Tuesday, December 16, 2014

Pages for organizing content

We are adding in a feature (Pages) as it will allow collection of material in ways other than temporal or categorical.

First use, Gardner Research. More to follow.

Remarks: Modified: 12/17/2014

12/17/2014 - Neat, can use a tab format.

Thursday, December 11, 2014

Gardner's Beacon, Vol. IV, No. 4

While researching for this issue, we were looking at the movement of Gardner families southward and westward. We know that Gardners went from Salem, MA to Nantucket, for instance. Too, there was migration from Nantucket to North Caroline. In short, we know that there are descendants of Thomas Gardner in every state of the US.

And, there are many Gardner families to consider. That subject is covered by our most-read post (Gardners and Gardners).  As Gardner Research works to identify all families and their relationships, the starting point is the list provided by Dr. Frank A. in his book.


On following Quaker migration, we ran across Gardner in New Jersey. Namely, Thomas Gardner arrived there from England in 1678. The below links provide some information about that community which was quite active.

Quakers of New Jersey: FoundingThomas Gardner house in Burlington1981 celebration.

Some settlers were new arrivals. Others had gone back to England from New England and returned further south. The Quaker tales such as these need to be told.


Introducing Janet Gardner's work: Quakers, the quiet revolutionaries. Janet has produced documentaries for several years. Her work is of interest to us.


During the effort to determine the namesake of Gardiner, OR who turned out to be a descendant of George of Rhode Island, we ran across another descendant of George. Jo Ann Butler has authored books using her ancestor, Herodias, as the focus. The viewpoint is appropriate, we feel. 


See Vol. IV, No. 4 of Gardner's Beacon for a recap of the accomplishments for the year, for a table of contents and an index for all issues, for a brief look at the Nantucket timeline, and more.

References: see Sources (Current Issue)  

Remarks: Modified: 12/14/2014

12/14/2014 - To follow the research about the namesake of Gardiner, OR and the owner of the barque that wrecked, the Bostonian, see the post on Henry D. Gardiner. A paper that summarizes the findings to date will be published by The Gardner Annals (and will be submitted to The Essex Genealogist). Recently, we learned that H.D., and his brother C.F, were also shipbuilders. They had quite an extensive commercial business, including the marketing of Gardiner's Rheumatic & Neuralgic Compound.

Wednesday, December 3, 2014

Contents, Index

The Gardner's Beacon summary page has been updated with a Contents table and an overall Index.

Vol. IV, No. 4 is in the works.

In the meantime, we are prototyping an application process for descendant membership. Having submitted more than two handfuls worth of applications (all successful) in a brief time to hereditary organizations makes us very sensitive to oversights. What might these be?

For one, duplication runs rampant when this is not necessary given the professionalism (even if it looks backward) of genealogy. But, there is a lot more to discuss. Who will take up the quest for a more humane treatment?

Eric Roth has volunteered to help. To watch progress, see our discussion pages: using the ahnentafel, documenting research, supporting materialverbosity vs sparsity, ...

Remarks: Modified: 12/05/2014

12/05/2014 - Added a table for the PDF (print) files. See Table of Contents for Vol. IV, No. 4.

Saturday, November 22, 2014

Web site

Status: 11/23/2014 - 0600 PST, site is up and running


Web site availability reports ought to be regularly supported. Today, I noticed that the thomasgardernsociety.org site was down about 10:00 PST.  As of now, 15:25 PST, it was still not accessible. The service provider has a general comment about no ETA.

webhostinghub notice
of outage
However, they did say that there would be periodic updates. Well, five hours is way too long for such a period, IMHO. But, we'll have to see how this goes. 

The last noticeable outage was in June of this year. Prior to that, there had been no down times that were significant. Meaning, one expects to have tie ups due to several factors that users need to know.

On the other hand, the whole notion of who owns what is an on-going debate (part of the "neutral net" arguments, to boot). We have dealt with this the sense of content versus configuration, for one.

Web presence, that persists and evolves, will be an integral part of any communication strategy in the future. How this looks may differ wildly from our current level of technology, but some of the issues will remain hotbeds of discussion.


A note went out yesterday about the TEG publication. The note points to our repository of papers. The email server is co-joint with the web traffic handler. Is that good? Well, all sorts of questions will be addressed.

Status: (see FB)
      Under the auspices of Gardner Research, sponsored by the Thomas Gardner Society, Inc. 

      Switlik, John M. "John Sayward/Soward of Gloucester/Ipswich" The Essex Genealogist (TEG) Vol. 34, No. 4, November, 2014, page 210; In 1791, John Graves of Ipswich, MA married Elizabeth Sayward. Who was she? To answer that question, we need to look at Elizabeth’s parents. The article shows that her parents were John Sayward and Elizabeth Leatherland, of Ipswich, and, then, answers the question: who was John Sayward?

      Includes ahnentafel of an aunt of Dr. Frank A. Gardner, author. An earlier article covered his grandmother, Lucy Foster Wilson. Next up, his grandfather, Benjamin Brown Gardner.
Remarks: Modified: 11/23/2014 

11/22/2014 -- Started a post on the technical blog, using Word Press. The general topic is content management, however content, as an abstraction, has many levels. The discussion started two years ago when we had to move off of Microsoft's site and has continued. ... There are many troubles that we see with computing; now, some of these are old and gnarly, while others are due to the recent technological advances. You see, value from change is not always a positive thing. We will go more into that.

11/22/2014 -- 18:37 PST, still down.

11/23/2014 -- 06:00 PST up and running; need to check email status

Wednesday, November 19, 2014

Henry D. Gardiner

Earlier, a post (Places) mentioned that a query had arisen about the origins of Gardiner, OR. There had been a well-documented shipwreck (1850) without loss of lives and with the load being saved and the ship being salvaged for its lumber. Win-win, so to speak.

Dr. Silvester Gardiner
At the point where the goods were stored on land (nine miles from the wreck site), covered by the ship's tarp sails, a town arose. It was given its name since the person who had commissioned the ship's journey was named Mr. Gardiner. This loose naming was used in several stories, over the long years though there was mention of Boston as his place of business.

Much later, in 1994, an effort to document the town as a historic place resulted in a nice write up (see the "Places" post). That work identified the the owner, Henry D. Gardiner. Now, who was he? It was said that he lived in Boston.

Too, we were told about the motivation for the shipment and a few other details, but, somehow, anything about Mr. Gardiner was never filled in.


We have found Henry D. Gardiner and provide a few bits about his life and times. He did live in Boston and can be found in both the 1855 Massachusetts and the 1860 US Census. His business was said to be lumber which relates to the purpose for the ship, Bostonian, being dispatched around the Cape to Oregon.

Note: A pre-fab house was aboard that was put up by George L. Snelling (who served as postmaster).

1855, Boston Directory
The following is a list of brief notes that can be expanded when the information is fully assembled.
  • He was born Silvester Henry Dearborn Gardner in 1814 in Pittston, ME (near Gardiner) to John and Phebe Gardiner. His mother was a daughter of Benjamin and Rebecca (Luce) Cartwright.  
  • Henry died in May of 1876 in Marshfield, MA. His death record identifies his parents. At the time, he was the Treasurer of the Butter and Churn Association. 
  • His grandfather, Gideon, was a first cousin of Dr. Silvester Gardiner (physician, pharmaceutical merchant). The good Doctor (see top image) was a Tory during the Revolution. Both Gideon and Silvester were born in Rhode Island. Silvester is the namesake of Gardiner, ME and is mentioned in Dr. Frank's book. 
  • They were descendants of George Gardner of Rhode Island through son Benoni. 
  • The family book is Gardiners of Narragansett.  
  • In the 1855 Census, Henry was living next to his brother, C.F. They were in the same business. All of the stories mentioned that George Snelling who was commanding the Bostonian was a nephew (this still to be confirmed). 
  • Henry is mentioned in Eliza's database (i7172). There is no information beyond his father. In the 1855 Census, Henry was living with Emily whom he had just married. 
  • Henry dropped Silvester from his name. Even Eliza did not have it.  
  • Boston directory, 1855 (see above image). C.F. & H.D. Gardiner
  • ...
Originator of the original query was Dr. Stuart Gardner Garrett of Oregon with whom I corresponded as we focused in on Mr. Gardiner's identify. Altogether, over a period of a couple weeks, there were about 4 to 6 (multi-tasking so elapsed time, not effort) hours put into the work, as a few minutes were available here and there. The resolution, post the hunt-and-gather phase, of the issue was dependent upon, and is indicative of, the power of the Internet as it was conceived prior to the wild-west themes of the world-wide web.


This work, done under the auspices of Gardner Research, was an interesting puzzle (example of a very large set). We want to solve these types as they allow disparate data to be linked; too, resolving these type of issues can help give insight to similar problems.

--- Additional information added 12/11/2014 and after -- 
      (for each in the list, see Remarks, below, same date). 
Particulars about the barque, crew, etc. 
  • Story by Georgina Durbin (Kate Heath first ship to arrive at shipwreck site)
  • San Francisco arrivals on Kate Heath (see image), 22 Dec 1850, a Snelling is on board, also Winchester (partner with Gardiner?)  
  • (new 12/14/2014) -- Winchester, Payne & Co (funded the Kate Heath and supported the pioneering effort, including the prospecting) ...-- 1846, fastest trip from Boston to Galveston (14 days?) -- caught in Galveston, MxAm War  --- 1847, discovered danger at George's Shoal  --- 1848, Duties --- 22 Jul 1849 left Boston with passengers, for California (see Remarks 12/04/2014 - Bostonian at wharf in SF) ---  28 Feb 1850, in New Orleans  paper reporting that the Bostonian was 173 away from Boston (see Remarks 12/04/2014 - New Zealand, April??) --- 
  • Ah, but it was there, April 1850, (see image -- The Southern Cross -- Remarks 12/15/2014). From all of this we can draw out a time line ending up with the Oct 1850 shipwreck. The Naval record says that Boyling was the skipper. If Snelling was taking it to OR, he was experienced (from what we can see, in his early 20s).  -- Yes, we have identified George L. Snelling.  
  • ...
  • A new Bostonian, clipper (1854). (new 12/15/2014) Something with the name? The new ship, Bostonian, was lost while being "bound for London" in November 1860 (The Southern Cross).  
  • ...
--- end additional information

Remarks: Modified: 12/14/2014 

11/20/2014 -- There are several stories that could be told. Firstly, though, a few questions remain to be resolved. Is this the Henry D? Why did he commission the shipment? For that matter, why was this story not told earlier? What is the Henry D. Gardiner and George L. Snelling connection (the latter was the nephew of the former according to the tale of a passenger on the Kate Heath)? ... What was the loss incurred by the Gardiners (not win-win, as someone took a haircut, using the modern parlance)?

11/20/2014 -- On George L. Snelling: Joseph Lane papersAncestry discussion, Postmaster, ...

11/21/2014 -- Further work: ship manifests of the period; GLS did not die in Oregon, did he go back to MA?; itemize cargo, identify crew, try to value a lost (to Gardiner's company) as Gardiner, OR would be on the other side of the balance sheet - near zero; why did HDG fade away?, later, he was involved with another endeavor (early example of entrepreneurship)?; other HDG's: one was military and friend of President Chester A. Arthur (also, New York), ...; ...

12/04/2014 -- The San Francisco paper reported that the Bostonian (owned by H. D. Gardiner) was, in August 1849 (see above, left Boston July 22 -- fast trip!), selling its load at the S.F. wharf; the load had been picked up at Boston (but, the goods were originally from St. Croix) in May, the same year, . (Then, the paper in New Zealand says that it heard that the Bostonian had come over from S.F. in 45 days to pick up lumber and potatoes. This report was in April 1850. Now, the reporter did not know whether to believe the report as the lumber taken was not of high quality. But, the Bostonian would have been expecting to sell to pioneers and prospectors. -- update 12/14/2014 - see above, bark Bostonian reported in New Orleans paper, Feb 1850 -- update 12/15/2014 - see Remarks and image below - the Bostonian was in New ZealandThe shipwreck was in October of 1850.

12/11/2014 -- Besides being in the lumber business (see Boston directory, above), C.F. also pushed Gardiner's Rheumatic & Neuralgic Compound. Added link to Page 165 of the 1849 Mercantile directory.

12/12/2014 --  see list above for additional material -- *** Joseph Henry Bensusan (grandson of H.D. and Elizabeth, see list above) changed his name to Henry Dearborn Gardiner, New York, 1888 -- This HD Gardiner declared bankruptcy, 1904 ---

12/13/2014 -- Two of his wives were descendants of Thomas Gardner of Salem. ... 1854, new clipper, Bostonian, completed.

12/14/2014 -- More information about the bark/barque (example, mentioned in New Orleans paper, Feb, 1850 (?), having to do with the extent of the voyage time).

12/15/2015 -- Time to put these things in order. The barque Bostonian did pick up from New Zealand. The left side is derisive; the right, a few days later, somewhat grateful for the California trade.