Thursday, May 21, 2015

Featured research

Context: Gardner Research, FAQ

We'll adopt some type of focus albeit a multi-faceted framework will still be the mode of operation.

First up, we'll complete the look at Dr. Frank A. He did the work which has been cited (so far, we have found nothing to quibble about - even if we do find things to correct, he'll get respect -- as should Rev. Hubbard - who will feature, too, at some point) a whole lot over the years.

Watch this page: The Gardner Annals.

Remarks: Modified: 05/22/2015

05/22/2015 -- As we look at Dr. Frank, we will pay some attention to his and Lucie's magazine: The Massachusetts Magazine.

Monday, May 11, 2015

Gardner's Beacon, Vol. V, No. 1

While preparing for this issue, we did a review of the research and publication events since the start. Too, we published an overview of the Thomas Gardner Society, Inc. that appeared in the November issue, 2014, of the TEG (v34, p210). This write up concentrates on the main focus which is research, part of which will concern descendants and their spread across this continent and the globe since those early times.

One major effort involved creating Wikipedia presence with regard to the couple of interest. See Thomas Gardner (planter). Now, with respect to that, one will link items across articles. This image depicts a knowledge map that is centered on Thomas.

To interact with the map, go to the portal at There are many uses for this type of graphing. In the case of Wikipedia, upon which this map is made, one can look at the material with a view to consistency, accuracy, etc., In this case, there are eleven different articles. The associations that are mapped were determined by a standard algorithm.

There are interactive means to make changes to this type of thing. However, letting the tool work can be instructive, too. Notice the link to Swayze; that came about due to a reference on the Swayze page that some descendants of John married descendants of Thomas. Another association is that some of the Swayzes left the Salem area due to persecution (Quaker) which is a story that is common to Thomas' children (Richard, John, George) and many other families.

Other efforts were regular publication of Gardner's Beacon, articles in the TEG, and The Gardner Annals. However, the questions stack up which is what we like to see; that is, our emphasis will continue to be research. Hopefully, we will be able to raise the level to a scholastic level that is required for contributing to the general state of knowledge.

See Vol. V, No. 1 of Gardner's Beacon for a review of progress to date. Too, types of contributions are provided.

References: see Sources (All Issues)  

Remarks: Modified: 05/13/2015

05/13/2015 -- Started a "Gardner Research and Discussion" group on Facebook. If you are interested, please ask to join. See link on the FB page.

Saturday, May 2, 2015

Rev. Hubbard

We will have more about the guy as we go along. For Gardners and friends? We need to remember, Rev. Hubbard was the first to write about Thomas and John (Tylly) and, thusly, deserves eternal honors.

I am putting this post here in that some controversy has raged about the start of New Hampshire (but, some of the posts will be at the technical site and at the Truth Engineering site). As in, what year ought to be placed for the first effort at a settlement (or attempt, thereof)?

The two images are from distinct viewpoints: a modern publication and Hubbard's work (pg 214).

NEHGS's GM, Vol. II, Pg. 950
(ca 1990)
Hubbard, Pg. 214
(ca late 1600s, published mid-1800s)

Why is Hubbard second? Well, we are going backward in time. The first publication quotes another work from the 1900s (Noyes, Libby, Davis) which we will get to. NLD takes Hubbard's book (and viewpoint) to task. Too, NLD may mention other work. We will get to that.

This post is just a starter bit; as we collect information, it'll be posted. We intend to be thorough.

Remarks: Modified: 05/04/2015 

05/02/2015 -- So, one controversy (of several): 1623 or 1628. (See Heather Wilkinson Rojo's post)... Mind you, Hubbard was using material available at the time and talking to people of that era. Here is one example. Of course, we see new material coming up via the internet all the time. What did NLD have in their day (well, access to the original documents)? We will see.

05/03/2015 -- Some edit (late night post) on the morning after. It is not all about Rev. Hubbard. Rather, we want to see the total picture; commercialization schemes seem to be making the internet more fragmented than it need be (but, then, that is another topic that is being discussed, sometimes heatedly, in this day and age). ... One would think that New Hampshire would weigh in on this piece of its history.

05/04/2015 -- A collection of sites about the subject follows. The controversy seems to revolve around the Hiltons. Plenty of sites claim 1623 (Thompson's effort to settle, for one).
The Great Migration publication (RCA) has David Thomson arriving in 1623. The official NH page has that year, too. Thomson was there even if the Hiltons may not have been. 

Who was first? Portsmouth or Dover or who? Note, please, that this report says that some controversy about Hilton Head came from Hubbard, published in 1680. Sorry, folks, the poor guy's manuscript was carried/thrown about for 100 years or so (almost lost) before it was finally printed in 1815 and published with annotations in the mid-1800s. 

... So, some see Rev. Hubbard as the Rodney Dangerfield of historians. ... 

Monday, April 27, 2015

Posts and more

Remember the year end? 'twas not so long ago. All of the bloggers were announcing their counts for the year. Some of these did have reflective comments; not many, but, then, the web rushes forth like water out of a well (why this metaphor? someone has to pump; too, the rest of the country needs to be cognizant of the water issues being faced by California, Texas, and other places) with no one worrying about spillage or (quality).

Perhaps, at some point, that will come about. We can point to twit-ville's spawing of enormous amounts every micro-second - then, later, that same flow becomes foliage for the big-data herbivores (actually, are they not meat eaters?) to munch in order to give us cow patties (crowd behavior).

Now, recall that twits may or may not have had some discernment behind the text bulge. Yet, in the aggregate, things can be seen, though we can argue about speciousness (and other things - some things occur (are) just because they can (can be)).


Along that reporting line, we have pulled together, from time to time, posts by read count, say the December Summary (2014, 2013, ...). For all the time, the "Gardners and Gardners" post has had the most reads.

In this post, the intent is start to look at content and the underlying motivators. Earlier, we mentioned Gardner Research (in terms of questions) which is fairly broad (why? using Winthrop's little quote, one can see a large domain -- too, Gardner's Beacon?). We stand at a time when people are looking backward (again, and more so) due to upcoming milestones (all sorts - this year, 800th of the Magna Carta).

As with any line of inquiry, especially if there is a large extent over which to gaze, one has choices about what resources to expend, where to focus effort, and that whole litany which commands the time of countless managers everyday (albeit, CEOs eat broadly without doing any real work - yes, explainable).


So, in that vein, this graphic was interesting when first seen. It gives the count of posts to the TGS blog by month over the past few years (well, from the beginning).

Posts at TGS blog
A pat on the back might be in line given that the maximum month was almost a year in. That does indicate considered thought about research findings. As one would expect, the beginning time was more the case of handling the influx rather than doing specific searches. Once one has balanced all of the incoming balls, then one can take the time to look further. Too, one finally gets to where new knowledge can be sorted and placed where it belongs.

By the way, those early times can be scrutinized in more depth by looking at the timeline of the Thomas Gardner of Salem page on Wikipedia (50 per page, from the start - 10 Jan 2010). As well, though, the elapse of the first year's time and the effort during that period allowed sufficient understanding to start the backbone series and other things related to opinion.

The other time of greater, than normal activity, was last summer (Jul, Aug, Sep) which saw efforts at studying content management issues, plus discussion of research leading to the TEG papers. That little bit of time indicates that winter months do not correlate, necessarily, to larger output on the web. But, then, last year had the most posts.

Remarks: Modified: 04/27/2015 

04/27/2015 -- What is not seen in this count are the Remarks put into posts. In some cases, they are pointers from an earlier post to a later post. In other cases, they contain additional information. This post has examples of both (Historical genealogy) types of Remarks. In one blog, the Remark content is several multiples of the original post.

Tuesday, April 7, 2015

Sourced timeline for barque Bostonian

The article is done and submitted for review. An appendix is being posted below to encourage further research and discussion.

Gardiner, ME and Gardiner, OR are named for the same family. ME is named for Dr. Silvester. OR is named for the grandson of Dr. Silverster's cousin.

Who? Henry D. Gardiner. His barque, the Bostonian, shipwrecked on the OR coast in 1850.

An article (see TEG, v 35, n 2; The Gardner Annals, v II, n 1), for which the below image is the appendix, will be published soon with the details about H.D. and his brother, C.F.

barque Bostonian, Timeline
Remarks: Modified: 04/07/2015 

04/07/2015 --

Friday, April 3, 2015

Richard III and Gardner

Before we get to the subject, let's do a review. King Richard III of England was reburied on March 26, 2015. His remains were found on September 5, 2012 after careful analysis suggested where to begin a search. Because of genealogical work that had been done in 2004 to find descendants of Richard's sister, a DNA test was possible which confirmed that the remains were, indeed, Richard's.

This discovery, as would be expected, raised a lot of interest. Who else was related to Richard and how? To descendants of early (and later) immigrants, this type of research means a lot since some of the early entrants did have a documented past. As well, claims of all sorts have appeared on the scene.

So, a moment like this allows a review of what is known and not. As well, we can take a re-look at methods and their findings (to wit, NEHGS on the subject which was posted at the TGS FB site). In the case of the Thomas Gardner descendants, times like this help with motivating, hopefully, the necessary work to collect and to catalog all that has been written.

Some of that work might be exploring the use of modern techniques. To boot, though, these times renew the hope that more substantive material will be forthcoming (to wit, the Thomas and Margaret marriage notice).

--- The question? Did a Gardner knock Richard III on the head?

Before early 2013, there was a page on Wikipedia with the title of "William Gardner (knight)." It told the story of William who killed Richard III and who later married Helen Tudor. Then, their son was Stephen Gardiner who was said to be an ancestor of the Thomas of the TGS, Inc.'s concern. That page was taken down in February 2013 (the delete vote and comments); the main criticism was that the story was of a conflated figure.

Along with the "William Gardner (knight)" page, there was a Wyllyam Gardynyr (get it? Welch-izing the name) who was the same person written up in a story. These pages were there for awhile as I first ran across them in 2010 (when first getting started with the "Thomas Gardner (planter)" page). With the discovery of the remains, though, the discussions quickened (see Richard III Talk page).

Now, notice the criticism. The story of Wyllyam Gardynyr quoted the Wikipedia (sheesh, all over you find sites that just pick up Wiki material - many times not attributing the source) page (referred to, above, as now deleted). That's nice. Write up an encyclopedia article, then quote it as a source.

Well, in essence, the (historic) evidence (as of now) is lacking that a Gardner ancestor of Thomas was at Bosworth Field or that a Gardner was the wielder of whatever caused the demise of the King. There was a comment made to the "Historical Genealogy" post (first written in November 2010) in the time frame of November of 2014 (fairly recent) that says that the story is, at least, 30 years old.


So, there is still a whole lot to look at, in this and in other regards; re-addressing this topic, and similar topics, is on the plate. In the interest of putting Gardner Research on firm ground, we intend to consider all that has been studied and written up to this point. Future generations and researchers will benefit. Our task is to do it right (or, at least, get the effort started on a good road).

Remarks: Modified: 04/04/2015 

04/03/2015 -- The question "Did an ancestor of Thomas help in the demise of Richard III?" has been added to the FAQ.

04/04/2015 -- This is not to say that Thomas did not have ancestors at Bosworth or any of the other battles that occurred during the War of the Roses. We are talking the period from the period from 1455 to 1485 which is 100+ years prior to Thomas' birth. Here are two good graphics that summarize the period.
    Wikipedia (War of the Roses) -- Summary of Events. Notice the Lancaster and York columns with battles and outcomes. Margaret of Anjou lost her son (Edward) and died in poverty. Others suffered fates (see beheaded list, section on England). has a nice graph based upon the relationship tree with links for battles and fates.  
As well, here is a pinterest collection (put here as we could use this for material related to Thomas).

Thursday, March 19, 2015

Things nordic

In case it has not been noticed, there is a Recent finds tab. Recently, I got interested in sails (researching the barque Bostonian was one factor). Salem, now, has a large sail maker. How did Salem fit into the business in earlier times? One other motivation was that John Goff has written about ropewalking which Salem was involved with. Heather Wilkinson Rojo wrote about visiting the museum in Boston.

Sails, and their makers, seem to be taken for granted. Perhaps, the whole thing is considered of lessor intellectual fare.

But, not. At the Recent finds little bit on sails and materials, I put links to conferences and academic work. Especially, I found the Viking use of wool for sail material as indicative of lots of things, including an innovative spirit. What brings us back to TGS, Inc. is that the Vikings (Normans) were a large influence on the culture of the mother countries.

Too, though, this little paper by a student at MIT was intriguing: How a sail boat sails into the wind.

So, we will need to look further at all things nautical; but, the land people will have their say, too. Case in point. From a common point that the Oregon Trail has with the Santa Fe (old culture) trail, one can follow the latter toward SF in a car. What we can do now in about three to four hours took the hard-working travelers of that time three weeks (21 or so days of 8 hours of labor, each) to cover.

You see, on the boat, you laze about, if you are not part of the crew. On land? There is minute by minute solving of difficult problems albeit sometimes your work may be abetted by animal power (however, not, as we know from the Mormon cart experiences).

Remarks: Modified: 03/22/2015 

03/22/2015 - Gardner's Beacon, Vol. II, No. 2, had the theme of Gardners and the sea.