Wednesday, April 26, 2017

Essex Institute, Historical Collections

Research continues to learn more of the origins of Thomas and Margaret. This post looks at one of these sources that dates to the middle of the 1800s.

Vol. I
So far, in terms of earlier writers, we have heard from Rev Hubbard (his manuscript is from the 1680s), Joseph B. FeltJohn Farmer, James Savage, George D. Phippen (more below), Benjamin Peirce, and more. Then, later in the 1900s, we have Dr. Frank who published via Salem Press and Anderson of the Great Migration effort.

Phippen's first article appeared in Volume I of the Historical Collections of the Essex Institute. The Historical Collections published until 1993. There is an index available at Hathi Trust. One can view the full index on-line through 1922.

As we look at The Massachusetts Magazine, we will compare articles with what is in the Historical Collections. Dr. Frank had material printed there, too.

Excerpts from Phippen's talk
The first part of Phippen's article was read at the Essex Institute on March 25, 1858. There were two more sessions, all of which appeared in Volume I. The title of his talk was: The "Old Planters" of Salem, who were settled here before the arrival of Governor Endicott, in 1628. In the first part, Phippen talks about the general topic of the times, earlier plantations, and the Cape Ann effort. He mentions the great house, put up by Thomas in the first year, which was moved to Salem (my take on the story).

Then, Phippen lists the names of fifteen figures. Thomas Gardner is included (#11). Conant, Lyford, Woodbury, and Balch head the list. One wonders why Lyford is mentioned so prominently (he fled).

In the second part, Phippen writes of the planters, starting with Roger Conant. He gets through John Balch. In the third part, he does the rest. See about Thomas Gardner, on page 190. Phippen writes that the Thomas who was the son of Thomas was the husband of Margaret and Damaris. Also, he mentions that there was a George Gardner who was the brother of the older Thomas.

That last has to do with something needing a little attention. Savage wrote of six Thomas Gardners. Two families, with father, son and grandson. One was Salem, the other Roxbury. For Salem, he has the son being the father of the children that we know. For Roxbury, the elder Thomas died here in 1638.

But, Dr. Frank, in his book, said that he saw no evidence of this. However, research at Dorcester has Thomas (the elder) coming over and going back. He died in England in 1633.

So, it's curious. What we need to do is gather and organize, Then,we can try to fill in the pieces. In any case, conjectures abound.

Remarks: Modified: 04/26/2017 

04/26/2017 --






 







Wednesday, April 5, 2017

Review, overview

We're a little late getting to looking at the year's close (2016) due to some need to look at technology and its issues. That theme is getting more complicated than not. So, it'll be a recurrent affair.

So, with the end of a quarter in 2017, it seemed appropriate to catch up. Namely, looking to the next issue of The Gardner Annals brings up the need to get a little cohesion going. And so, the review of what is there motivates an overview. This is not an outline, rather a little patter on the matter.

Per usual, we would like to request submissions. Actually, an ahnentafel starting about 1900 would be nice if it were to be accompanied with some story. Lord knows, there are all sorts of tales that remain to be told. The only stipulation for an issue of the TGA would be having sources. But, they do not need to be included.

An example is the "Flyover country" article from last time that looked at Mayflower descendant buried in a lonely grave out in the prairies of Nebraska. We also had a post about that: Flyover country. This person was also a descendant of John Porter of Salem. Porters and Gardners intermarried, so there is a link back to Thomas, too. However, even if not, we all need to be aware of the western migration and of those who ventured away from the east coast. In short, there is a whole lot to that vast middle of the country.

The article in the TGA referenced documents without quoting them. That could come with a later article that gives the specifics. We also want to do those. For now, consider some reasonable format. Here is an example: Benjamin Brown Gardner. He is the grandfather of Dr. Frank. Benjamin's wife, Lucy, had an interesting pedigree, too (poor dears, Wardwell and Parker).

On Salem and witches. You know, I don't know if the descendants get the proper condolences what with the commercialization that has become associated with the ordeal. But, we'll tell some of the tales. BTW, two Porter men married Hathorne women. One couple is ancestor of the one of the lonely grave. The other couple is ancestor of Dr. Frank.

As a cursory look, here are some items being worked that are amenable to TGA inclusion.
    We will be doing a brief look at the contents (and the ToC) of Volumes VI through XI of The Massachusetts Magazine. Not only did Dr. Frank do his military monographs (I saw one of these cited, recently), his sister, Lucie, published several genealogies of New England families.

    Then, Dr. Frank and other illustrious ones started the Old Planters Society in 1899. We'll look at their corporate documents. Some of the talks to this Society were printed in the TMM.

    After Dr. Frank did his 1907 book, there were meetings, for several years, of the Gardner Family Association. We'll look at that.

    Too, there will be something on some of New England's early contribution to that which the Philly guys did (which is celebrated every year). As in, New England wrought this. Of course, Rev. John Wise will be mentioned. His wife was a descendant of Thomas Gardner of Roxbury. 
I'm looking for another way to say "Philly guys." Any suggestions? You see, discussions seem to start with that set of events. Too, they are associated with fireworks. So, they stick in the mind. Yet, there were all sorts of things that led to those ones and their minds.

Remarks: Modified: 04/13/2017 

04/05/2017 -- 

Friday, March 31, 2017

The Hebraist

In his 1907 book, Dr. Frank filled in part of Samuel's tree down to his parent's generation; the 1933 book expanded upon the descendants of George (see comparison of persons in the 1907 and 1933 books). At each generation in his line, he briefly mentioned some of the colonial ancestors of the wives.

Here is an example showing Abel who was the great-grandson of Thomas through Samuel and Abel's son. Abel married Priscilla Stacey. Dr. Frank mentions some names, such as Rev. William Worcester.
Now, when he gets to Abel's son, Simon Stacey Gardner, he only mentions the parents of Rebecca Knapp. Now, her father, Nathaniel Knapp, was of Newbury and has a diary published related to his experience in the Second Siege of Louisburg (Nathaniel's Diary, Wikipedia). Given that Dr. Frank did a series of monographs on the Revolutionary effort in Massachusetts, one wonders why he didn't look further at Rebecca's pedigree. I certainly did, as a newcomer to all of this. Dr. Frank, himself, mentions that the 1758 events were considered a training ground, somewhat. As in, the King's troops learned what they needed to get free.

I am sure that Dr. Frank did look at this part of his history. He could have been mentioned some names, many from the Newbury area. But, he wished to ignore one. Who? On a closer look, we see Nathaniel Eaton. Nathaniel Knapp was a grandson of Benoni Eaton, son of Nathaniel. Benoni had been raised in Cambridge after his family had left. We discussed Nathaniel Eaton earlier when we filled in the ahnentafel for Dr. Frank's grandfather, Benjamin Brown Gardner (TGA Vol II, No 1 - May 2015).

So, given the time of Dr. Frank, who would have wanted to mention Nathaniel Eaton? Well, we will, now. A post (Benjamin Brown Gardner) from that time provides a little information about Nathaniel. After his Harvard ordeal, Nathaniel was in VA for a while. Then, he was at Padua and got two more degrees (MD, PhD).

And, so given that Nathaniel is yearly on the hook (one-sided affair), perhaps, we can re-look at the whole thing and tell the tale properly. It is interesting that in the Wikipedia article, there is some allusion to Nathaniel, perhaps, enduring an early witch hunt.

This time, the study will be done by a descendant. All sorts of viewpoints have been expressed over the years. Below, there are pointers to recent material provided mainly as an example. In doing a brief search, I have found that the subject has been much debated over the years. So, we will be collecting these thoughts and writings.
    Williams, G.H. (2014) - Divinings: Religion at Harvard, ... - evidently Nathaniel was on the same boat as John Harvard. Nathaniel's brother, Theophilus, and friends fled south and were founders of New Haven, CT. ... Nathaniel was no slouch (he studied under William Ames at Franeker).

    Celebrate Boston - quotes Dutch visitor to Harvard. "We found there," our Dutchman reports, "eight or ten young fellows sitting around smoking tobacco, with the smoke of which the room was so full, that you could hardly see, and the whole house smelt so strong of it, that when I was going up stairs, I said this is certainly a tavern . . . We inquired how many professors there were, and they replied not one, as there was no money to support one. We asked how many students there were. They said, at first, thirty, and then came down to twenty: I afterwards understood there were probably not ten. They could hardly speak a word of Latin, so that my comrade could not converse with them." Why mention this? Nathaniel, evidently, had some runup against youth who may have been rebellious (much discussion will arise here); a question to explore is this, was Harvard the first true experience of the ensuing sense of freedom that is only the privilege of the 1% (or less)? Of course, the Dutch visitor was much later (1680); yet, given the scene, one has to wonder (say, my query asking a comparison - John Gardner and the Merrimack River).

    Love it or loathe it: It's Harvard's birthday - mentions Eaton and the early years. Too, puts things into perspective.
Aside: Look on the Talk page of the Wikipedia article (find JMSwtlk) for recent entries, such as students complaining about having to eat the same food as did Nathaniel's Moor.

Last year's research also brought up another character that needs another look. Namely, Sir Christopher Gardner. There are conflicting viewpoints. Gardner Research wants to help set the record straight, or to as close as may be done at this late date.

Remarks: Modified: 04/13/2017 

04/04/2017 -- The topic of late? Bro' culture of Silly Valley. Plus, frat house thinking. Was this an American phenomenon? If so, Harvard got it started early. Imagine. Someone with a PhD level educational experience being short-tempered with brats. Ah, do we not see that every day? But, to think, nothing new under the sun. And, America's roles are sorely in need of further analysis. BTW, I was in the U.S. Army as a 17-year-old, hence my particular characterizations of them matter. We really need a draft and some type of national service. How else can a proper understanding get a basis? 

Monday, March 13, 2017

Thomas Gardner of Roxbury

There are always questions coming up with respect to "all things Gardner." Dr. Frank summarized what he knew about colonial Gardner families in both versions of his book. See image from the 1933 edition: Gardners and Gardners.

This post is about part of the family of Thomas of Roxbury. One of his sons-in-law is the Rev. John Wise. In this post, we will pull together a few things related to Rev. John in order to set the stage for further discussion.

But, first, let's look at his grandmother, Alice Freeman. This graphic (adaptation from Chris Chester's site on Alice Freeman) shows how she relates, as well, to some descendants of Thomas of Salem.

Alice was coined uber-mother by Gary Boyd Roberts of the NEHGS. Her daughters are the forebears of many prominent New England families. Too, Alice is from an ancient Anglo-Saxon line. So, we will be looking at that further.

One purpose for the image is to show the timeline that ends near the middle of the 20th century. Since then,we have several more generations at hand. What is coming up will be the 400th of those first entrants and their lives. You know, the 300th needs some attention, as effects from the War of 1812 were wide-spread (see Gardner-Pingree House).

Now, Rev. John, who was from Ipswich in MA, was called one of the inspirations for the Declaration of Independence (DoI), by President Calvin Coolidge. In the Stories from Ipswich blog, there was some discussion about the motivation for the comment. This image provides a snap of the post showing words from Rev. John and the DoI.


Given the times, we see a lot of interest in the subject. An example is the musical, Hamilton. Alexander is of the Philly crowd (see How powerful is the U.S. Constitution?). But, lots happened before then to set the stage.

As Dr. Frank mentioned in his series of monographs related to the Boston Massacre, many at that event had trained militarily and served under the King (see Regimental History Series).

Now, Rev. John is of interest due to his being both a Harvard graduate and a working man. That is, the Rev. put his muscles to work (those other than the brain). Of course, at the same time, there were clergy who only diddled in religous issues. Too, we had lawyers. But, somehow, the lessons from Rev. John have been lost on the populace. He was no pretend Lord of the realm.

Remarks: Modified: 04/13/2017 

03/13/2017 --

Friday, February 24, 2017

U.S. and us

Research continues. There is a lot to do as the scope keeps expanding. Part of this is due to just becoming aware of what was there and to the queries about things Gardner.

As well, I am looking further into Nathaniel Eaton. His experience can stand as the dart board for a whole lot of discussion; and, this bit of debate would be apropos to our times. Pending is a further look at Sir Christopher Gardner. The tales that are commonly told are both off the target and incomplete. So, we will weigh in there. Seems that there might be a relationship with Thomas. We'll see.

Mentioning Eaton. He came up since Harvard has lots of appeal and gets a lot of attention. As it ought. Why? It comes out of the New England experience. And, despite some arguments otherwise, those times of 400 years ago have meaning for us now.

And, getting to Harvard, we will be looking at one early graduate (pre-1700). He was said to be an inspiration for the Declaration of Independence. Now, the Philly crowd (my characterization) gets a lot of attention. Genius, we hear. And, the Constitution. Stands as God-given, does it not? However, those later guys relied upon work done prior to their time. I have a little better grasp of that now having looked at parallels twixt the Massachusetts (and its surrounds) and Virginia (and its surrounds) experiences. Some were in both places, such as our friend, Nathaniel.

About the inspirational guy, as said by Sibley, Calvin Coolidge, and others. Sibley said that they republished this guy's books in 1772 as debate fired up. We are talking Rev. John Wise from that interesting place called Ipswich. We will get more into that.
John's wife was the daughter of Thomas Gardner of Roxbury. So, as this chart shows, there was a merger of the two Gardner families just before the U. S. Civil War.

Chris Chester (Descendants of Alice Freeman) has an interesting site. He decided to document descendants of Alice. We were happy that we could add information about daughter, Mary, who was the oldest. BTW, the Hodgkins is kin of the Colonel featured by David McCullough in his look at 1776.

Now, John is also noted for being jailed during the tax turmoil in the 1680s. That is, he led the first tea party, so to speak. Dudley had these guys fined. The Governor had them jailed. Later, John sued Dudley and won; the claim: not allowing rights of habeas corpus. 

So, "all things Gardner" covers a lot of territory. 

Remarks: Modified: 02/24/2017 

02/24/2017 --

Wednesday, January 18, 2017

TMM, a review

In the last issue, the TGA (list of issues) provided the Table of Contents for Vol. I through Vol. V. of The Massachusetts Magazine (see The Gardner Annals, Vol. III, No. 1 - pg 13). Next issue will provide an overview of the remaining years.

Then, we will look at specific articles, such as this one (Regimental History Series, background and motivation) by Dr. Frank. The TMM had articles by several prominent authors, such as RA Douglas-Lithgow, MD, LLD.

As an aside, we now have the internet, cloud, and social media (categorization is still needed). In the early days, one printed. That is, after the press was made generally available. Many magazines have come into existence and died out since the time of entry that is celebrated by those who have New England old-time blood. The TMM was the second try with this name. The first even had the interest of old Ben, himself, as in Franklin.

Remarks: Modified: 04/23/2017 

04/23/2017 -- The Gardner Annals, Vol. III, No. 1 provided the Table of Contents for the first five volumes of The Massachusetts Magazine.

Wednesday, January 4, 2017

DNA, again

Related posts: DNA and genealogy, Genome and more.

For now, a list:
Remarks: Modified: 01/04/2017 

01/18/2017 -- This will be discussed in the context of nature and nurture. After all, there is a whole traditional collection, albeit more arguable given social media, that bears some attention.