Tuesday, July 17, 2018

Whole views

People have been interested in genealogy for a long time, to wit, the Bible (from 2013, Endless genealogies, quoting Timothy). But one bogs down quickly with more than the mere brick wall. What were these people up to? What were their times like?

Oxford view
Having just gone through Dr. Frank's Massachusetts Magazine (2018, all issues) from cover to cover, I have acquired a little more understanding of one-hundred years ago, more or less. The last post (on Jedediah Smith - true mountain, and desert, man) looked at activities regarding western expansion which was post the jaunt of Lewis & Clark. Also, that post brought up the notion of a larger focus, namely: culture, history, genetics/genealogy. We will be discussing this, however a quote from an Oxford book of 1850, gives the proper view.

A review of posts in this blog will show many devoted to issues of Whence (2014) and What we know (2012 - definitely needs to be updated). Since the start, we have had several of these types of posts on a subject that will still need some attention. One approach will be to gather what has been found so far so as to evaluate the information and sources. Nothing new there. It is work, but fun. There is a lot of material on the web regarding Thomas and Margaret and variations thereof. For instance, did Thomas have a sister named Rachel? In that case, I looked at this and tried to establish sources (2015, Rachel (Nobel) Gardner).

One post looked at the period around the arrival, briefly (2013, Plus or minus the arrival - I call this the cigarette posts as the time view of the reigns look like ascending smoke). That image shows the long reign of Elizabeth I. Her time overlapped the life of Thomas' father and his birth. Recently, I have started to dig deeper. Frankly, I was motivated by seeing an article on Elizabeth and the Spanish armada incident. In other publications, I read of the various players and places. But, I also noticed Dorset (2015, Sherborne) which is where son John said that they had come from. That lead to a bunch of reading, especially to get familiar with the counties involved, Dorset and the surrounding, such as Somerset, Devon, Wiltshire, and Hampshire.

But, too, I got a better appreciation for the geography of the War of Roses (2013, Origins - Motivations). I do not like how Game of Thrones has warped  the story (only read 2 1/2 books - put it down, never watched any of the Hollywood renditions). But, then, I learned today that Shakespeare is considered a propagandists for the Tudors by historians. Nothing new, as the saying goes.

Dorset countryside
Before ending, that is Alfred the Great's territory. Of course, the Romans were there, earlier. There was a Sherborne Castle build in the time of William the Conqueror. I think Edward II had some type of confab there. It decayed and was destroyed during the Civil War. Oh yes, the next county has Stonehenge.

Let's stop with a photo out of Dorset.

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We expect to move this blog to be under TGSoc.org. Once we get the new blog set up, volunteers who want to help to move things over would be gladly acknowledged.

Remarks: Modified: 07/17/2018

07/17/2018 --

Tuesday, July 10, 2018

Jedediah Strong Smith

We commented on the wonderful job that is being done for the Mayflower events and mentioned the work being done by the NEHGS. That will be something to watch. Of late, after reading of Judge Thompson spending time out west, I have been paying attention to events of the past 200 years. As, we have the opportunity to celebrate those while the 400th stream of fetes rages for several decades.

The Judge's sojourn to the left coast and back, plus Col. Higginson's travels out to the wild west, are examples from a long period of history leading to now. I was just digging yesterday into the 'Sooner' events that were associated with the 1983 Land Rush where the Cherokee Territory was parceled out to a greedy bunch of people. There are tales to tell; fortunately, the www allows people to publish what they know. The usual caveats are in order, albeit that the Thomas Gardner Society would like to be involved with efforts a providing a 'clean, safe' web source.

You see, from the research mode, there are many things to discuss. However, a triad of culture, history, and genetics/genealogy rises to fore, in our opinion. These will be discussed further, as we go along. Culture is a human trait of long-standing interest. So, in a sense, memes trump genes? Well, lots to look at, however history does have a huge role. Actually, it deals with people and their dealings. People, of course, are the major players, but each generation comes and goes. We have to look at the broader scope of things. Humans have many cultures, most of which are age-old.

Both Thompson and Higginson were late, comparatively, to the subject guy. They were around during the pre-Civil War times. And, both were heavily New England in pedigree. One thing to remember is that after the Revolution, we had lots of people coming here. In fact, D.A.R. has many members whose patriot ancestors came sometime in the 18th century prior to the uproar. But, we also had the Spanish here for a few centuries by that time. And, people came from all over.

Just like now. And, given some of the discussions that I see, we really need educational thrusts related to the hidden history of the U.S. So, let's go back a few decades prior to these two guys. One of the early explorers, a mountain man, was out west in the 1820s. He started in St. Louis working in the fur trade business. Then, he went west and covered a whole lot of territory. He took notes, drew maps, and even wrote letters. And, he has a New England pedigree which needs to be researched further. I looked at some reports and provide a brief list of families: Smith, Strong, Partridge, Mather, Ingersoll, Langley, Adams, Kilborne, Foote, Eddy. Like many, he has oodles of cousins.

Jedediah did not have descendants, but his siblings did.

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Now, let's switch to an example society that is doing very good work. In 1957, a group in California decided to found a group to research this guy and others like him and more. This is their website.


It's partly based in Berkeley (CA). They use WordPress nicely. But, their research work is real nice. There is some discussion, below. But, they have a Rendevouz that is planned and allows people to walk in Jedediah's steps, if you would. And, he covered a whole lot of western states, as an early traveler. I will look at one, below, a little.  

Being brief, just like the NEHGS helps lead the way, the JSS shines, too. Jedediah Smith was born in 1799, so he's a post-Revolution baby. His parents were in New York. They both have New England pedigree. By 1822, he was in St. Louis. Mind you, this was before the trails kicked in (see Gardner, KS at the split). After that, he went many places. He helped establish the Oregon Trail's route.

As we look at the filling in of the middle of the U.S., we can look at what was going on in New England. Like we know of Higginson, that he was one of the secret supporters of John Brown. By that time, there was regular publishing in eastern papers of articles sent from the west. Jedediah was before any of that.

His death was in 1831, in Kansas. There is a river that runs out of New Mexico into Colorado and then wanders east until it meets with the Arkansas River that comes out of Colorado, too. He was killed while drinking water from the Cimarron River during a parched time. His body was never found, however reports of this death traveled back quickly. In that area, they were laying out the Santa Fe trail

Area where Jedediah was killed, 1831
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It might be of interest to mention, now, that Jedediah and his crew were the first U.S. citizens to cross the Mojave Desert. And, this was in the summer.

After being detained and questioned by the New Spain Governor, Jedediah went north.

Jedediah maps out the Interstates
I had to include this map, which came from the JSS website. For those who may be familiar with the area, the long south to north line is, essentially, today's I5. Then, in the lower area, we see what is now I15. And that northern line is I80 which goes across the whole continent ending up in New York City.

There are similar maps of other areas created by researchers who have been studying Jedediah and his times.

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As an aside, the JSS still uses checks for their membership payment and contributions. They have a nice newsletter, too, and published papers.

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Jedediah was forgotten for a long while. One article is noted as having been written in 1922 by a grand-nephew who live in Kansas not far from where Jedediah was slain. But, once the JSS was formed, it has been in action to get Jedediah recognized.

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We see a similar role with regard to Thomas Gardner and the Cape Ann crew, especially with regard to the Old Planters Society. That is, do not let the world forget early New England. Lots of research has been done the past 100 years or so. Too, there is a huge stack of pending research. Using the www for coordination goes along with its purpose and facilities. 

Remarks: Modified: 07/17/2018

07/17/2018 -- Continuation of the theme: culture | history | genetics/genealogy

Wednesday, June 27, 2018

Sources for TGA, Vol IV, No 1

Earlier, we discussed, briefly, the sources for a recent issue of Gardner's Beacon, namely Vol VIII, No 1 that published in early June. We will do something similar for The Gardner Annals for which we just published Vol IV, No 1. 

See What's new for regular postings: 
  • 06/18/2018 -- The Gardner AnnalsVolume IV, Number 1,  published. Contents: The Massachusetts Magazine,  updating an article in the Essex Genealogist, Gardner and the Tudors, and Pending Research: Pseudo-wall, The Atlantic, Nathaniel Eaton. 
We will reconfigure our Research and Annals section, hopefully with a common reference strategy that will include a bibliography.

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This recent issue covered several topics including finishing up scanning the articles of The Massachusetts Magazine and presenting the Table of Contents for each issue. In this review, we ran across lots of characters who will be looked at more closely as we did take the time to research both older and newer material.

For instance, we have a lot of information about Judge Thompson. It was a year ago when we first started to read about him. And, several items have come out of his Reminisces, such as his experiences with Henry Plummer who was hanged by the vigilantes in Montana.   

The following are some additional links which will be updated as we run into material. 
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We will be adding other material, such as that associated with F. B. Sanborn, and more.

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Finally, as we get the print of TGA Vols III and IV ready, we are looking at the next issue. As such, our focus will be of three things that pertain to the past, present and future. That is, the 400 years of history provide a rich source for continuing analysis and subsequent improvement.

Those three topics are culture, history and genealogy. The American experiment is without doubt known across the globe and offers a never-ending platform that is as broad as one might expect, namely human culture. Then, history deals with time and events relating to the culture where we have various actors by generation.

Given the upcoming even of the 4th of July, we might take Rev. John Wise as an example who was the 'inspiration' for the Declaration of Independence according to President Coolidge. He pre-dated Jefferson's efforts by decades. Rev. John's milieu was Ipswich, Massachusetts. He was the son of a butcher and a graduate of Harvard. We will be writing about him, again.

Remarks: Modified: 06/28/2018

06/28/2018 --

Saturday, June 16, 2018

Magazine: American museum

As we complete TGA Vol. IV, No. 1, we look at how to report on all of the references that Gardner Research has used. We have started a bibliography but need a better way to discuss research issues. To date, we have also used blog posts.

This post deals with two references to magazines that get some attention in the coming issue of the TGA. Last year, as we were reviewing the first five volumes of the Massachusetts Magazine (Wikipedia), we looked at the other attempts at publishing about that time, for several reasons. For one, they are a point-in-time capture of the state of things related to U.S. history. We use an example out of Dr. Frank's periodical experience, below. But, Hector St. John is an example of someone being here and then writing in Europe. He needs as much attention as Lafayette. The French loved his revolutionary-war era tales.

We can put these types of things into a timeline related to the U.S., something like this: 1770 to 1840, 1840 to 1890, 1890 to 1940. The middle period would include a lot, such as the Southern Literary Messenger. For one thing, printing technology improves. Also, we have The Atlantic which still publishes having started in 1857; imagine the modern approach compared to one hundred and sixty years ago.

Dr. Frank's MM would be in the last period. We will be able to present the entire TOC with the coming print of TGA volumes III and IV. We will post when the copies are ready.

But, going back to the first period (1770 to 1840), we can look at part of one volume of The Massachusetts Magazine which is on-line: Massachusetts Magazine or Monthly museum. This volume is from 1794 for six months. It started printing in 1789 out of Boston. The Library Journal (Volume 14) for 1889 mentions that this periodical published until 1796.

In that same time period, we had the American museum that started out of Philadelphia in 1787. The publisher was Mathew Carey (biography). This is an example issue: The American Museum or Repository of Ancient and Modern Fugitive Pieces ... It is huge involving a lot of work. And, Carey had a large subscription list, unfortunately, many of which were free (the list is categorized by State - Massachusetts is first). So, Carey had to stop publishing after five years.

From the beginning, there was print activity everywhere in the U.S. So, we will see lots of examples in those defined periods. Without the modern shipping methods, most of these efforts stayed local. However, the American Museum had a nationwide (at the time) audience. The Southern Literary Messenger, with Poe as editor, started in the first of the groupings but continued well into the second. As such (with other examples), it demonstrated views held by some. Seeing these in the original context and voice helps understand issues.

Again, the thematic thrust is the 400 years that went into the making of the U.S. as it is now. And, freedom of press is a crucial point. Too, juxtaposing the turmoils, including operational aspects, of those three periods with today's whizzbang methods might just provide some needed insight.

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Now, Frank's magazine was in the last period, but here is an example of content related to the second. Namely, F. M. Thompson wrote of his western experience starting with his banking work in several mid-western states. This is worth looking at more closely due to his detailed report. Fortunately, F.M. was consistent in that. Montana, in 2004, picked up his articles from The Massachusetts Magazine and published them (it is noted that the material came directly from Dr. Frank's periodical). The title of the book is Tenderfoot in Montana (via Google). K.N. Owens did the editing and included some useful maps in the beginning of his introduction. We will look at that further.

Some of the events that F.M. wrote about are in Wikipedia, referencing other material. However, we will get his name back in the scope of things. He helped design the Seal of the State. Also, he ran a mercantile business in a mining town of about 10,000. Bannack is now a ghost town. It is protected; there is some shindig there yearly. F.M. left to return to Massachusetts where his future bride was waiting. F.M. is quite graphic about the life in the wilds of those times. So, his writing is a gem. The early part about banking is apropos, still, to discussions that seem to reawaken every generation.

In a chapter on vigilantes, F.M. describes the crime, the arguments of frontier justice, and that several men were hanged. In Massachusetts, F. M. was a judge. We will look further into that. 

Remarks: Modified: 06/17/2018

06/17/2018 -- In looking at the Wikipedia page on Henry Plummer, hanged by the vigilantes, there is no reference to his marriage which F.M. noted (later a judge in Massachusetts). There was no reference to F.M., at all, in the write (yes, some fiction is referenced - sign of the times), so we need to correct that oversight.

Tuesday, June 12, 2018

Early America

Our scope, of course, goes back to the beginning. As I finish up TGA Vol. IV, No. 1, various subjects related to the early times come up due to the review of all articles in The Massachusetts Magazine. At the bottom of this post is the TOC for the upcoming issue.

We have written about F. B. Sanborn (What is an American?). In TMM, Vol. IX, No. 2, pg 163, F. B. wrote about Hector St. John (namesake of St. John's, VT). Hector was here for a while, got caught in the Revolution, was captured by the Brits, taken back to England, and then got back to his folks in France. There, he wrote retrospectives of what he saw. They were immensely popular due to his first hand experience. Of note is that he experienced the time of turmoil and that he had a good opinion of the U.S. (which was to be). People on the continent were interested in what was going on. A little later, the French had their own revolution.

There have been some interesting looks at Hector and kindred souls. This is an example of a few works concerning Hector.
  • Hector's first work: Letters from an American farmer
  • Describing Early America - compilation by Pamela Regis. Includes an essay by Hector. 
  • Crevecoeur's Eighteenth-Century Travels in Pennyslvania & New York, translated/edited by Percy G. Adams. The following is the Table of Contents. 
I.     A trip up the Hudson
II.    Colonel Woodhull of Schunnemunk Valley
III.   A tour of the chief ironworks of New York
IV.   In the backwoods of Pennsylvania -
              the schoolteacher from Connecticut - a
                 Northumberland county pioneer
V.     In the backwoods of Pennsylvania -
               at the home of a Polish refugee in Luzerne County
VI.    Lost on a bee hunt in Bedford County
VII.   The bachelor farmer of Cherry Valley
VIII.  The Indian Council at Onondaga -
                the arrival
IX.     The Indian Council at Onondaga -
                 the great debate between Kesketomah and Koohassen
X.      A winter among the Mohawks, or, The story of Catta-Wassy
XI.     Niagara in Winter
XII.    Agouehghon, the Coohassa-Onas of Niagara
XIII.   Two Indian tales
XIV.    Wabemat's Reward, or, Why the first beaver was made
XV.     The use made of salt in American, and, The mountain pasture lands
All of these books are via Google books, in a preview mode that does not show all pages.

TOC for TGA Vol IV, No 1.

Remarks: Modified: 06/12/2018

06/12/2018 --

Wednesday, June 6, 2018

Pageant of Salem

Earlier, when we recognized the support of Lucie M. Gardner for The Massachusetts Magazine, we put in the image that was from 100 years ago.  Lucie continued Sidney Perley's work, reported on activities by groups (such as The Old Planters Society). She is also listed as an editor.

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The recent issue of Gardner's Beacon, Vol. VIII, No. 1., mentions the upcoming 400th celebrations. Cape Ann, Essex Co., and Salem have several years to party, from 2023 to 2030. Following is about the 300th. VP Charles Dawes was in Salem for the ceremony. Dr. Frank was there, as were a whole lot of folk.

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On June 13th and 14 and 16th and 17th of 1913, there was a Pageant presented by locals. Dr. Frank participated. He and his wife were the Roger Conants. Thomas and Margaret Gardner were played by Waldo D. Gardner and his sister. Lucie M. Gardner played the wife of William Jeffrey. Other families portrayed were Balch, Gray, Norman, Palfrey, and Allen.

The Pageant was presented by the management of the "The House of the Seven Gables Settlement Association" and was published (available via Google/books). The Pageant was "arrange and directed by Margaret Maclaren Eager" with Sidney Perley as consultant. There were many participants and supporters (see Pg 5). The following provides the structure of the Pageant.

  • Part I, Prelude (Naumkeag)
  • Episode 1 (a) The Indians at Naumkeag
  • Episode 1 (b) The Indians welcome the advent of the English, Roger Conant and Followers
  • Episode 2 Arrival of the ship "Abigail" with Governor Endicott and fifty English settlers, 1628
  • Episode 3 The forming of the First Church
  • Episode 4 (a) Roger Williams banished by the government
  • Episode 4 (b) The persecution of the Quakers
  • Episode 5 Salem deluded by witchcraft. Witchcraft unveiled and driven out. 
  • Part II, Episode 1 The coming of Governor Gage to hold Court at Salem, 1774
  • Episode 2 The ball given in honor of Governor Gage
  • Episode 3 The forming of the First Provincial Congress
  • Episode 4 (a) Leslie's retreat
  • Episode 4 (b) The Call to Arms
  • Part III, Commercial Days
  • Part IV, Nineteenth Century Days
  • Episode 1 The Salem of romance. Nathaniel Hawthorne
  • Episode 2 The close of the Civil War. Entrance of the Grand Army of the Republic.
  • Finale 
The Pageant material names all of those who acted. The Finale includes various lists of prominent persons of Salem by category. The image shows a few of the participants.


Remarks: Modified: 06/06/2018

06/06/2018 -- Need to prepare for 2023/4. Some, of literary inclinations, have looked back 200 years: American Jeremiad. But, we need to go back to the Cape Ann times and before.


Sources for GB, Vol VIII, No 1

In the early issues, we included a list of Sources (love this page as it has the 2nd generation buttons which go back to the transition from OfficeLive (2010 start) of MS to HTML on Linux (2012). The issues related to configuration - technical and otherwise - are open - have not seen a real good solution - not Ancestry, thank you - go with Wordpress or otherwise - open to discussion). The last volume that we did in Sources was IV. 

Some of the posts for the issue of Gardner's Beacon had a short source list of References (example - Gardner's Beacon, Vol 2, No 5). 

Sources for GB, Vol VIII, No 1
For the future:
Others will be added. At some point, Sources will reestablish the proper mode with a Bibliography.

Remarks: Modified: 07/13/2018

06/27/2018 -- Looking at a common source strategy for GB and TGA. 

07/13/2018 -- Added to the American Jeremiad bullet and inserted the H.B. Adams material, courtesy of Johns Hopkins (and Berkeley's library).