thomas Gardner, Mrs. Gardner, George, Richard and Joseph. My theory is the father is already at Cape Ann. The passengers are Thomas (the oldest son age 6), Mrs. Gardner (the mother & wife), George (the 2nd son age 4), Richard (the 3rd son age 3) and Joseph Gardner (an adult relative that accompanied the mother and children to Cape Ann, and then he returned to England).

    As for John, the 4th son, born in 1624, the mother/wife was pregnant during the trip, and John was born at Cape Ann. From Thomas leaving in the Summer of 1623 to the Spring of 1624 - just under 9 months(?). This would solve the names of passengers.

    By the time the 5th son Samuel was born in 1627, the family had moved to Naumkeag (Salem).
So, who was this Joseph Gardner that came with the family? Larry continued. Again, we will comment later.
    My theory on Rachel is the following. Thomas was the oldest child of (Thomas & Elizabeth White) if those were his parents. His brother Joseph was next, and he accompanied Thomas' family in 1624 - age abt. 23. Rachel was the 3rd child born abt. 1608. If she came to America at age 18, it could have been abt. 1626. She lived with brother Thomas in Salem. Married Mr. Noble in America. Their parents (Thomas & Elizabeth) have more children born in England. By the time all the children are old enough to travel to America, it would be 1626 plus. Rachel may have been the oldest child of the family on the ship. The father died in 1635 abt. 70 years old. The wife Elizabeth returned to England with remaining children. Rachel was abt. 27 years old and married.

    This would set up a rough timeline to explain that Thomas & Elizabeth did come to America, and that Thomas was buried in Salem. All of the family returns to England except Rachel who got married.
Thank you to Larry for offering his insights.

We have mentioned Rachel, as a possible sister of Thomas, before. The subject is definitely on our list of items to resolve. As well, there was an older Thomas Gardner who died in Salem early (1635). Has his identity been settled?


One question to answer would be when the great house (that which caught Endicott's eyes) went up (1623?, 1624?). If the former, did help the first winter?

Also, the Plymouth folks had been using the Cape Ann area. We will mention the incident (1625) that brought Conant's fame of preventing someone from thumping Standish on the head. Thomas was not a participant; it would be good to hear his opinion. So, he was there two years before Roger's arrival with Lyford and crew.


While researching, recently, I ran across a site devoted to Winston Churchill. There is a lot of the interest concerning his American side, through his mother, Jennie Jerome of Brooklyn. For me, their interest demonstrates that the families need to weigh in on this type of research.

Remarks: Modified: 02/28/2019

01/23/2016 -- Felt felt that Thomas' father came over, too.

08/29/2016 -- Cape Ann Retrospective.

02/28/2019 -- Margaret as first wife was resolved.

Wednesday, November 18, 2015

Gardner's Beacon, Vol. V, No. 2

While researching, today, I ran across a site devoted to Winston Churchill. A lot of the interest has been placed upon his American side which was through his mother, Jennie Jerome of Brooklyn.

Winston's grandson, Winston S. (1940-2010) wrote of his genealogical interest being piqued (Churchill's American Heritage) while working on his volume, The Great Republic (1977).

The article is not dated, but Winston S. does write of using, so it is fairly recent. A later article examines some of the claims that had been made about the Churchill American ancestry (Mayflower Ancestry: The Case For and Against).

Several things stand out. One is that interest generates research. Then, results need to be studied with publication following. The web has evolved into a nice place to do this, as we see with the website for the Churchill Centre. And, the family needs to be involved.

The Thomas Gardner Society, Inc. offers that involvement and a commitment for sustaining the effort into the future.


The current issue of Gardner's Beacon at the research interest and accomplishments for 2015. We provided material about Dr. Frank's paternal heritage: Benjamin Brown Gardner and Lucy Wilson Foster. Too, we are collecting information related to earlier work, pertaining to Gardner origins and relationships, which has spanned many decades.

One descendant has proposed a nice conjecture about the Cape Ann experience which will be written in a post soon (link).


See Vol. V, No. 2 of Gardner's Beacon for a review of research to date.

Remarks: Modified: 03/15/2019

03/15/2019 -- Added image to the index on our portal to truth.

Tuesday, November 10, 2015

Wives and children of George

As in, George, son of Thomas, and father of Ruth who was wife of John Hawthorne and ancestor of Nathaniel, the author.

I pulled this image from the TAG (30, McCracken) article referenced by Anderson in his Great Migration write up about George. In that same TAG article, there was discussion of the wives of Thomas and the Shattuck family.

... more coming ...

Remarks:  Modified: 11/10/2015

11/10/2015 -- 

Friday, October 23, 2015


This is one of several projects (also, Sherborne, Dorset) about which we will have a regular status update.

About a year ago, an issue tag (multiple) was put on the Thomas Gardner (planter) page on Wikipedia. See the Talk page for some discussion of this and for subsequent changes. The image shows the current state of the page.

There will be more editing. For one thing, the text is based upon Dr. Frank's view. Since his time, there has been a lot of research some of which has been covered by this blog. So, another section will be added to bring in the other viewpoints.

Remember, all things need (ought) to be sourced with good citations.

Too, we will be going to other informational sites, such as Quora (related post).

Remarks:  Modified: 10/23/2015

10/23/2015 -- See Talk page on clarification of unreliable references. Wiki doesn't like Higginson published works (which includes Dr Frank's books), family-oriented sites, blogspot, ... So, there is some work to do to find replacements. A lot of Dr Frank's stuff was quoted in Sydney's History of Salem. So, that will work. The others will take a little more effort. C'est la vie.  

Tuesday, September 22, 2015

Miscellaneous status

Last year, about this time, we had a diversion to Charles Olson. He was the Gloucester poet. Also, in that same post, we mentioned paleoichnology. These themes concern relating to prior times.

Of late, I ran across Alberto Rios. One (The Who That I Am) of his poems struck several chords. I have attached an image, from Mesa Arts Center.


For a couple of months, I have used Quora. It has a question/answer format (see examples). I need to collect those answers related to New England history and other TGS interests. Several times, I have seen answers that were lifted from elsewhere on the web, with no attribution. That type of copying seems to be taken as okay, as if plagiarism is the norm and acceptable.

Yet, one has to think that some type of structure could be built there. Wikipedia has a policy of no original research. Quora does not have that NOR restriction. They do have the neutral tone policy which is not hard to adopt.

Remarks:  Modified: 09/23/2015

09/22/2015 --

Thursday, September 3, 2015

Unique ancestors

As we dig for ancestors, we can think about lots of things, of which numbers (example) is one. How many ancestors do we have and how many can we identify?

We know that intermarriage between families reduces the number since an ancestor will appear in more than one part of the tree. So, how common is that situation? Using Dr. Frank, in one of his ahnentafels, there is no duplication until the immigration time.

These types  of question has been posed many times. And, they have been looked at in various ways. Of interest is a 1978 paper by Kenneth Wachter, titled "Ancestors at the Norman Conquest." This paper has been referenced in a lot of subsequent work. Too, we find statisticians and others weighing in.

I ran across this question on Quora: For most of us, how far back in time do we have to go before we no longer have unique ancestors in every generation? There are several answers. One was given by David Joyce who does genealogy well. I have run across his work several times and considers those who have colonial ancestors.

There was a book in 2002 by Steve Olson, titled "Mapping Human History" (USA Today story) in which he discusses a common ancestor for all of us. We have all heard of Lucy. But, is there one closer in time? Olson claims that around 1,200 years back we could find an ancestor who appears multiple times (as in, 1000s of times) in our tree.

Using the generational count, we could figure that there are a trillion people on the tree. At at time, there were 200 million on Earth. So, we know that each person, if they had children, would appear multiple times. But, many did not have children. Too, many had lines that died out long before we got to the present.

There are many more studies that we could discuss. But, in terms of Thomas, we do not know his ancestors, yet. Our goal is to find out who they are.


We are looking to build some knowledge about Thomas using Quora. But, more, we hope to fill in information through this type of crowd sourcing.

Remarks:  Modified: 03/14/2019

09/03/2015 -- David Joyce's site.

09/22/2015 -- A related question: Is-there-anyone-for-whom-all-1-024-of-his-her-10th-generation-ancestors-are-traceable-all-of-them-separate-individuals

03/14/2019 -- Added image so that we can index at our portal to truth.

Monday, August 17, 2015

Where isThomas? III

Context is:
Where was he and is he?
    -- Where is Thomas?: Initial question with material from Dr. Frank and from Harmony Grove Cemetery. The brochure of the HGC mentions the land modifications caused by the road work and gives some indication of who was moved (put image from their brochure).
    -- Where is Thomas? II: Follow-on post with a Bing map of the area. In there, where?
    -- Where was he and is he?: Finally, I used a Perley (did good work, knew Dr. Frank) map along side Google (properly aligned). Partly, it was to show that these sketches were done well given that people were not yet able to have a neighborhood view. Aside: John Gardner's work with the Merrimack mapping crew still stands.      
Saturday, last, someone, on Wikipedia (see Status of page), changed the Burial section on the Thomas Gardner page as follows ("Before edit" was the original status; "Change" was the modification that had no source added; "Correction" is the current state until edited):
    Before edit: Thomas was buried on Gardner Hill near present-day Boston Street and Grove in Salem. His daughter Seeth and his grandson Abel are also buried there.[16] Abel's wife, Sarah Porter Gardner, whose mother was the sister of John Hathorne, was buried with her husband. The remains of Thomas and many others were moved from the old burial ground to Harmony Grove Cemetery in the 1840s. 

    Change (in italics): Thomas was buried on Gardner Hill aka Gardner Burying Ground near present-day Boston Street and Grove in Salem. His daughter Seeth and his grandson Abel are also buried there.[16] Abel's wife, Sarah Porter Gardner, whose mother was the sister of John Hathorne, was buried with her husband. A 1692 map of the area shows that the Gardner Burying Ground was in the same location as present day Harmony Grove Cemetery, which was incorporated in the 1840s.

    Correction: Thomas was buried on Gardner Hill aka Gardner Burying Ground near present-day Boston Street and Grove in Salem. His daughter Seeth and his grandson Abel are also buried there.[16] Abel's wife, Sarah Porter Gardner, whose mother was the sister of John Hathorne, was buried with her husband. The remains of Thomas and many others were moved from the old burial ground to Harmony Grove Cemetery in the 1840s.[55] A 1692 map of the area shows that the Gardner Burying Ground was in close proximity to Harmony Grove which was incorporated in the 1840s.   
One of my remarks to the "Change" was that "same" is not congruent. Of course, we are talking the same area. The bodies were not moved very far (we can have a contest to determine the actual distance).

Let's get serious. As well, this change had no supporting material. That is a no-no on Wiki. See status of the Thomas Gardner page. Someone put tags (ignore unless you want to help). After that, I did some changes (such as not reference pages done by families, etc.). Also, some "politically incorrect" sections (I know, I was spouting off as a newbie) were removed. The page now is good. I'm waiting for someone else to remove the tags.

To us, this burial issue is open and needs to be resolved before the 400th, if not sooner.

Remarks:  Modified: 05/16/2019

08/17/2015 -- We will put an image of the HGC brochure on the blog.

08/12/2018 -- Thomas, with others on Gardner Hill, was left where he was. Stones were moved over to Harmony Grove Cemetery. A few of those withstood the move, say that for Seeth. Most did not and are piled somewhere. At the burial site, though, the road was cut through. So, the remains? Well, moved to God only knows. Or, if the burial was away from the road, it is beneath some structure. Lots to think about. Reflect on. How to proceed into this mire?

11/13/2018 -- With a new twist, as bodies and stones were also moved to the Trask site. Add in Sidney Perley's map of Gardner Hill.

01/04/2019 -- This topic will be followed more regularly this year (344th of 29 December 1674). We will initiate a discussion on WikiTree (see link in sidebar) in support of the research.

02/28/2019 -- Gardner's Beacon, Vol. IX, No. 1 gives an overview of what we know after looking at the issue of missing graves. Then, there are more missing graves, we see.

05/16/2019 -- The map that compares Sidney's walk-about with Google is way off. That is because I was looking at landmarks and not paying attention to details, like distance. So, see this update: How close is close ? II. Here is the updated graphics.
Oh yes, we are now honing into the area. 

Saturday, August 15, 2015

Cape Ann settlers

We know that Thomas came over with a group that was trying to establish commercial activities in New England, at Cape Ann, in the sense of being able to send product back across the waters. The Zouch Phoenix list suggests who was there. However, there were other participants. Crews had been visiting the area for a while; among these would have been fishing interests from the other Cape.

One person was Woodbury (namely, John). See Nutfield's post about meetings of John's descendants. John had a brother, William, who came over, too.

Anyone with an extended tree with Essex County, MA ancestors may find some one who was at Cape Ann. Some of these are listed as Old Planters (Conant, Balch, Woodbury, Palfrey and, sometimes, Trask). Others stayed around, too, such as Allen, Norman, and Gardner. Too, we cannot forget Tylly.

400th, again
Aside: Dr. Frank tried to expand upon the "Old Planters" with an illustrious group of collaborators, but he didn't get far. We need to recognize the Balchs and Woodburys and others for meeting together all of these years on a regular basis.

Now, our intent is to gather information about the Cape Ann families and present this in a coherent manner. The interest in these things will grow as we go toward the 400ths (BTW, early 400th, 1941, Quivira, in Kansas).


So, we will find descendants, hopefully, of all of the Cape Ann group. As an example, in one tree, I found these Woodbury lineages which shows how families can relate and interrelate.
    John --> Lydia (Woodbury) Herrick
    John --> Peter --> Priscilla (Woodbury) Ober
    John --> Humphrey --> Isaac --> Robert --> Thomas --> Ruth (Woodbury) Ober
    William --> Hannah (Woodbury) Haskell
    William --> Nicholas --> Abigail (Woodbury) Ober
    William --> Nicholas --> Joseph --> Hannah (Woodbury) Masters
Those strings terminate at a daughter (I'll do another view later to show the wives at each generation) and can be brought forward.

Remarks:  Modified: 03/14/2019

03/14/2019 -- Another look: Cape Ann Retrospective. Added this to the image index on our portal to truth

Tuesday, August 11, 2015

Gardner, KS

Earlier, we looked at places with the Gard[i]ner name. Then, we took Gardiner, OR and wrote about the person for whom the town was named, Henry Dearborn Gardiner (pg 31, v 35, no 1, TEG; pg 6, v II,n I, The Gardner Annals). That same family was the inspiration for Gardiner, ME.

So, talking of Oregon, there is a town on the trails (see next) in Kansas, named Gardner. It may have been named for Henry Joseph Gardner, Governor of Massachusetts (1855-1858) as there were many pioneers from Massachusetts in the area.

First, about the town. It was where three trails split into two: Santa Fe Trail, Oregon/California Trails. The Santa Fe Trail ended up in a city in one of the oldest areas of the U.S. The other two trails were coincident until much further west where the California Trail headed south; after going west out of Gardner for awhile, they headed up to Nebraska then west to what is now called Wyoming.

Now the Gardner was Henry Joseph Gardner who was a descendant of Richard Gardner of Woburn who is on the list provided by Dr. Frank (the Gardners and Gardners post is the most popular all time).


The mid-west and central parts of the country are full of displaced New Englanders. A little up the road from Gardner is Lawrence whose main drag is named Massachusetts.

Remarks:  Modified: 06/24/2022

04/02/2016 -- Map showing Gardner Junction and the split of the trails west of Gardner, KS.

08/13/2017 -- Posts on Lawrence (and surrounds): Trails WestWestward HoBlogging and suchFinal MigrationThomas Wentworth HigginsonKansas and Lawrence

10/26/2018 -- Map of Gardner Junction. 

08/07/2020 -- In this post, we are looking at two disparate spots that share a name, however there are many points in-between. Like Eudora, KS. Where "The Wakarusa meets the Kaw" is on their history site and is an example of local lore getting some attention. See "Along the Western Trails."

06/24/2022 -- Updated links to Eudora's website as topic continues to be of interest: A Ride to Kansas

Sunday, July 12, 2015


Or, we could have WWTT? And, then, closer to the modern theme, WWJD?

Say what? In other words, What did (would) Thomas think? What would John (or Joseph) do? As in, Gardners coming forward to fill in a meme.

Who are the Gardners? They have many threads, a lot of which have been touched upon, briefly, in this blog. In particular, we are talking two generations. That is, there is the gentleman who was the patriarch of the family and his wife, Margaret. Then, there are the kids who numbered nine in total.

Of those, we pick two in the order of birth. John is the first (Quaker and more); his brother, Joseph, was military and was a casualty of an early conflict with the American Indians. Which, by the way, no Gardner was responsible for seeing it come about.


So, let's get anecdotal a minute, using Thomas as an example, first. See Written out of history. Thomas was here in the 1623/24 time frame. Then, there were all of these machinations, here and abroad. For the Gardners, they ought to be happy that Thomas and Margaret and their kids made it through all of that. We have to realize that Thomas was effective (physically, he would have been large, strong and very much capable; mentally, he was no slouch, as we have seen people argue when talking about his home-schooled sons, John and Richard).

So, we used "deign" to characterize Thomas taking the oath in 1637. That is thirteen years later. Of course, he did this for his kids. That same year, the ruling folks in Salem voted that he would go with Hathorne (ggp) to see the mucky-itty-mucks in Boston (or, wherever they were meeting at the time). Well, doing this gig got Thomas the temporary label of Deputy to the General Court. But, what happened next?

Was one time enough? Thomas saw that such was not for him (great decision). After that, he was very much involved in affairs in Salem and elsewhere. BTW, he was there when Endicott pulled his power trip on Mary Dyer and others. What Did Thomas Think?

Too, Thomas had no shadow over him; rather, he and Margaret enjoyed, until JE came along, a blissful life on Cape Ann.


Now, we'll look at John and Joseph. John was another big guy who was involved in a lot of activities that supported the new society. He may have been young, and providing the muscle, but he was with the crew that mapped the Merrimack. No doubt, he learned a lot. ... Later, we see he and his brother going to see Gov. Lovelace in New York. The name of Sherborne on Nantucket came about from this visit. Lots to look at there.

And, Joseph? He married Ann Downing and has the house, that came to have Bradstreet's name, associated with him and his bride. Ann got Simon to sign a pre-nup after she lost her husband. Joseph was killed during the King Philip war. He, again, is an example of being taught well by his father and his mother.


Again, we are looking at only two generations, here. The American experience, though, is the sum total across all of the years and the accumulation of experiences by the generations, thereof. In a spiritual sense, genealogy is missing several boats. And, the problem is worse than just running after DNA and encouraging some bad practices (as money, not truth and knowledge, is the focus).

Remarks:  Modified: 04/23/2021

06/27/2020 -- What would Thomas think? This will come into play more.

Sherborne, Dorset

Last year, Chimper Cook gave us the record of a Thomas Gardiner and Margaret Frier being married in Sherborne. There is a baptism record for Thomas Gardiner in 1591, same parish, and one for Margaret Frier, in 1598. Then, there are records for Gardner boys: Thomas, George, Richard, John.

Dr. Frank did mention
Thanks, Chimper. Too, though, we can mark this up to the marvels of technology. However, a lot of work still needs to be done.

We are going to research this subject so that we can present the best view that can be founded with current information. See Sherborne, Dorset project page for information.

At the moment, there is a table with some of the images that are available. But, we will be adding to this and related pages.

Please, note, too, the introductory comments. This information has been known for a long while. One open area of research will be trying to find out what has been done, to date. Of course, we are talking 300+ years, yet an overview would/could be very instructive from several viewpoints.

Remarks:  Modified: 09/25/2018

Memoir of Benjamin Peirce
07/12/2015 -- We mention abductive approaches (my career was spent in advanced computing - software and modelling, essentially). Please refer, at least, to C.S. Peirce's (we mentioned him in an earlier post - Benjamin Peirce) work in the area. [Love it: From Ugly Duckling to Swan]

07/12/2015 -- When finished with the data collection and analysis, we will present the strongest story (the prerogative of the family) that the facts, and abductive reasoning, will support. As such, we hope to demonstrate some very much needed research viewpoints. 

07/15/2015 -- Benjamin Peirce relates to this theme for several reasons. For one, he is a descendant of son, Thomas, who was first born. A daughter, Bethia, of Thomas married Samuel Gaskill who was of a Quaker line (see image from Table I, pg 172, "Memoir of Benjamin Peirce" Essex Institute Historical Collections, 1881). Benjamin is also a descendant of Seeth who married John Grafton (Table IV, pg 175). But, this gets interesting. This look back has son Thomas marrying Margaret Fryer. ... Note, an analog of the appropriate method might be paleoichnology (results expressed in whatever medium might get the message across).

09/25/2018 -- Recently the Profile for Thomas Gardner on WikiTree changed to only have the two wives. This was due to research and discussion to which Gardner Research contributed. Earlier, there was a post that summarized the issue and accomplishment: Margaret, anew. Thanks are extended to all who made this update possible. The Profile is managed by the Puritan Great Migration Project sponsored by the NEHGS, publisher of the Great Migration books.

Friday, July 3, 2015

Regimental History Series, background and motivation

Context: See "Contents of this Issue" plus list of articles from the Regimental History Series (RHS) taken from issues of The Massachusetts Magazine, an effort by Dr. Frank and some of his friends.

While collecting links to all of the issues (digitized copy) of The Massachusetts Magazine, several things came to mind including a whole list of future topics for research. For one thing, these eleven volumes of a quarterly publication can be thought of as a snapshot in time of the period from 1908 to 1918 of New England and the U.S. As such, they can offer a lot of insight. For instance, toward the time of the last issues, we start to see discussion of the upcoming 300th of the 1620 arrival; and, that is timely for our look ahead efforts for the 400th (Please note, New Englanders, that Kansas had its 400th in the 1941 timeframe).  

But, while itemizing the items in the RHS that occupied a lot of Dr. Frank's time, one had to consider his motivation. We know that he was an officer in a Salem unit. Too, his persistence in following through with so much detail is more than one would expect for a hobby. 

We find this page in the first issue of The Massachusetts Magazine (also, see first of the series, Department of the American Revolution). Dr. Frank published twenty-five items in his RHS series whose themes were taken from the list (see Reg't column). Not all of the Regiments were covered, however, for the one that he did research, he was thorough.  

TMM, Vol I, No 1, Pg 13
The timeframe was during the Siege of Boston (see Wikipedia). One task will be to look at how we can introduce Dr. Frank's monographs into the discussion and, thereby, generate citations of his work. 

Remarks:  Modified: 12/28/2020

07/03/2015 -- Added link to the 1st of the series "Department of the American Revolution" (see Motivation). See those issues (Vol II through V) with the an item from the series.

08/18/2015 -- Change "m" to "ph."

12/17/2015 -- Life of Dr. Frank is featured in The Gardner Annals, Vol. II, No. 2.

12/18/2016 -- Article about the TMM published in The Gardner Annals, Vol. III, No. 1.

05/23/2018 -- TGA Vol. IV, No. 1 will complete the look at TMM (Table of Contents). Once that is done, we will print Vols. III and IV.

12/28/2020 -- Dr. Frank recognized for his work; we will look further at the Massachusetts Line

Wednesday, July 1, 2015

TMM, Vols. IX, X, and XI


The Massachusetts Magazine, of Dr. Frank and friends.


TMM, Vol IX, 1916

List of Titles, (Vol.IX, No. 2)
Regimental History Series


TMM, Vol X, 1917
TMM, Vol XI 1918
    1917/8, Vols X, XI (F.A. Gardner, M.D.)

    No 1
      Pg 32 Colonel David Brewer's Regiment
    No 2, 3
    No 4
      Pg 167 Colonel David Brewer's Regiment
    No 1
      Pg 12 Colonel Edmund Phinney's Regiment
Prior: TMM, Vols VII and VIIINext up: TMM, Vols I and II.

Remarks:  Modified: 04/23/2017

11/26/2016 -- Added context.

04/23/2017 -- The Gardner Annals, Vol. III, No. 1 provided the Table of Contents for the first five volumes of The Massachusetts Magazine.

TMM, Vols. VII and VIII


The Massachusetts Magazine, of Dr. Frank and friends.

TMM, Vol. VII, 1914
    1914, Vol VII (F.A. Gardner, M.D.)

    No 1
      Pg  32, Colonel John Mansfield's Regiment
    No 2
      Pg  51, Colonel Asa Whitcomb's Regiment
    No 3
      Pg 99, Colonel John Nixon's Regiment
    No 4
      Pg 158, General John Thomas' and Colonel John Bailey's Regiment

TMM, Vol VIII, 1915

    1915, Vol VIII (F.A. Gardner, M.D.)

    No 1
      Pg 27, Colonel John Paterson's Regiment
    No 2
      Pg 75, Colonel John Paterson's Regiment
    No 3
      Pg 123, General Artemas Ward's and Colonel Jonathan Ward's Regiments
    No 4
      Pg 185, General Artemas Ward's and Colonel Jonathan Ward's Regiments

Prior: TMM, Vols V and VINext up: TMM, Vols IX and X/XI.

Remarks:  Modified: 04/23/2017

11/26/2016 -- Added context.

TMM, Vols. V and VI


The Massachusetts Magazine, of Dr. Frank and friends.


TMM, Vol V, 1912

    1912, Vol V
     (F.A. Gardner, M.D.)

    No 1
      Pg 15, Colonel Wm. Heath's and Colonel John Greaton's Regiment
      Pg 36, Department of the American Revolution
    No 2, 3, 4
      Pg 55, Colonel Wm. Heath's and Colonel John Greaton's Regiment
      Pg 71, Colonel Ebenezer Learned's Regiment
      Pg 105, Department of the American Revolution


TMM, Vol VI, 1913

    1913, Vol VI
     (F.A. Gardner, M.D.)

    No 1
    No 2
      Pg 82, Col. Paul Dudley Sargent's Regiment
    No 3
      Pg 125, Colonel Paul Dudley Sargent's Regiment
    No 4
      Pg 147, Colonel John Mansfield's Regiment

Appeared in TMM, Vol VI, 1913

Prior: TMM, Vols III and IVNext up: TMM, Vols VII and VIII.

Remarks:  Modified: 04/23/2017

07/03/2015 -- Add links to the series "Department of the American Revolution" (see Motivation).

04/02/2016 -- Added context.

04/23/2017 -- The Gardner Annals, Vol. III, No. 1 provided the Table of Contents for the first five volumes of The Massachusetts Magazine.

TMM, Vols. III and IV


The Massachusetts Magazine, of Dr. Frank and friends.

TMM, Vol. III, 1910

    1910, Vol III (F.A. Gardner, M.D.)

    No 1
      Pg 25, Colonel Timothy Walker's Regiment
      Pg 40, Department of the American Revolution
    No 2
      Pg 99, Colonel Theophilus Cotton's Regiment
      Pg 133, Department of the American Revolution
    No 3
      Pg 187, Colonel James Frye's Regiment
      Pg 181, Department of the American Revolution
    No 4
      Pg 246, Colonel James Frye's Regiment
      Pg 260, Department of the American Revolution


TMM, Vol. IV, 1911

    1911, Vol IV (F.A. Gardner, M.D.)

    No 1
      Pg 29, Colonel Ruggles Woodbridge's Regiment
      Pg 43, Department of American Revolution
    No 2
      Pg 82, Colonel Ruggles Woodgridge's Regiment
      Pg 110, Department of American Revolution
    No 3
      Pg 153, Colonel Thomas Gardner's Regiment
      Pg 179, Department of American Revolution
    No 4
      Pg 221, Colonel Samuel Gerrish's Regiment
      Pg 244, Department of American Revolution

Prior: TMM, Vols I and II. Next up: TMM, Vols V and VI.

Remarks:  Modified: 04/23/2017

07/03/2015 -- Add links to the series "Department of the American Revolution" (see Motivation).

04/02/2016 -- Added context.

04/23/2017 -- The Gardner Annals, Vol. III, No. 1 provided the Table of Contents for the first five volumes of The Massachusetts Magazine.

TMM, Vols. I and II


Earlier, we mentioned that we would elevate The Massachusetts Magazine, of Dr. Frank and friends, into general awareness. Notice, too, that there had been an earlier periodical (same Wiki page), of the same name, for which we see major contributors, such as Benjamin Franklin.

Given that we are now into July, we will use the month in which American Independence is celebrated to make some progress. For each Volume, we will present the Contents page for each issue. Too, Dr. Frank wrote twenty-five monographs about military organizations from the revolutionary period. For each of these, we will provide a link to the on-line publication, list the title and the issue, and then link to modern information that can be found on Wikipedia.

After we have completed the initial look at all of the Volumes, we will discuss future research.

TMM, Vol. I, 1908

    1908, Vol I
     (F. A. Gardner, M.D.)

    No 1
      Pg 14 Col. John Glover's Marblehead Regiment
      Pg 51 Department of the American Revolution
    No 2
      Pg 85 Col. John Glover's Marblehead Regiment
      Pg 103 Department of the American Revolution
    No 3
      Pg 149 Colonel William Prescott's Regiment
      Pg 195 Department of the American Revolution
    No 4
      Pg 235 Colonel William Prescott's Regiment
      Pg 278 Department of the American Revolution 

TMM, Vol. II, 1909

Prior: TMM, Vols IX and X/XINext up: TMM, Vols III and IV.

Remarks:  Modified: 12/26/2021

07/03/2015 -- Add links to the series "Department of the American Revolution" (see Motivation).

08/18/2015 -- Change "m" to "ph."

04/02/2016 -- Added context.

04/23/2017 -- The Gardner Annals, Vol. III, No. 1 provided the Table of Contents for the first five volumes of The Massachusetts Magazine.

 12/26/2021 -- General Glover and Washington using TMM articles. 

Tuesday, June 23, 2015

Auras, genealogical and otherwise

Please, please get off of my cloud. Or something like that was ranted by the strutting graduate of the London School of Economics and Political Science.

In genealogy, it seems that things can be strict if you are dealing with someone else's lineage. For one's own, there is (can be) an aura.

And, that is as it ought to be (how one responds to that will depend upon the belief and views). People existed; those better documented are not of any better worth (do not read "worth" in the usual money-valued sense).

And, irrespective of the nature and characteristics of that aura, there is a lot more to it than has been considered. Trying to excel in their operational imperatives (they think) via the western mindset, genealogists seem to have descended to numbers (and DNA, think of it, would this analysis even be possible without computational assistance?).

Before casting aspersions my way, just consider, if you would, Dawkins' "meme." It's delicious that he used the term, as one can easily step to (where me[ta] and a whole lot more ensues).

However, let's pause a minute and note that memes are all the rage in the Internet's milieu (just like many of the notions related to some advanced computational approaches have a flavor close to Lamarck's ideas - ah, so wonderful). We could talk this issue thus (as in, memes) and keep from that which might be uncomfortable to many. What use is there for this concept in genealogy? Anyone want to propose memes to discuss?

I propose "aura" but am willing to change the term as it gets better understood.


However, that genealogy is Exodus 20:12 in action, without transitive limits, seems to not get much recognition or respect - to wit, all of these people/companies (oh yes, running after big bucks.

In short, genealogy is only one of several modern disciplines that could use a few, good gentleman/lady scholars/scientists (and, they are extant). It is where the domains of these disciplines of interest intersect that we need to have some attention placed. ... To be discussed, further.


There was an earlier comment in regard to this subject: Endless genealogies.

Remarks:  Modified: 06/28/2015

06/25/2015 -- Throwback Thursday, a social media meme. Leary's influence (also, his iconoclastic self's rewards - albeit, late - let's hear it for Berkeley as that which allowed his salvage). Referenced this from that (on auras).

06/25/2015 -- Was this tongue in cheek? No, only suggestive.

06/28/2015 -- Corrected Larmarck's name. On auras, all sorts of operational aspects need to be brought to the fore so that we can have a proper discussion leading to experiments, etc. Put link to London School of Economics.